Oral recordings

The Oral Recordings 'B' collection comprises audiotapes of interviews with Illawarra residents.

About the Oral Recordings collection

The recordings describe life during the Depression and work in local industries such as the steelworks, coal mines and on the Port Kembla waterfront.

Various archivists and researchers made the recordings, usually in association with the Department of History and Politics. The majority were recorded in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

The 'B' collection recordings are included in several research-related collections in the Archives and Manuscripts collection.

Details of these recordings are also included below.

List of individual recordings

B1 Veronica Baird Fish: Jack McCabe and Coledale

1891-1973. 65 minutes
Interviewee: Veronica Baird Fish
Interviewer: Baiba Irving

Eldest daughter of Jack McCabe, Mrs V.B. Fish worked closely with her father during the Depression years of the 1930s. The family migrated from England in 1921 and settled at Coledale, south of Sydney, in 1929. Throughout the Depression, Jack McCabe worked to organise relief for the unemployed through the Coledale Distress Committee. He was a foundation member of the Australian Labor Party and Returned Servicemen's League branches at Coledale and was known locally as the 'Mayor of Coledale' for his involvement in local affairs. He retired from coal mining in 1949 and died in 1973. Transcript available.

B2 Phillip T. Thorne: left-wing political campaigns in the 1930s

1930-39. 100 minutes
Interviewee: Phillip T. Thorne
Interviewer: Baiba Irving

Born in Melbourne in 1908, P.T. Thorne was employed as a solicitors clerk until 1927. Following a period of farming in Queensland, he became a clerk in the offices of Jack Wishart, a Sydney solicitor interested in social causes. In late 1930 he joined the Friends of the Soviet Union and was a member of International Class-War Prisoners Aid. As editor of Labour Defender, the journal of the International Labour Defence, he was involved in many campaigns against the political victimisation of trade unionists and other pro-labour supporters. He was elected secretary of the Spanish Relief Committee in 1936 and was active in its affairs until its disbandment at the outbreak of World War II. Subjects dealt with in the interview include the 1929-30 Depression; the Friends of the Soviet Union; Gerald Griffin; International Class-War Prisoners Aid; International Labour Defence; Egon Kisch; the Spanish Relief Committee; and the 1934 World Congress Against War and Fascism.

B3 Mesdames Bowen, Kaye, Martin and Wilson: southern district miners' women's auxiliaries

1938-74. 25 minutes.
Interviewees: Mesdames Bowen, Kaye, Martin and Wilson.
Interviewer: Baiba Irving

The first Miners' Women's Auxiliary was established at Wonthaggi, Victoria in 1934. On the South Coast of NSW, the first auxiliary was established at Scarborough in 1938. Other auxiliaries in the district were established during the 1940s and 1950s often in response to a particular strike. The auxiliaries sought to assist mining unions safeguard the health, lives and economic well-being of mineworkers especially during periods of industrial unrest. Over time, the role of the auxiliary has diminished and many have ceased to exist. See also D20.

B4 Jeringa Tribal Council: Aboriginal land rights at Orient Point, New South Wales

1974 190 minutes
Interviewee: Jeringa Tribal Council
Interviewer: Baiba Irving

A meeting of the Jeringa Tribal Council was held at Orient Point, near Nowra, as part of agitation to prevent the loss of tribal land in the area. As a result of the campaign, a federal government allocation was made to improve housing and other facilities for Aborigines living at Orient Point. The recording also includes an interview with members of the Aboriginal Legal Service in Nowra. Transcript available.

B5 Father Terry Fox: Aboriginal land rights

1972-73. 70 minutes
Interviewee: Father Terry Fox.
Interviewer: Baiba Irving

A Roman Catholic priest at St. John Vianney Church at Fairy Meadow near Wollongong, Terry Fox was actively involved in assisting the Jeringa Aboriginal people at Orient Point near Nowra to gain land rights.

B6 Edward Daniel Purcell: coal mining on the South Coast

1902-52. 60 minutes
Interviewee: Edward Daniel Purcell.
Interviewers: Ann Young and George Young

E.D. Purcell was born at Mount Kembla near Wollongong and entered the coal mine there in 1907 at 14 years of age. Five years earlier he had witnessed the rescue operations that accompanied an explosion which killed ninety-six miners. His father and four uncles were employed in the mine at the time of the explosion. Throughout his life, he worked in a number of other South Coast coal mines including Wongawilli and Coalcliff.

