Checklist for content creators

Web accessibility checklist

Overall design and layout

  • Test with automatic tools and mobile devices at the minimum.
  • Page layout is simple, uncluttered, and consistent.

Page title

  • Every page has a relevant and descriptive title that reflects the topic on the page. The title of your page is the most important search engine optimisation (SEO) factor.
  • Page title is concise (around 70 characters).
  • Style follows UOW Editorial Style for titles/headings.


  • There is sufficient contrast of colours when placed next to, and on top of each other.

Readability and scannability

  • Content is written in plain language, free of jargon, figures of speech, idioms, and complicated metaphors.
  • Reading level is aimed at about Year 8 level - Check content reading level.
  • Sentences are short and concise.
  • There is no more than one long sentence per paragraph.
  • Headings are used to introduce content and provide a content outline.
    • Headings provide logical structure to content.
    • Headings are not used for visual design purposes (e.g. to make text big or bold).
    • Headings levels are not skipped.
    • No more than four levels of headings used.
    • Headings are not used on their own: they are always followed by associated content.
    • Headings must be styled in accordance with the editorial style guide for headlines.
    • Headings are in sentence style as per UOW Editorial Style.
    • There are no "faux" headings created by making normal paragraph text bold.
  • Sparing use of acronyms and abbreviations. Understanding Abbreviations SC 3.1.4 (WCAG) 
  • Text is left-aligned text for left-to-right languages / Right-aligned text for right-to-left languages.
  • Information does not depend on colour alone (e.g. the red text)
  • Information does not depend on sensory characteristics (e.g. middle row)
  • Check spelling and grammar.


  • Link text is text is meaningful out of context, unlike "read more" and "click here".
  • Link text is not the URL itself.
  • Links that open in new windows/tabs are labelled as such.
  • Links to files or documents have the file type indicated, and this indicator is a part of the link itself.


  • Lists are used to present groups of related items. A Bullet list is used when the sequence of items does not matter; e.g. list of ingredients for a cake.
  • Numbered list is used when the order of items matter; e.g. list of steps for making a cake.


  • Table header tags are present to help make pages navigable.
  • Tables are kept simple (no merging cells, no nesting of tables).
  • Tables are only used for tabular data and are not used to control the layout of the page.


  • All images have an alt attribute.
  • Decorative images have blank or empty alt text.
  • Alt text describes what the image is in this particular context.
  • Alt text is under 125 characters long (screen readers typically stop reading alt text at this point).
  • Meaningful alt text does not start with "Picture of ..." or "Image of ...".
  • Avoid images of text. 
  • Avoid images containing text.
  • Graphs, charts, maps, diagrams (complex images) are explained through extended alt text (long description) or text around them.
  • Images are optimised for the Web to ensure the shortest possible download times.


  • Accurate audio descriptions/transcripts for audio.
  • Audio does not automatically play.


  • Video does not autoplay.
  • Accurate closed captions and transcripts for video.
  • No seizure triggers present.
  • Making video and audio media accessible.
  • Auto-generated closed captions checked for accuracy.


  • Avoid documents for mobile and screen reader users.
  • Test with automatic tools at the minimum.