Woman reaches out to AI screen

Artificial Intelligence in Health

Community Jury

Community Jury:

A community jury is a research method involving a deliberative democratic process – it seeks to involve well-informed members of the community in policy decision making. A jury is given a remit or policy question, and asked to make recommendations to decision-makers.

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

Healthcare applications of artificial intelligence (AI) are rapidly increasing in number and value. AI broadly refers to interrelated technologies that can perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence. Image-based diagnosis and screening, on which medical specialties such as radiology and pathology rely, is considered the most successful domain of such medical AI applications to date. Diagnostic and screening applications of artificial intelligence are generally intended to aid clinicians by augmenting their skills, but future automation of clinical tasks is also possible.

About the project

This community jury is part of a multi-method bioethics project The Algorithm Will See You Now: The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Adopting Machine Learning Systems for Diagnosis and Screening, which is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (Ideas Grant 1181960).

The community jury received approval from the University of Wollongong Human Research Ethics Committee (2022/314) last 29 November 2022.

The following is the remit for community jury on using artificial intelligence for screening and diagnosis in Australia.

“Artificial intelligence” refers to a set of computer-based technologies that can do things that previously required human thinking and action. Artificial intelligence is widely used in everyday life.

Artificial intelligence systems are being developed to detect or diagnose diseases. Artificial intelligence systems can help healthcare workers to find disease, or in some cases, AI systems can find disease automatically, without help from healthcare workers. 

In this jury, participants will be asked to make recommendations on the following question:

Under what circumstances, if any, should Artificial Intelligence be used in Australian health systems to detect or diagnose disease?