Landscape Art of the Illawarra Region of New South Wales 1770-1990

Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Catalogue of Works - Chronological by Artist

2.3: Colonial 1840 - 1860

1840

Maurice Felton (c1805-1842)

Maurice Felton is perhaps best known as a portrait painter, though he did produce a number of landscapes, including the following views at Balgownie and Tom Thumb's Lagoon, Illawarra, in 1840.

1. Balgownie House, Illawarra, Oct. 1840

Oil 18.4 x 28.5 ML349. Missing since 1973.

2. Tom Thumb's Lagoon 1840

Oil 34 x 57.4 Private

3. Mount Keira - a view painted on the estate of Captain James Shoobert 1840

W/C 25.5 x 36.4 ML V1B/Keira M/1

The third work listed above is possibly also by Felton, though attribution is uncertain. The Captain Shoobert mentioned was involved in the coastal trade between Illawarra and Sydney from 1828, before finally settling in the district near Mount Keira . As early as 1828 he had shown interest in mining the local coal seams, and was later to open the first coal mine at Illawarra in 1849. One of his Illawarra landscapes was reviewed in the Sydney Morning Herald during October 1841. References: Buscombe (1978), Kerr (1992), McDonald & Pearce (1988).

1840s

Joseph Backler (1813-1895)

1. Portrait of James Colley of Kiama

Oil 88 x 68 Grey 3/80. References: Bayley (1976), Kerr (1992), Craig (1982), Australian Antique Collector, July 1993.

1841-76

John Skinner Prout (1801-1876)

John Skinner Prout arrived in Sydney in December 1840 after a successful career in England . He was accompanied by his family and had imported a lithographic press with which he hoped to supplement his income as a professional artist and printer. In July 1841 he travelled by steamer to Broulee, on the New South Wales south coast near Ulladulla. During late December 1843 and early January 1844 he visited Wollongong , sketching both the neighbouring landscape and local Aborigines including Old Frying Pan and Yannah Wah. This took place just prior to his leaving New South Wales for Tasmania . Many of Prout's Illawarra landscapes were subsequently reproduced in Edwin Carton Booth's Australia Illustrated, published in London between 1873-76. The engravings are very fine reproductions of Prout's original watercolours. References: Booth (1873-76), Brown & Kolenberg (1986), Kerr (1992).

Broulee

1. Bush, Broulee July 41

P 24.2 x 16.2 DL PX49 f.9

2. Broulee, 80 miles south of Sydney

W/C 19.8 x 29.8 ML 389

3. Inner Harbour , Broulee

Lithograph 22 x 32.3 ML

4. Broulee

Engraving 18.4 x 21.4. Published in Booth, 1873-76, opposite p101. Engraved by T. Heawood.

Illawarra

5. Fairy Lake , Woolongong `Decr.29.43

W/C Private

6. Fairy Lake , New South Wales

W/C 26 x 36.7 Private. Illustrated Brown, July 1975.

7. Fairy Lake , New South Wales

Engraving 18.4 x 21.4. Published in Booth, 1873-76, opposite p154. Engraved by A. Willmore.

8. Tom Thumb's Lagoon, Illawara Jany 1st. 44

Pencil Private

9. Tom Thumbs Lagoon 1844

W/C 38 x 58 Private. Illustrated Christies, 28 July 1990 , cat 19, colour.

10. Tom Thumbs Lagoon, New South Wales

Engraving 18.4 x 21.4. Published in Booth, 1873-76, opposite p148. Engraved by E. Brandard .

11. Ferns & Cabbage Trees, Bulgonie - Illawarra – New South Wales , Jany.4.44

Pencil Private

12. The Southern Beach looking towards Woolongong, Illawara Jany 5.44

Pencil Private

13. Old Frying Pan, Wollongong Jan 6 1844

W/C & white 15.8 x 10 British Museum. Illustrated Brown & Kolenberg, 1986, p41.

14. Yanna Wah, Illawarra , New South Wales

W/C & white 23.8 x 17.3 British Museum

15. Fern & Cabbage Trees. Mount Keira. Illawara. NSW Jany 8.44

Pencil Private

16. Mount Kembla , Illawarra Jany 8th 44

P & White 16.2 x 24.2 DL PX49 f.4

17. Mount Keira , New South Wales , 1844

W/C & white 40 x 30 Allport Library

18. Mount Keira , New South Wales

W/C 36 x 26 DGD16 f.12. Illustrated McDonald, 1985, p57, colour.

19. Mount Keira , New South Wales

Engraving 18.4 x 21.4. Published in Booth, 1873-76, opposite p148. Engraved by A. Willmore. Illustrated Ritchie, 1989, p117.

20. Gully at Wollongong

W/C 36.8 x 27.2 DGD16 f.6. Illustrated McDonald, 1985, p56, colour; Ritchie, 1989, p91.

21 Gully at Woolongong

Engraving 18.4 x 21.4. Published in Booth, 1873-76, opposite p150. Engraved by T. Heawood.

22. Lake Illawarra , New South Wales

W/C & white 27.2 x 38.9 ML PXD75 f.5. Illustrated Brown & Kolenberg, 1986, p38.

23. Lake Illawarra , New South Wales

Engraving 18.4 x 21.4.. Published in Booth, 1873-76, opposite p151. Engraved by E. Brandard .

24. Native Encampment by Tom Thumb's Lagoon 1844

W/C 38 x 58 Private. Illustrated Christies, 28 July 1990 , cat 19, colour

25. Native Encampment

W/C 26.7 x 38.1 DG D16 f.5. Illustrated Watkins, 1984; Brown & Kolenberg, 1986, p40.

26. Native Encampment

Engraving 18.4 x 21.4. Published in Booth, 1873-76, opposite p164. Engraved by C. Cousen. Illustrated Ritchie, 1989, p31.