B7 Various: Wollongong in the Depression

1928-40. 100 minutes.
Interviewees: Sally and Dave Bowen, Ada Salmon, Nancy King, Tom Royal, Ray James and Bill McDougal.
Interviewer: Dr Winifred Mitchell

With the exception of Bill McDougal, who was in Sydney, the interviewees were residents of the Illawarra district during the depression years of the 1930s. Their reminiscences of the period reflect the struggles of workers who were dependent on the local steelworks and coal mines for employment. Subjects discussed during the interview include the International Labour Defence, International Passport Prisoners' Association, the Unemployed Workers' Movement, the Women's Co-operative Guild, Workers' International Relief, the Militant Minority Movement, and Australian Iron and Steel Pty Ltd.

B8 Robert Gibson Heggen: unionism at the Metal Manufactures ltd.

1916-76. 180 minutes
Interviewee: Robert Gibson Heggen.
Interviewer: John Heininger

Mr. R.G. Heggen began his employment at Metal Manufactures Ltd, Port Kembla in 1936. He joined the Federated Ironworkers' Association which was then attempting to break the hegemony of the Australian Workers' Union as the representative of labour in the Works. From 1938 until his retirement in 1965, he was a Works' Delegate for the FIA. His reminiscences relate largely to the struggle to improve working conditions and establish efficient employer-employee relations.

B9 Leonard Boardman: unemployed workers' movement

1929-33. 40 minutes.
Interviewee: Leonard Boardman.
Interviewer: Heather Williamson

Mr. L. Boardman was secretary of the Coledale Branch of the Unemployed Workers' Movement until he gained employment as an organiser with the Australian Workers' Union in 1933. The Movement sought to assist unemployed workers, particularly those with families, survive during the Depression years of the 1930s. Subjects discussed also include the Communist Party of Australia, and the New Guard.

B10 Veronica Baird Fish: Coledale in the Depression

1929-34. 45 minutes
Interviewee: Veronica Baird Fish
Interviewer: Heather Williamson

V.B. Fish emigrated with her family from England in 1921 and settled at Coledale, south of Sydney, in 1929. Her father, Jack McCabe, worked as a coal miner until rendered unemployed by the Depression. As president of the Coledale Branch of the Unemployed Workers' Movement, he played a central role in organising relief for the unemployed of the village. Mrs. Fish assisted her father and until 1932 attended Wollongong High School, completing her secondary education.

B11 Daniel Timmins: Coledale and the Depression (item missing)

1931-39. 25 minutes.
Interviewee: Daniel Timmins.
Interviewer: Heather Williamson

Employed as a coal miner until 1939, Daniel Timmins lived in Coledale, south of Sydney, throughout much of the Depression. Due to the vagaries of the dole regulations, he was forced to leave his family and seek work elsewhere in the state. On his return to Coledale he joined the local branch of the Unemployed Workers' Movement.

B12 Albert Smith and Ray Elliot: "Dalfram dispute"

1938-39. 60 minutes
Interviewee: Albert Smith and Ray Elliot.
Interviewer: Annette Woods

A. Smith and R. Elliot were employed as dock workers on 14 November 1938 when the Waterside Workers' Federation refused to load iron ore onto the Japan bound vessel, 'Dalfram'. The then Attorney-General, Robert Menzies, went to Port Kembla to persuade workers to load the vessel. As a result of his advocacy of continued exports, Menzies earned the sobriquet of 'Pig-Iron Bob'. The dispute ended on 12 January 1939. The interview deals with the role of various parties such as BHP (Broken Hill Proprietary Ltd.) and Jim Healy. it also discusses aspects of the Depression, and various Waterside Workers strikes and lockouts at Port Kembla.

B13 Nicholas Branney: unionism at Australian Iron and Steel pty ltd (item missing)

1924-45. 45 minutes.
Interviewee: Nicholas Branney.
Interviewer: Robert Heggen

An employee of Hoskins' Iron and Steel Ltd at Lithgow, Nicholas Branney followed the Company when it began developing steelmaking facilities at Port Kembla in 1927. As such he was one of the first employees of Australian Iron and Steel Pty Ltd when it was established in 1928. He was also a committeeman of the Port Kembla Branch of the Federated Ironworkers' Association.

B14 Martin Rourke: farming at Barellan during the Depression

1929-33 30 minutes
Interviewee: Martin Rourke
Interviewer: Janet Rees

Martin Rourke operated a wheat and sheep property at Colinrubie near Barellan, NSW, during the Depression era of 1929-33. The interview describes aspects of rural life during that period.

