HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

MODULE 5: RESPECT

PART A:
Achievement Test

The following questions are designed to enable you to show that you have understood the essential ethical features of the value and principle of respect that is used in the National Statement.

Feedback is provided on your answers. Where this indicates that you have not selected the optimal answer, you will be directed to review this Part and answer the question a second time.

A1. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the value of respect for human beings that is used in the National Statement?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

Respect requires fully recognising the capacity of people to make their own decisions


This is not the best answer.

-

Respect requires fully recognising the autonomy of people and protecting those who lack autonomy

This is not the best answer.

-

Respect requires recognising the innate humanity of people and abiding by all of the key values of human research ethics

This is the best answer.


A2. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the meaning of consent to participation in human research used in the National Statement?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

The voluntary and fully decision to participate.


This is not the best answer.

-

A decision that is voluntary and based on sufficient information about, and an adequate understanding of, the research and participation in it.

This is the best answer.

-

A voluntary decision that is free of coercion and is comprehensively informed about the research.

This is not the best answer.


A3. Which of the following statements most accurately describes what is, according to the National Statement, ethically unacceptable about payments to research participants?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

Any reimbursement or payment to participants is ethically unacceptable.


This is not the best answer.

-

Payments that are disproportionate to the contribution of participants are ethically unacceptable.

This is not the best answer.

-

Payments that are more than reimbursement and are disproportionate and are likely to encourage participants to take risks are ethically unacceptable.

This is the best answer.