27. Wollongong Harbour

Lithograph 27.2 x 42.3 Private. View of Wollongong Harbour , no date.

1842-1905

Samuel Elyard (1817-1910)

Samuel Elyard was born in Sydney in 1817. As a young artist he was strongly influenced by both Conrad Martens and John Skinner Prout, turning from an early interest in portraiture to concentrating on landscapes. His family had settled in the Shoalhaven district during the 1830s and, after a somewhat erratic youth and career in the public service in Sydney, Samuel was to spend his latter years in the Shoalhaven painting and experimenting with photography. Throughout the 1840s Elyard produced numerous views around Sydney , but from the 1870s he concentrated on the Shoalhaven district. He was most at ease with watercolour. References: Watkins (1982), Kerr (1992), France (1988), Campbell (1989), Edwards & Gowing (1989).

1. Study - Coastal Forest 1842

P & wash 31 x 24 Private

2. Nowra 27 Apr. 56

W/C 27.6 x 45 DG*D15-5 f.46

3. Cruikhaven Creek, Nowra 1868

W/C 31 x 51 Christies 31/10/90 .

4. The Great Shoalhaven Flood 1870

W/C 34.5 x 72.4 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p34.

5. Terrara Church of England 1871

W/C 34 x 53 Shoalhaven

6. Native Gunyah Jan. 1871

W/C 32.3 x 50.3 AGNSW. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p37.

7. Graham Greenhills 6 a.m. looking S.W. Dec. 71

W/C 30.7 x 50.0 DG*D22 f.15

8. Mr Lovegrove's Residence, Terara Tu. 12 March 72

W/C 52.6 x 35.7 DG D22 f.24

9. From Stump near gate 7am . Nowra 29 Nov 72

W/C 27.1 x 28.8 DG*D15-2 f.44

10. Nowra Creek, N.S.W. 1872

W/C McClelland

11. Old Houses in Nowra c1873

W/C 28.6 x 51.3 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p35.

12. Alexander Berry's windmill, Coolangatta c1875

W/C 24 x 25.2 Private. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p44.

13. Old and new Roman Catholic churches, Nowra 12 Feb 77

W/C 23.8 x 48.8 DG D22 f.23

14. Nowra Presbyterian Church, North Street and Kinghorn Street 1877

W/C 32.8 x 64.6 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p5.

15. Presbyterian Church, Graham's Swamp in Foreground 1877

W/C 26.5 x 43 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p37.

16. Boats under Construction, end of Shoalhaven Street 1877

W/C 27.9 x 45.8 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p38.

17. Brown's Mill 1877

W/C 27.2 x 45.8 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p37.

18. Hole in the Wall, Jervis Bay 1877

W/C 27.2 x 44.2 Private. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p37.

19. The Old Lighthouse, Cape St George, Jervis Bay c1877

P 24.1 x 37 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p37.

20. The Old Lighthouse, Cape St George, c1877

W/C 24.1 x 37 Private

21. Cruikhaven River & 7 Mile Beach October 78

W/C 34.7 x 71.0 DG D22 f.13

22. At Yalwall, near Gold Reef on Daugera Creek 1878

W/C AGWA

23. Pilot Station, Crookhaven Heads c1878

W/C 28 x 52.1 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p47.

24. Moena, Mr David Berry's Brigantine 1879

W/C 30.5 x 41.8 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p39.

25. Shoalhaven River Bridge under Construction c1879

W/C 29 x 46 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p40.

26. Tory's House, Nowra 1880

W/C 35.4 x 52.4 DG D22 f.19

27. Scene of Nowra c1880

W/C 33 x 67.4 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p46.

28. Shoalhaven River at Nowra c1881

W/C 41 x 63.3 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p40.

29. Nowra June 1882

W/C 36.6 x 54.7 DG D5 f.10

30. Nowra Parsonage & School 23 Oct 83

W/C 28.8 x 47.8 DG*D22 f.14

31. Cordell Cottage 24 Sep. 84

W/C 26.7 x 26.4 DG*D22 f.13

32. White Cottage 1884

W/C 38.3 x 58.5 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p41.

33. The Gunyah 1884

W/C 23.2 x 36.6 DG*D22 f.5

34. Nowra Mill at Sunset c1885

W/C 31 x 51 Shoalhaven

35. Nowra Township c1886

W/C 35.6 x 71.2

36. Aboriginal Corroboree 1890

W/C Unknown. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p20.