B15 Neil Jones: the Depression in rural Victoria and urban Sydney

1929-33 20 minutes
Interviewee: Neil Jones
Interviewer: Janet Rees

Neil Jones was forced to sell his Gippsland, Victoria farm at the onset of the Depression. He moved to Sydney where he opened a delicatessen with his brother in Oxford Street.

B16 Joe Carter: Spanish Civil War 1936-39

1936-39 60 minutes
Interviewee: Joe Carter
Interviewer: John Shipp

Joe Carter was born at Port Hacking and later moved to Lithgow. His early working life was spent as a roustabout and bush worker around Moree. During the Depression he spent time in the unemployed camps at Mungindi and Lithgow. He joined the Communist Party at Lithgow and soon after moved to Port Kembla where he worked in the coke ovens and on the waterfront. Carter paid his own fare to Spain to join the International Brigade. At the end of the Spanish Civil War he returned to Australia and initially worked to raise money for Spanish relief. His later working life was spent largely as a waterside worker at Port Kembla.

B17 Bill Frame and Ted Arrowsmith: 1945 steel strike

1945-50 90 minutes
Interviewees: Bill Frame and Ted Arrowsmith
Interviewer: Dr Tom Sheridan

Bill Frame was secretary of the Port Kembla Branch of the Federated Ironworkers' Association in 1945 and Ted Arrowsmith was assistant secretary. The interview deals with the various strikes and lockouts affecting the steel industry during 1945. Companies concerned included Australian Iron and Steel Pty Ltd and BHP.

B18 Walter Bailey: Port Kembla waterfront

1930-39 80 minutes
Interviewee: Walter Bailey
Interviewer: Garry Griffiths

Walter Bailey worked on the Port Kembla waterfront for most of his working life. The interview makes reference to the Dalfram dispute of 1938-9 and the local branch of the Waterside Workers' Federation.

B19 Ray Elliott and Keith Johnson: Port Kembla waterfront during the Depression

1930s 90 minutes
Interviewees: Ray Elliott and Keith Johnson
Interviewer: Gary Griffith, 25-26 March 1980

Interviewed as part of a research project into the Port Kembla branch of the Waterside Workers' Federation during the 1930s.

B20 John Garber: peace movement

1930s-50s 120 minutes
Interviewee: John Garber
Interviewers: Heath Melton, Tracey Crump and Heidi Munger, 15 March 1984

At the time of the interview, Mr Garber was 70 years old, an ex-seaman and longtime activist in the Peace Movement.

B21 Rogera Merienne and Muriel Medcalf : immigration to Australia

1960s 120 minutes
Interviewees: Rogera Merienne and Muriel Medcalf
Regera Merienne arrived in Australia from Belgium around 1963 with her husband and three children. The interview deals with growing up in Belgium, especially the raising of children and differing attitudes towards males and females. it also concerns the arrival in Australia, attitudes towards migrants, effects on the family and changes in the way children were raised. Muriel Medcalf arrived from Belgium as a 3-year-old child in 1963 and subsequently married an Australian. The interview deals with growing up in Australia and attitudes towards migrants.

B22a Soledad Pacheco: immigration to Australia

1960s 60 minutes
Interviewee: Soledad Pacheco
Interviewer: Unknown, 8 December 1983

Soledad Pacheco arrived from Spain in 1975. The interview deals with problems in settling in Australia and attitudes towards raising children.

B22B Nadia Verucci: growing up in the Illawarra

1960s 60 minutes
Interviewee: Nadia Verucci
Interviewer: Unknown, 12 December 1983

Ms Verucci was born in Australia, though her parents and two sisters arrived from Italy in 1958. The interview deals with reasons for family migration, attitudes to migrants, problems of growing up in Illawarra, and attitudes to education, with all three daughters eventually going on to University.

B23 Various: children in wartime Wollongong

1939-45 15 tapes
Interviewees: Joan Graham (1), Vera Simpson (2), Sid Hayes (3), Mrs A. Jobson (4), Joe Henninger (5), A. Buttfield and B. Perry (6), Faye O'Donnell (7), Mrs Collard (8), Noel Hayes (9), Jeanette Whitehead (10), Lorraine Tubman (11), Lloyd Ring (12), Laurie Primmer (13), Dulcie Henninger (14), Reg Whitaker (15). 1981.
Interviewers: Pat Hocking, Sue Brown, Michelle New, Shadia Shalla, Nyrell Austin and Matt D'Arcy, 1982.

