HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: JUSTICE

PART C:
Achievement Test

The following questions are designed to enable you to show that you have understood the essential features of how the National Statement draws on and applies the value and principle of justice.

Feedback is provided on your answers. Where this indicates that you have not selected the optimal answer, you will be directed to review this Part and answer the question a second time.

C1. Which of the following states most accurately the concept of vulnerability used by the National Statement?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

any participant who has a below average resilience

This is not the best answer.

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any participant in a recognised category in need of additional ethical consideration because of young age, dependence or impaired capacity

This is the best answer.

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any participant who lacks the capacity for communicaton

This is not the best answer.

C2. Which of the following statements most accurately and comprehensively describes the concept of justice in the National Statement?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

that all participants are treated equally

This is not the best answer.

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that all participants who bear the burdens of research are entitled to a share of the benefits of the research

Although this is substantially correct, it is not the best answer. The National Statement adds one other element to the concept.

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that all people, whether vulnerable or not, are entitled to participate in research, bear a share of its burdens and have access to a share of its benefits.

This is the best answer.

C3. Where research involves participants from specific cultures, for example, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples or people overseas, how does the National Statement ensure that their participation is just?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

the National Statement requires ethical review bodies to rely on the informed opinions of experienced researchers

Although this may be relevant, it is not the best answer.

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the National Statement requires researchers and ethics review bodies to take account of and implement the expectations of those participants

This is the best answer.

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the National Statement requires that researchers and ethical review bodies impose its standards of justice

This is not the best answer.