37. Entrance to Shoalhaven River c1890

W/C 29 x 49 Shoalhaven

38. From Corner of R. & Showground look E. 7 Oct. 91

W/C 27.4 x 55.0 DG D22 v2 f.22

39. From Corner of R. & Showground look E. 7 Oct. 91

W/C 27.4 x 55.0 DG D22 v2 f.22v

40. Mr Green's Old Store 29th July 96

W/C 27.4 x 40.5 DG*D15-3 f.47

41. From Green Flat 20 Aug. 96

W/C 26.2 x 43.1 DG*D22 f.27

42. Nowra 29th Sep. 1896

W/C 31.2 x 48.4 DG*D22 f.10

43. Shoalhaven River , N.S.W. 1905

W/C & P AGWA

44. Worrigee Swamp , Shoalhaven

W/C AGWA

45. McArthur's store at Terrara c1871 (Greenhills Iron Store)

W/C 35.7 x 66.6 DG D22 v2 f.21

46. Shoalhaven River

W/C 19 x 24 Sothebys 4/86

47. Meroogal

W/C Meroogal

48. Farmhouse

W/C 18.3 x 31.1 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p41

49. The Island , Shoalhaven River

W/C 31 x 43 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p43

50. House below cliffs - McMahon's Point, Nowra North

W/C 39.4 x 58.5 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p44

51. Red Cottage, Nowra

W/C 35.6 x 53.4 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p45

52. Shoalhaven Riverbank

P & W/C 43.8 x 63.5 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p45

53. Scene of Nowra Township

W/C 36.9 x 68 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p46

54. View showing Methodist Ch., Woodhills E. Nowra

W/C 29.8 x 47.8 DG*D22 f.11

55. From N. end of a fence [Rectory of Church of England, Nowra]

W/C 27.1 x 44.0 DG*D22 f.8

56. Nowra, Green Hills Sawmills

W/C 33.0 x 60.4 DG D22 v2 f.20

57. Jervis Bay lighthouse

W/C 52.6 x 35.7 DG D22 v2 f.14

58. Farm House, Cabbage Tree Creek, Shoalhaven River

W/C 38.4 x 55.3 DG D22 v2 f.15

59. Cape St. George lighthouse, Jervis Bay

W/C 45.5 x 71.2 DG D22 v1 f.3

60. Cambewarra Mts. & Farm, Nowra Bridge in distance

W/C 36.6 x 52.4 DG D22 v2 f.7

61. Cambewarra Mt. & Farms

W/C 35.7 x 52.4 DG D22 v2 f.16

62. Old Houses in Nowra ... from nature

W/C 35.7 x 50.8 DG D22 v2 f.18

63. Gunyah

W/C 23 x 32 Shoalhaven. Illustrated Watkins, 1982, p42

64. Shoalhaven landscape

W/C 25 x 39 AAA, 11/83

1843-47

J. Browne (1822-1875)

Not much is known of the artist J. Browne apart from the information gleaned from his album of pencil and wash sketches in the Mitchell Library (ML PXA1689). From that album we know that he was at Twofold Bay in 1843 and 1847; at Tasmania in 1845-6 and 1851; and on the Victorian goldfields during 1852. Sketches of Candelo, Wolumla, and Kamaruka (all located on the far South Coast , between Bega and Twofold Bay ) are also included. Browne appears to have worked briefly with the artist Oswald Brierly, who was superintendent at Twofold Bay . The numerous highly detailed drawings of Aborigines contained in his sketchbook also thought to be from the Twofold Bay - Bega area. References: Kerr (1992).

1. Eden , Twofold Bay, Ben Boyd's Whaling Boats

W/C 19.8 x 33.9 DG SV1B/38

2. Fish caught in Twofold Bay ... Augt. 1843

W/C ML PXA1689 f.117

3. Bay whaling, Twofold Bay Australia

P ML PXA1689 f.24. Similar to a work by Oswald Brierly.

4. Tororaqua Twofold Bay 1843

P ML PXA1689 f.25

5. Twofold Bay

P ML PXA1689 f.26

6. Coastal scene, Twofold Bay ?

P ML PXA1689 f.27

7. Twofold Bay

P ML PXA1689 f.28

8. Tarrumbullima Twofold Bay 1847

P ML PXA1689 f.29. The residence of Oswald Brierly.

9. Near Candalo

P ML PXA1689 f.31

10. Candalo

P ML PXA1689 f.32

11. Candalo

P ML PXA1689 f.33

12. Wolumla

P ML PXA1689 f.34

13. Woolshed Kamaruka

P ML PXA1689 f.35

14. Kamaruka

P ML PXA1689 f.36

15. Tarraginda

P ML PXA1689 f.37

16. Maneroo

P ML PXA1689 f.53

17. Kurre djer Bark Canoe ... Twofold Bay

P & W/C ML PXA1689 f.61

18. Horsemen talking with Aborigines

P ML PXA1689 f.5

19. Aborigines with spears at waterside

Ink & wash ML PXA1689 f.52

20. Aboriginal women fishing

P ML PXA1689 f.54

21. Aborigines' camp

P ML PXA1689 f.55

22. Aborigines in humpeys

P ML PXA1689 f.56

23. Aborigines with spears climbing rocks

P ML PXA1689 f.57

24. Aborigine hunting in bush

P ML PXA1689 f.58

25. Australia - white man sleeping in humpy

P ML PXA1689 f.59

26. Aborigines fishing from canoes

P ML PXA1689 f.60

27. Aborigines in canoe fishing

P ML PXA1689 f.62

28. Aborigines in forest making spears

P ML PXA1689 f.63

29. Aborigines' camp - men carving

P ML PXA1689 f.64

1843-49

Georgiana Lowe (1813-1884)

Georgiana Lowe, the wife of barrister and politician Robert Lowe, initially visited Illawarra between March-May 1843 during a holiday with her then ailing husband. She found the area so enchanting that she continued to travel to Illawarra intermittently until leaving the Colony early in 1850. It is said she would ride all the way from her property at Bronte to Illawarra, a distance of over 50 miles. Being a keen gardener, Georgiana was especially attracted by the exotic flora of the district, and the artist in her relished the picturesque, mountainous landscapes near Wollongong and in Kangaroo Valley . Her views of Illawarra are executed in pencil, sepia wash, and watercolour. All the works are located in Georgiana's Album of watercolours and pencil sketches, Mitchell Library C390. References: M. Organ (1988), Kerr (1992).