Interviews with Illawarra residents by Wollongong Institute of Education students as part of their `Education History' course. The interviews deal with aspects of growing up as in Illawarra during the period 1939-45.

B24 Elsie Risk: Port Kembla Salvation Army

n.d. 90 minutes

Interview with Elsie Risk and her daughter. Taken in 1983.

B25 Various: Wollongong University archives


Wollongong University Archives `Open Day' 1975. Recording of three information sessions: (1) Research Uses of Archives; (2) Educational Uses of Archives; (3) Collecting Data about the Illawarra Region.

B26 Vice-Chancellor Designate (L.M. Birt) views on AUC visit (item now U59/2/4)


Recording of Michael Birt's views on the occasion of the Australian Universities' Commissions' visit to the Wollongong campus on 11 September 1974.

B27 opening of Wollongong University College computer centre (item now U59/2/5)


Recorded on 12 September 1974.

B28 The pre-Depression era

Interviewee: Mrs Baxendale
Interviewers: Dawn and Kylie, 10 April 1987.

B29 The Depression

Interviewee: Mrs Fox
Interviewers: Betty Arsovska and Oli Karevska, 10 April 1987.

B30 Interview for Heritage Week

Interviewee: Mrs Merletto
Interviewer: Kate Proctor

B31 The Depression

Interviewee: Edna de Mastre
Interviewers: Slavica Jankovska and Natasha Ivaneza, 10 April 1987.

B32 The Depression

Interviewee: Mrs Ena Venables
Interviewer: Jimmy Kiotis and Billy Velkovski, 10 April 1987.

B33 The Depression

Interviewee: Daphne Flynn
Interviewer: Zan Anastovski, 10 April 1987.

B34 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Ms Eunice North
Interviewer: Anna Nastovska

B35 Unknown -? The Depression

Interviewee: Mr and Mrs Bandana
Interviewer: Alison McCrea.

B36 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Edwina Scott and Philomena Farrington
Interviewer: Unknown, 17 April 1986.

B37 The Depression

Interviewee: Mrs Elsie Gilbert
Interviewer: Zoran Mojanovski and Darren Nagy

B38 Unknown

Interviewee: Reverend Fox, Mrs Fox and Mrs Blaxendale
Interviewer: Julie Posetti, 17 April 1986.

B39 Immigration to Australia

Interviewee: T. Pacheo
Interviewer: Unknown, Warrawong High School, 6 December 1983.

T. Pacheo was a Spanish immigrant. The tape discusses Australian versus Spanish social mores.

B40 The Depression era

Interviewee: Reverend Fox
Interviewer: Tracy Iskra, Thirroul, 10 April 1987.

Reverend Fox discusses the experiences of a minister's family during the Depression.

B41 The Depression

Interviewee: Mrs B.L. Clegg
Interviewer: Phuong Nguyen, 10 April 1987.

B42 Reminiscences of Illawarra

Interviewee: Jack Maynes
Interviewer: Phillip Chaplin

B43 The Depression

Interviewee: Mr H. Bradford
Interviewers: Stephen Micallef and Nick Celakoski, 10 April 1987.

B44 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Maureen Ng
Interviewer: Nina Marzi, 17 April 1986.

B45 Reminiscences

Interviewee: ? Marzano
Interviewer: Unknown, Lake Heights, 9 December 1983.

B46 The Depression

Interviewee: Marie Burling
Interviewer: Milo Cesta-Incani, 10 April 1987.

B47 The Depression

Interviewer: Claudia Toseska, 10 April 1987.

B48 Reminiscences

Interviewee: John Garber
Interviewer: Kate Goodwin

B49 The Depression

Interviewee: Mrs Gwen DeClouett
Interviewers: Sonia Gazzolli and Michelle Loeberbauer, 10 April 1987.

B50 The Depression

Interviewee: Mrs Hannah Nethery
Interviewer: Mizadet Asonoska, 10 April 1987.

B51 Reminiscences interviewee: Eunice North

Interviewer: Pixi Wood

B52 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Dean Gibson
Interviewer: Tony Roy

B53 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Irene Farmer
Interviewer: Betty Spiskosic

B54 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Don Hodgson
Interviewers: Tome Cavdarouski and Peter Glavincevska, Keira High School

Mr Hodgson was 77 years old at the time of the interview, a resident at Coniston.

B55 Reminiscences

Interviewees: M. Moore; Miss Enid D'Abreu; G. Missingham; Mrs Lowers.
Interviewers: Allan Graham and Michael Williams, Keira High School

M. Moore was an immigrant to Wollongong, and Miss D'Abreu was a Christian immigrant from India.

B56 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Unknown
Interviewers: Lidia Sousa and Dora Scott, Berkeley High School.

