HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: JUSTICE

PART B:
Achievement Test

The following questions are designed to enable you to show that you have understood how ethical aspects of justice typically arise in human research projects.

Feedback is provided on your answers. Where this indicates that you have not selected the optimal answer, you will be directed to review this Part and answer the question a second time.

B1. When reviewing a human research proposal, which is usually the most relevant information about its justice?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

the scientific design of the research

This is not the best answer.

-

the explanation of how the proposed participant population has been chosen to achieve the aims of the research

This is the best answer.

-

the description of the proposed participant population and how they will be recruited

This is not the best answer.

B2. Which of the following information about a proposed human research project is NOT essential to an assessment of its justice?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

how the risks of participation are justified by the intended benefits of the research

This is the best answer.

-

who the participants will be

This is not the best answer

-

what the intended benefits are and how they can be accessed

This is not the best answer.

B3. In a research project about the experiences of residents in a particular aged care facility, which of the following would be the weightiest factor in an ethical review body's consideration of the justice of the proposal?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

that the residents are, solely because of their older age, a vulnerable population

Although this may be relevant, it is not the best answer. The study population needs to be the residents of this facility.

-

that the residents are conveniently accessible

Although this may be relevant, it is not the best answer. Again, the study population needs to be the residents of this facility. There is no basis for comparing access to that of any other population.

-

that the residents have participated in several research studies in the previous six months

This is the best answer. There is at least a case for arguing that another project will add to existing burdens.