1. Illawarra [view from near Mt Keira Lookout]

W/C 36.5 x 26.4 ML C390 f.8

2. Jordan Creek

W/C 28.7 x 20.4 ML C390 f.10b

3. St Vincent , New South Wales Mr. Lowe's Constituency

W/C 24.6 x 34.6 ML C390 f.24. Illustrated Art & Australia, Winter 1980, p357

4. Mt Keira from Dr Osborne's House near Woolongong

W/C 26.5 x 36.6 ML C390 f.26

5. Gigantic Lilly, Illawarra

W/C 26.4 x 36.6 ML C390 f.27

6. Berrima 50 miles from Sydney [ Fitzroy Falls ?]

Wash 26.4 x 36.6 ML C390 f.28

7. Illawarra [showing settler's hut by Lake Illawarra ]

W/C 17.5 x 26.4 ML C390 f.29b

8. [Landscape, Illawarra]

W/C 20.4 x 28.5 ML C390 f.30b

9. Kembla, Illawarra [showing settler's hut]

W/C 16.9 x 26.0 ML C390 f.31a. Illustrated Henderson , 1983, p127

10. Keera, Illawarra [showing settler's hut]

W/C 16.9 x 26.1 ML C390 f.31b. Illustrated Henderson , 1983, p74

11. Illawarra Lake , N.S.W.

P 16.9 x 26.1 ML C390 f.33b

12. Illawarra [Entrance to Blowhole]

W/C 18 x 26.3 ML C390 f.34a

13. St Vincent , Arralewin [Araluen?] Mr Stokes [settler's establishment]

W/C 13.5 x 22.4 ML C390 f.42a

14. Illawarra

W/C 13.6 x 20.5 ML C390 f.42b

15. Aireen Galla, Kangaroo Grounds, April 2nd 1843 , N.S.W.

P 28.8 x 20.4 ML C390 f.43a

16. Palm Tree, Illawarra

W/C 26.1 x 17.0 ML C390 f.46a. Illustrated Ritchie, 1989, p110

17. Brush, Balgonie, Illawarra

W/C 28.7 x 20.5 ML C390 f.47a

18. Aireen Galla, Kangaroo grounds, N.S.W. 350ft

W/C 28.7 x 20.5 ML C390 f.48a

19. Illawarra

W/C 13.4 x 20.5 ML C390 f.51b

20. Illawarra

W/C 20.4 x 14.5 ML C390 f.53a

21. Kangaroo grounds [showing people near huts]

W/C 14.3 x 20.5 ML C390 f.54a

22. Kangaroo grounds [showing house in distance]

W/C 14.3 x 20.5 ML C390 f.54b

23. Woolongong, N.S.W. [showing several houses]

W/C 17.0 x 25.5 ML C390 f.60

24. Kangaroo Grounds, Illawarra, N.S.W.

W/C 20.5 x 28.6 ML C390 f.68a

25. Illawarra, N.S.W. [showing settler's hut]

W/C 16.9 x 26.0 ML C390 f.68b

26. Stockade, Illawarra

W/C 16.9 x 25.7 ML C390 f.69b. Illustrated Henderson , 1983

27. Woolongong [showing settler's hut]

W/C 17.0 x 26.3 ML C390 f.71a

28. Cooloongatta, Shoalhaven

W/C 18.5 x 26.3 ML C390 f.71b

1843-67

Oswald Brierly (1817-1894)

Oswald Brierly was superintendent of Benjamin Boyd's whaling establishment at Twofold Bay during the early 1840s. He was a competent artist, and Twofold Bay works by him with Aboriginal and marine subjects.Landscapes of the area are also included in the Mitchell Library volume. References: Thomas (1988), Campbell (1989), Edwards & Gowing (1989).

1. Mafra - Maneroo, N.S.W.

P ML PXD81 f.2

2. Plains of Maneroo

P ML PXD81 f.3

3. Rocks at Tororoga, Twofold Bay

P ML PXD81 f.4

4. Australian Gin Twofold Bay June 29th 1843

P ML PXD81 f.5

5. Char-ree-uerro Twofold Bay Sept 5 1843

W/C ML PXD81 f.6

6. Twofold Bay Canoe

P ML PXD81 f.8

7. Budingbro, Chief of Twofold Bay Tribe, N.S.W.

W/C ML PXD81 f.9. Reproduced Dutton, 1974, plate 54, b/w.

8. Twofold Bay - Native Canoe

W/C ML PXD81 f.10

9. Mur-rowra Esqr. Bundyang

P ML PXD81 f.11

10. Aborigines seated in a canoe

P ML PXD81 f.12

11. Aboriginal woman in canoe offering fruit

P ML PXD81 f.13

12. Sketch map of Twofold Bay

P & ink DG D19 f.3

13. Camp Beermuna , Twofold Bay, Decr. 16th 1842

P 22 x 40.7 DG D19 f.4

14. Camp 2 Jany. 43

P 12.7 x 20.2 DG D19 f.5

15. Toby's Gin, Twofold Bay, Jany 9th 1843

P & W/C 23.3 x 18.6 DG D19 f.6

16. Fish caught in Twofold Bay , Australia

W/C 19.9 x 31.9 DG D19 f.7

17. Amateur whaling, or A Tale of the Pacific 1847

W/C 47 x 95.7 Private. Based on an event off Twofold Bay . Illustrated Thomas, 1988, p59; Jones, 1988, p122; Campbell, 1989, p33

18. Whalers off Twofold Bay 1867

W/C & gouache 86.3 x 147.7 AGNSW

19. The Wanderer off Twofold Bay

W/C Pickles 11/77

1843-59

James W. Waugh & A.H. Waugh

The Waugh's were settlers in the Kiama district in the 1840s. James W. Waugh was at one time manager of the Woodstock Mills, Jamberoo. His brother David Lindsay Waugh purchased the Waugh Hope property at Jamberoo in 1845. In his Illawarra Sketches c1843-1850, Mitchell Library A828 (CY Reel 812). Reference: McCaffrey (1924), Henderson (1983), Kerr (1992).

1. The Jamberoo Omnibus James Waugh 1843

Ink ML A828. Illustrated Kerr (1992).