B57 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Alice Dale
Interviewers: Sally Proctor and Robyn Morrison, Wollongong High School.

B58 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mrs S. Hall
Interviewers: Anita, Alice and Nicole, Corrimal High School.

B59 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Arthur Parkinson
Interviewers: Grant Hayes, Keiron McGlone and Graeme Collins, Corrimal High School.

Arthur Parkinson was a long time resident of Wollongong and a steel worker, born on 8 April 1918.

B60 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mr Thornton
Interviewers: Neshelle Phillips, Anna Slathis and Michelle Milbourne, Corrimal High School.

Mr Thornton was a journalist and artist. He lived in Sydney and speaks of his experiences during World War II.

B61 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Elsie Ailbert
Interviewer: Elisabeth Cuthbert, 17 April 1986.

B62 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Fred Weightman
Interviewer: Jaime Adlington

B63 Reminiscences

Interviewee: `Betty' of West Wollongong
Interviewers: Jenny Spyrou and Mirsada Hodzic, Berkeley High School.

B64 Reminiscences

Interviewees: Doug Winton and Ruth Winton (nee Tanko)
Interviewer: M. Lamb, St Michael's, Wollongong, 15 October 1983.

B65 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Erick Nethery
Interviewers: Stuart Bell and Stephen Walker, Wollongong High School.

Mr Nethery was interviewed at the University of Wollongong Senior Citizens' Day, on 15 March 1984. He was asked 25 set questions about his life.

B66 Reminiscences

Interviewee: J.B. Howchin
Interviewers: Andrew Patch and Geoff Potter, Wollongong High School.

Jack Howchin, then aged 71, was interviewed at the University of Wollongong Senior Citizens' Day, on 15 March 1984. He was asked 25 set questions about his life.

B67 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Kathleen Massey
Interviewer: Ilija Strezoski, Keira High School, 15 March 1983.

Mrs Massey was a retired librarian.

B68 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Margaret Digby
Interviewer: Milco Petrevsk, Keira High School.

Mrs Digby was 63 years old, and an ex-law court assistant.

B69 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Edna de Mestre
Interviewers: Della Fermor and Penny Flint, Wollongong High School.

B70 Reminiscences

Interviewee: N.B. Smith
Interviewers: David McFarand and Warrick Giddey, Keira High School.

Mr Smith was 75 years old at the time of the interview, and a former railway worker.

B71 Reminiscences

Interviewees: Bishop Harry Goodhew and Sheila Stockdale
Interviewer: Mark Lamb, St Michael's, Wollongong, 27 October and 1 November 1983.

B72 Reminiscences

Interviewees: Len Abbott, and Jack and Maurie Brierley
Interviewer: Unknown, St Michael's, Wollongong, 7 November 1983.

B73 Life in Illawarra


Interviewees: Mr and Mrs Welding and Mrs P. Barrett
Interviewer: T. Clout, 23 July 1982.

B74 Life in Illawarra


Interviewees: Mr and Mrs A. Taylor
Interviewer: T. Clout, 23 July 1982.

B75 Saint Vincent de Paul

Interviewees: Sid Hayes and Noel Wilson.
Interviewer: Unknown.

B76 Poetry reading

50 minutes

Presented by members of the Poets' Union and Illawarra Writers' Group, at the University of Wollongong `University Day' on 10 August 1979. [Formerly catalogued as A580]

B77 Michael Baume election song

2 minutes

18 October 1980. Michael Baume was elected MHR for Macarthur in 1975. [Formerly catalogued as part of C3]

B78 Life in Illawarra

Interviewee: Mr E.J. Harvey
Interviewer: Unknown, 6 February 1982.

B79 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Clive and Murial Owen
Interviewer: Unknown, 23 May 1983.

B80 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Bill McDougall
Interviewer: Unknown, 10 November.

B81 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Ted Arrowsmith (b.1901)
Interviewer: Unknown

B82 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Fred and Edna Kirkwood of Mount Kembla
Interviewer: Unknown

B83 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mr W. Frame, Balgownie
Interviewer: Unknown, 17 April 1984.

B84 Reminiscences

Interviewee: George Murray
Interviewer: Unknown, 12 April 1984.

B85 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mr and Mrs Norman Martin, Fairy Meadow
Interviewer: Shirley Nixon, 19 April 1984.

Deals with the FIA (Federated Ironworkers' Association).

