of palynological history
of palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic
to the National Parks and Wildlife Service:
palynological history may have already been lost as mining has
and is taking place in the widest and deeper peat sections of
the swamp ...Much palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic research
has still to be carried out in the swamp and further peat mining
will destroy the storehouse of information that is held within
the organic deposits.
to Emerald Peat:
Wingecarribee Swamp consists of 4 layers in order from
the surface with their radiocarbon dates for the lowest level
peat: 1840 BP
peat: 2520 BP
the upper layer of Fibrous peat is extracted in the mining operation...
attribute of peat swamps is their ability to preserve plant pollens
enabling scientists to gain information regarding past vegetation
and climate... Recovery of the pollen record is by way of cores
taken from the peat and then stored. The scientific record of
the pollen sequence at Wingecarribee swamp should be managed by
ensuring that there remains areas where cores can be obtained
in the future and that if required cores are taken from areas
which may be disturbed. In the light of the company's mine plan
there remain many areas of swamp undisturbed from which pollen
cores can be taken in the future. If cores are needed in areas
proposed to be extracted, the company will arrange to take those
cores for relevant scientists at the company's expense.
Parks and Wildlife Service, Submission to the Mining Wardens Inquiry
into Possible Renewal of Mining Leases for the Extraction of Peat
from Wingecarribee Swamp, 1997, Exhibit 23, pp. 8-12.
Ellison, Summary of Submissions by Emerald Peat Pty Ltd, 1997.