2. Terragong Cottage, Kiama - Jamberoo Road

P ML A828

3. From Back of Waugh Hope House in 1849 looking to the swamp

P ML A828

4. Jamberoo about 1850

P ML A828

5. View of Jamberoo about 1850

P ML A828

6. Timbering 1850

W/C ML A828

7. Waugh Hope 1850

W/C ML A828

8. View in front of Mr Mackie's house 1850, where the Catholic Church is now [Kiama beach]

W/C ML A828

9. Presbyterian Church and English Church , Jamberoo

P ML A828

10. Residence of J. Graham, Waugh Hope A.W. 1859

P ML A828

11. Waugh Hope 1850

P ML A828

12. In front of Waughope ... 1850

P ML A828

13. Waughope

P ML A828

14. Illawarra scene c1850

P ML A828

15. Fig Tree, from nature 1850

W/C ML A828

16. Illawarra scene c1850

W/C ML A828

17. Illawarra scene c1850

W/C ML A828

18. Comberton Grange

W/C ML A828

1845-65

George French Angas (1822-1886)

G.F. Angas arrived in Australia in 1843, residing in South Australia for a number of years prior to moving to New South Wales . Between July-September 1845 he made his first excursion to Illawarra, sketching the cabbage palms in the vicinity of Dapto and describing the visit in his book Savage Life and Scenes in Australia and New Zealand (1847). Angas returned to the district in 1851 when he was employed as Secretary of the Australian Museum , Sydney , and also visited Kiama in 1854. Angas was a travel-artist in the mould of Augustus Earle. He travelled widely and was strong on both figures and landscapes, especially enjoying the lush vegetation and picturesque scenery of Illawarra. References: McCulloch (1968), Tregenza (1980), Kerr (1992), Ritchie (1989).

1. Valley of Dapto , Illawarra, NSW [1845]

P 25 x 35 NLA R6390

2. Dapto [Mr Jessett's Station] 1845

W/C 22 x 31.5 Private. Illustrated Tregenza, 1980, p63

3. Bangalow palm & young tree fern, Illawarra [1845]

W/C 31.7 x 22.8 AGSA. Illustrated Tregenza, 1980, p62

4. Dapto, Illawarra, NSW [1845]

P 25 x 33 NLA R6559

5. Cabbage Palms, Dapto, Illawarra, N.S.Wales [1845]

P 34 x 25 NLA R6560. View of Aborigines climbing cabbage palms.

6. Cabbage Palms, Dapto, Illawarra [1845]

W/C 32.8 x 23.5 AGSA. Illustrated McDonald & Pearce, 1988, p145

7. Dapto Illawarra , New South Wales - Mr Jesset's Station [1847]

Lithograph 27 x 22.3 WCL. Frontispiece to volume 2 of Savage Life and Scenes in Australia and New Zealand.

8. Cabbage Palms in Mr Jessett's Forest , Dapto, Illawarra, N.S.Wales. May 9th 1851

P 25 x 35 NLA NK305. Illustrated Ritchie, 1989, p48

9. Valley of Dapto , Illawarra, NSW. May 10 1851

P 25 x 35 NLA R6391

10. Dapto Mill [and Brown's Hotel], Mullett Creek 15th May 1851

P 25 x 35 NLA R6388. See NLA R6563 for watercolour version.

11. Dapto Mill [and Brown's Hotel], Mullett Creek

Watercolour 25 x 35 NLA R6563

12. Fig Tree bridge & Mt Kierah, Illawarra 16th May 1851

P 25 x 35 NLA R6389

13. Kiama Dec 29 1854

P 20 x 27 NLA R6387. Illustrated McDonald & Pearce, 1988, p151

14. Illawarra Scenery - A Tear for Israel

Lithograph 27 x 22 ML SV1B/I11a. J. Allan, Sydney .

15. Illawarra Forest Scenery [1865]

Engraving. Published in Australia , A Popular Account... (London, 1865, 116). Illustrated Ritchie, 1989, p12. ML 980.1A.

16. The Valley of Dapto , Illawarra, N.S.W. [1865]

Engraving. Published in Australia , A Popular Account... (London, 1865, 119).

17. Forest scene on the Illawarra Mountains , New South Wales

Engraving. Illustrated London News , 22 February 1868 , p185.

c1845

Colonel Charles Hamilton Smith (1776-1859)

1. Dapto, Illawarra

Wash 32.5 x 40.2 NLA T2081. This work is possibly a copy of G.F. Angas's `Dapto [Mr Jessot's station] 1845' - see above. References: McDonald (1984), Kerr (1992).

c1845

Unidentified

1. Entrance to a Harbour, with Aborigines in a mia- mia

Oil 55 x 113 DL6. Supposedly a view from the vicinity of Mount Keira, looking east towards the Pacific Ocean, and showing the harbour and town of Wollongong. This work was formerly attributed to George French Angas, though overpainting has occurred and this attribution seems unlikely. The landscape portrayed is possibly a combination of a number of Illawarra elements. Reference: Dixson Library note - DL6n.

1846-50

Mrs Godfrey Mundy

Mrs Mundy resided in Australia between 1846-50, during the period of her husband's (Colonel Godfrey Mundy) occupancy of the post of Adjutant-General of Australia. The Mundy's travelled widely throughout New South Wales during this time, and the Colonel published an account of these travels upon his return to England . Titled Our Antipodes ( London , 1853) they present a lively view of life in the Colony just prior to the goldrushes. Mrs Mundy was a proficient artist, producing numerous illustrations for her husband's book. References: McCulloch (1968), Kerr (1992).

1. Illawarra, a salt lagoon

Lithograph 13 x 12 WCL

2. View on the mountain road

Lithograph 12.2 x 19 WCL

1850s

Unidentified

1. Bay, Illawarra

Wash 18 x 29 NLA T2078

2. Illawarra

Wash 19 x 25 NLA T2077

1851

Rebecca Martens (1838-1909)

Rebecca was the daughter of the artist Conrad Martens. Around 1851 she apparently copied some of her father's sketches of Illawarra as executed in 1835, though it is also possible she made a visit to the area. Reference: Lindsay (1920), Kerr (1992).