B86 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Olive Howe
Interviewer: Shirley Nixon, 24 June 1983.

B87 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mr and Mrs Taylor
Interviewer: Unknown

B88 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Len Boardman, Thirroul
Interviewer: Shirley Nixon, February 1984.

B89 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mrs A. Salmon
Interviewer: Shirley Nixon, 28 February 1983.

Mrs Salmon was the widow of Paddy Salmon, who was active in the Wollongong ALP during the 1920s, and in the anti-eviction and free speech campaign. Mrs Salmon, born in 1899, took no part in his activities until he was arrested during the Depression.

B90 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Erne Bremel
Interviewer: Winifred Mitchell and Laurie Dillon, 16 March 1979.

Erne Bremel was a radical German seaman who spent some time in Wollongong as an activist in the unemployed movement during the Depression.

B91 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mr F. Ellis
Interviewers: Robert Sindevski and Elizabeth Stojkovska, 10 April 1987.

B92 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Mrs Francise Walsh
Interviewers: Leanne Hocking and Michelle Thomson, Corrimal High School.

Recorded as part of the University's Senior Citizens Week festivities. Mrs Walsh was 64 at the time of the interview. She arrived in Australia from England in 1950 and speaks of her time both in England and at Sydney and Wollongong.

B93 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Leo Bohackyj (Dennis)
Interviewer: P. Brownlee, 1 August 1994

Leo Bohackyj was born in Prague in 1927 of Ukrainian parents. He work in Bavaria between 1945-8, before emigrating to Australia in March 1949. he initially worked on the railways, and transferred to Lysaghts in 1950, remaining there for 30 years. He has lived in the Thirroul and Bulli area.

B94 North Queensland Labour history

A collection of tapes recorded by Noel Loos of the History Department, James Cook University, and others. Include:

1-2 North Queensland History Conference, June 1987 - Warren Bowden (1930s Depression, the AWU, Militant Minority Movement and Aborigines in the workforce); Jean Bowden - reminiscences. (2 tapes); 3 Jean Bowden - Telecommunications Union; 4-5 Dick Hoolihan - interviewed by Noel Loos, April 1972; 6 George Spyder and Willi Connors - interviewed by Noel Loos; 7 Jack Murate - interviewed by Noel Loos; 8 Warren Bowden on the history of the Militant Minority Movement in the 1930s and the Communist Party of Australia; Jim Henderson on the history of Fred Paterson. Interviewed 18 April 1994; 9 Warren Bowden - Reminiscences.

B95 Reminiscences

Interviewees: Frank and Lou Benson
Interviewer: Beth Hendricksen, 1984

Frank Benson arrived in Wollongong from Britain as a boy around 1911.

B96 Reminiscences

Interviewee: William Conrad
Interviewer: Beth Hendricksen, 1984

William Conrad arrived in Wollongong around 1925-6 to do the excavating by steam shovel for the construction of the steel works.

B97 Reminiscences

Interviewee: Emma "Nan" Tonagh, aged 90.
Interviewer: Michael Organ, 1999

Reminiscences of growing up in San Souci, living in Port Kembla from 1927, and seeing silent film.

B98 Teachers Federation in Illawarra during the 1950s

Interviewees: Horrie Ford, Bill Claridge, Vince Tobin, Jim Dombrovski
Interviewer: Gerry Greene

Interviews with local teachers involved in the Teachers Federation during the 1950s. 3 tapes.

D153 Various: growing up in the Illawarra (79 tapes)

Oral history tapes compiled in association with the publication of the book Growing Up in the Illawarra in 1984. Interviews include:

Frank Arkell, Joan Ausburn, Dr. Ken Ausburn, Betty Baker, David Bowen, Avis Bright, Avis Bright, Ces Bright, June Burton, Joyce Campbell, Roy Coltman, Tony Conlon, Alf Critcher, Joyce Critcher, West Hapgood, Doug Harrigan, Mr. A.W. Hurt, Eileen James, Nellie Jones, John Klower, Sandra Lee, Adriana Lucato, Ivano Lucato, Brian Mannix, Arthur Marshall, Mr. E. McAlear, Patricia McAlear, Molly McGoldrick, Diane Murphy, Arthur Rees, Albert Ring, Ted Roach, John Ruperto, Judith Ruperto, Bill Seery, Jean Snedden, Michelle Sterling, Bill Waldron, David Waters, Judith Weston, Sue Zweep

D158 Various: History of Illawarra churches (25 tapes)

D193 R.C. Jones reminiscences, 1 tape