1. Illawarra Lilly and Seaforthia

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.2

2. Illawarra, a view in a forest

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.3

3. Nettle Tree and Cabbage Palms

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.7

4. Nettle Tree

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.8

5. Fern Tree, Illawarra

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.9

6. Figtree

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.11

7. Cabbage Palms

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.13

8. View of tree ferns in a forest, 20 Feb

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.15

9. View of tree ferns in a forest, 20 Feb

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.18

10. View of tree ferns in a forest, 26 Feb

P 12.4 x 20.3 DL PX33 f.19

1851

John Rae (1813-1900)

John Rae specialized in panoramic streetscapes, producing a large number of the Sydney area. They are simple, workmanlike pieces, yet of immense historical importance and almost photographic in their detail. Reference: McDonald (1985), McDonald & Pearce (1988), Kerr (1992).

1. Wollongong 1851 [Folded streetscape in two parts]

W/C i 22 x 27, ii 23.5 x 33 DGA7. Illustrated in part Piggin, 1984

1852-53

James Grey Sawkins

Sawkins was interested in both the Illawarra landscape and Wollongong town, depicting the harbour works and local hotel, along with the normal views of the escarpment and Tom Thumb's Lagoon. Reference: Kerr (1992).

1. Harbour at Wollongong

W/C 18.3 x 26.7 DL PXD10 f.88

2. Wollongong Hotel

W/C 18.5 x 27.5 DL PXD10 f.89

3. Tom Thumb's Lagoon, Wollongong N.S.W.

W/C 17.8 x 26 DL PXD10 f.90

4. River Para or Fairy Creek entrance, looking north

W/C 18 x 26 DL PXD10 f.91

1853

Lord Henry Scott Montagu (1832-1905)

Lord Henry Scott was a young English Lord who visited Australia in 1853 with his friend Lord Schomberg Kerr and tutor Reverend Henry Stobart. Stobart kept a journal of the trio's adventures throughout New South Wales and Queensland , noting their visit to Illawarra in May, 1853. Lord Scott later took on the name Montagu, and purchased a number of works from Conrad Martens whilst in the Colony, including a view of Illawarra. References: De Vries-Evans (1982), Mitchell Library, Kerr (1992).

1. Illawarra, NSW, May 1853

W/C ML SSV*SpColl/Gen 22

1853

John Frederick Korff

 1. Wollongong Harbour , 1853

P 18 x 25.5 Private

2. Tom Thumb's Lagoon Oct 25th 1853

P 18 x 25.5 Private

3. Jervis Bay

W/C 14.3 x 23.2 Private. From his Album of Views of Moreton Bay, Mitchell Library copies at f.38b, f36b, f.43.

Reference: Kerr (1992).

1853

William Leigh

1. Dapto Illawarra Sep 26 /53

P & W/C 14.7 x 24.1 ML PXA1988 f.10

2. Lake Illawarra looking south Sepr 26 /53

P & W/C 14.3 x 23.9 ML PXA1988 f.8

3. View from Mount Keira Road Sep 27/53

P & W/C 24 x 15 ML PXA1988 f.11

4. Lake Illawarra from Mount Keira

P & W/C 14.9 x 24.0 ML PXA1988 f.9

5. Near Denham Court Campbelltown Oct 1 /53

P & W/C 15 x 23.8 ML PXA1988 f.7

Reference: Kerr (1992).

1853

Illustrated Sydney News

This was one of the first newspapers in New South Wales to regularly feature views of various towns, districts, events, and individuals. It initially appeared between 1853-55, and again from 1864. Most views were reproduced from wood or metal engravings, and many were unattributed. This type of reproduction reached its peaked in popularity in the 1880s when large birds-eye views of towns such as Sydney , Newcastle , and Wollongong were published as supplements. From the late 1880s onwards photographs and colour printing became more common and accessible, gradually replacing the "illustrated" newspaper. The Town and Country Journal and Sydney Mail also produced similar illustrations. The following Illawarra view appeared in 1853:

1. View of Dapto

17 December 1853 p1.This view is similar to a George French Angas watercolour listed above.

1854

Illustrated Sydney News

1. Royal Marine Hotel, Wollongong (Advertisement)

25 November 1854 p396, 2 December 1854 p415.

1854

Caroline Louisa Atkinson (Calvert) (1834-1872)

Caroline Atkinson, artist, writer, and botanist, is more famous for her novels and skills as a botanist rather than as an artist. She was a resident of Berrima, on the Southern Highlands . Her sketchbooks contained highly detailed drawings of native flora and fauna, plus some landscapes. References: Kerr (1992), Campbell (1989).

1. Five Islands , Wollongong

W/C 15.9 x 22.8 ML A4501

2. Entrance to Mount Keira Coal Mine, Illawarra, NSW

Engraving 20 x 16 NLA U793. Reproduced in The Illustrated Sydney News.

1854

Walter George Mason

Illawarra views were published in his Australian Picture Pleasure Book ( Sydney , 1857). They were largely plates taken from the Illustrated Sydney News:

1. View of the town of Wollongong , Illawarra, NSW

Engraving 12 x 18 NLA U795

2. Entrance to Mount Keira Coal Mine, Illawarra, NSW

Engraving 20 x 16 NLA U793

3. View of Dapto, Illawarra, NSW

Engraving 12 x 20 NLA U797

1854

John Vine-Hall (1813-1892)

1. Port of Wollongong Oct, 1854

P 8 x 34 ML PXA4461-2 f.11v. Illustrated Piggin, 1984

References: Piggin (1984), Kerr (1992).

1855-61

Mary Charlotte Denison

Illawarra works appear in her album of Views of NSW, Norfolk Island & Moreton Bay 1855-61 , Dixson Gallery. Mary was the daughter of Sir William Charles Denison, governor of Tasmania (1846-54) and New South Wales (1855-61). References: ADB (1969), Kerr (1992).

1. Wollongong , N.S.W.

W/C DG*D4 f.23

2. Wollongong , NSW

Wash DG*D4 f.25

3. Beach, Wollongong

W/C DG*D4 f.26

1855

Illustrated Sydney News

1. View of Wollongong , with the Five Islands in the distance

17 February 1855 p70. Illustrated Piggin, 1984, p50

2. A Coast Scene near Illawarra

17 March 1855 p118

3. Mount Keira Coal Mine, near Wollongong

14 April 1855 p173

4. View of Kiama Harbour

28 April 1855 p204

5. View at Illawarra

12 May 1855 p239. Repeat of `View of Dapto' from 17 December 1853

1855-63

Frederick Casemero (Charles) Terry (1826-1869)

F.C. Terry was a watercolourist in the manner of Conrad Martens and G.F. Angas, working in New South Wales in the 1850s and 60s. He was especially attracted to the lush vegetation of Illawarra, producing a number of untitled works typical of the area apart from those mentioned above. References: Moore (1934), McCulloch (1968).

1. View of Wollongong 1855

W/C ML V*SpColl Terry/1

2. View from the Bulli Pass , South Coast 1863

W/C 53 x 82 WCG. Illustrated Sothebys, 22 October 1986

3. An Illawarra Scene

W/C 34.1 x 54.6 ML V*SpColl Terry/5. Illustrated Ritchie, 1989, p80

4. Pioneers, Illawarra c1855

W/C 15.5 x 25 Sothebys 11/90

1855

W. Swainson

Swainson worked mainly in New Zealand during the 1840s, and visited Australia around 1853-5. References: Chris Deutscher sales catalogue (July 1979), Mitchell Library.

1. Roots of the Figtree Bridge , 1855

P 12.5 x 18.5 Private. Illustrated Deutscher, July 1979

2. American Creek, Mount Keera , Illawarra N S Wales 1855

P 12.2 x 18 Private. Illustrated Deutscher, July 1979

3. Revine of Mount Kembla , Illawarra, N.S.W. 1855

P 12.2 x 18 Private. Illustrated Deutscher, July 1979

1855

Rachel Biddulph Henning (1826-1914)

Rachel Henning, writer and amateur artist, was in Illawarra between 1855-56 and during the 1870s, when she lived at Springfield , Dapto. Though a capable sketcher, she found the local landscape boring and refrained from producing many such works. The following works are reproduced in the 1986 Angus & Robertson edition of The Letters of Rachel Henning. References: Kerr (1992), Adams (1986).

1. Elladale Cottage, Appin

P Private

2. Earnscliff, Illawarra

W/C Private

3. Plan of Springfield

P Private

1858

Joseph Selleny (1824-1875)

Joseph Selleny was an Austrian artist who travelled the Pacific during 1857-59 with the frigate Novara , briefly visiting Illawarra in 1858. References: Weullerstorf-Urbair (1861-3); Mitchell Library; Walsh (1990).

1. Australia , M. Keira, near Waldren husbands coal mine 20 Nov [Mount Keira, near Osborne Wallsend Mine 1858]

W/C & P 35.6 x 51.3 WCG

2. Mount Keira , Woolongong

W/C & P 35.5 x 51.1 WCG

3. Wolongang Landschaft, Australien

P 11.5 x 31.6 NLA

1859

Eugen von Guerard (1811-1901)

Eugen von Guerard (also commonly spelt ` Eugene ') arrived in Melbourne in 1853 in search of fame and fortune on the Victorian goldfields. Failing to find it, he turned to his true profession of artist, travelling widely throughout Victoria in search of commissions. Von Guerard journeyed to New South Wales in November-December 1859, visiting Illawarra, the Blue Mountains , and Sydney . His Illawarra visit included sketching at Wollongong , American Creek near Figtree, Jamberoo, and Kiama. Von Guerard was obviously impressed with the lush Illawarra forests, especially those localities containing large, ancient figtrees enmeshed in a cover of vines and creepers. He work is noted for its fine, almost microscopic detail. References: McCulloch (1968), Bruce (1980), Clark & Whitelaw (1985).

1. Wollongong 3rd December 1859

P 33.5 x 54 DG*D17 f.6. Illustrated Piggin, 1984, p7

2. Woloongong 5th December 1859

P 33.5 x 54 DG*D17 f.45

3. NSW native Figtree, by Wollongong 5 Dec 1859

P 38.4 x 33.5 DG*D17 f.19

4. Waterfall, Amerikan Creek 5 Dec 1859

P 32.7 x 53.4 DG*D17 f.43

5. Brandy and Water Creek, Palm Valley Farm James Kevan [?Keevors], Dienstag 6 Dec 1859

P 34 x 54 DG*D17 f.44

6. Amerikan Creek, 7 Dec 1859

P 38.4 x 24.2 DG*D17 f.20

7. Amerikan Creek, Wollongong 7 Dec 1859

P 29 x 24.5 DG*D17 f.28

8. Kiama 12 Dec. 1859

P 33.5 x 54 DG*D17 f.5

9. Lake Illawarra , NSW 1859

Oil DGV1B/10

10. View of Lake Illawarra 1860

Oil WCG. Illustrated Art & Australia, Autumn 1981, p211. Reproduced as a chromolithograph. See also under Unknown 1860? below.

11. Cabbage Tree Forest , Amerikan Creek, NSW 1860

Oil 51 x 85.5 WCG

12. Figtree, Amerikan Creek near Wollongong 1861

Oil 83 x 66 Private. Illustrated Art & Australia, Summer 1980, p161; Bruce, 1980, p58; Ritchie, 1989, p84

13. Forest scene near Kiama 1863

Oil 35.8 x 56 ANG. Illustrated Bonyhady, 1988, pp74-5

14. Sunset in New South Wales 1865

Oil 71 x 92 ML258. Illustrated Bruce, 1980, p81; McDonald & Pearce, 1988, p121

15. Mountain Scenery near Jamberoo, NSW

Oil 29 x 45 Elders

16. Figtree group on the track from Kiama to Shoalhaven

Oil 35.9 x 56 ANG

17. American Creek near Wollongong [1865]

Woodcut ML. Published in The Illustrated Sydney News of 16 September 1865 , p8.

18. Lake Illawarra , NSW 1859 [1866-7]

Chromolithograph 34 x 53 ML. Illustrated Dovers, 1983, p19

19. Cabbage Tree Forest , American Creek 1859 [1866-7]

Chromolithograph 34 x 53 ML. Illustrated Dovers, 1983, p24; Bonyhady, 1985, p79; Ritchie, 1989, pp94-5

20. Fig Tree near Wollongong , N.S.Wales [1867]

Engraving 23.6 x 19.8 ML. Published in the Illustrated Australian News, 27 July 1867 ; and Victorian Men of the Time, 1877, p75.

c1859

Samuel Thomas Gill (1818-1880)

1. Coo..ooo..ooee!! [Shoalhaven Gorges]

W/C ? ML. Illustrated Byrne, 1984, p13. Though Gill was resident in Sydney, there is no record of his visiting the Illawarra apart from this work, which may have been taken in the Marulan area west of Nowra. Reference: Gleeson (1976), Kerr (1992).

1860-70

Henry C. Gritten (1818-1873)

Gritten arrived on the Victorian goldfields from England in 1853, and travelled to New South Wales around 1855. He eventually settled in Melbourne , and was a friend of Robert Hoddle who had worked as a surveyor in Illawarra during 1829-30. Whether Gritten actually visited Illawarra and Shoalhaven is unknown. References: Kerr (1992), Ritchie (1989).

1. Kiama, Illawarra, N.S.W. 1860 Sketched by Robert Hoddle 1830

Oil 58.5 x 45.5 NLA R3635. Illustrated Ritchie, 1989, p36

2. Kiama, Illawarra, NSW

Oil 40.5 x 56 Private. Illustrated Deutscher, October 1984

3. The Shoalhaven Gullies 1870

Oil 63 x 76 Latrobe Library

c1860

Myra Felton (1835-1920)

Myra Felton was the daughter of the famous Australian portrait painter Dr. Maurice Felton. She followed in her father's footsteps, specialising in portraiture to supplement the income of a large, fatherless family (Maurice Felton having died in 1842).

1. Portrait of Charles Throsby Smith

Chalk & Gouache IHS. Charles Throsby Smith (1798-1876), the subject of this work, may be called the `Father of Wollongong', having settled there in 1823 and remaining a prominent citizen of the town for the rest of his lifetime. C.T.Smith saw Wollongong develop from a small stock station with a single stockman's hut, to a large town and commercial centre for the whole region. References: Kerr (1992).

c1860

Henry Grant Lloyd (1829-1904)

Lloyd was an itinerant artist who studied under Conrad Martens and John Skinner Prout after leaving Tasmania in 1857. He travelled widely throughout Australia and was quite prolific. Reference is made in the Illawarra Mercury of 25 December 1860 (p2 c4) to Illawarra works in his Sketchbook of New South Wales. References: Moore (1934), McCulloch (1968), Campbell (1983).

1. On the Illawarra Lake , NSW

P DL PX42 f.77

2. Illawarra Lake from Berkley

P DL PX42 f.78

3. Tom Thumbs Lagoon from Mt St Thomas

P DL PX42 f.79

4. Tom Thumbs Lagoon, Illawarra

P DL PX42 f.80

5. Wollongong , Mts Keira and Kembla in the distance

P DL PX42 f.81

6. Illawarra Lake from Mt Keira Pass

P DL PX42 f.82

7. Stanwell Park

P DL PX42 f.112

8. Summit of Mt Keira

P DL PX42 f.113

9. From Mt Keira Coal Mines

P DL PX42 f.114

10. Waterfall, Vale of Dapto

P DL PX43 f.219

11. Tongarra, Vale of Dapto

P DL PX43 f.220

12. Lake Illawarra from Peterboro

P DL PX43 f.221

13. At Albion Park , Illawarra

P DL PX43 f.222

14. Marshall Mount, Illawarra

P DL PX43 f.223

15. Berkley near Wollongong

P DL PX43 f.224

16. Shoalhaven Gully

P DL PX43 f.235

17. Approach to Coolangatta

P DL PX43 f.238

18. Shoalhaven River near Nowra

P DL PX43 f.239

19. Nowra, Shoalhaven

P DL PX43 f.240

20. Broughton Creek near Shoalhaven

P DL PX43 f.241

21. By the Blowhole, Kiama

P DL PX43 f.242

22. Jamberoo, West Kiama

P DL PX43 f.243

23. Minamurra Water near Kiama

P DL PX43 f.244

24. Near the Cemetery, Kiama

P DL PX43 f.245

c1860

Unknown

1. Ilawarra

W/C 19.5 x 25.2 NLA NK9857. Title inscribed l.r.

?1860

Unknown

1. Lake Illawarra

Oil 35 x 56 Private. Illustrated Christopher Day, Winter 1985, 18, colour. This work is a copy of Eugene von Guerard's view of Lake Illawarra (see von Guerard entry no.10 above).

1860s

Lieutenant George Austin Woods

1. Twofold Bay, New South Wales

W/C 21.6 x 37.5 ML VIB TWO B/1. Illustrated McDonald, 1985, p115

Reference: Kerr (1992).

1860s

Maria Jane Scott

1. Lake Illawarra

W/C ML SSV1B/ILLA L1

2. From Mount Keira Jan 9

W/C 26.3 x 35.3 ML PXC292-2 f.35

See also the works of Harriett Scott and Helena Forde. Reference: Kerr (1992).

1860s

Eleanor Owen

1. Crown Street , Wollongong

Oil on canvas, Private collection.

1860s

Ada Nesbitt Denniss

1 Goldena Cottage at Marshall Mount

Oil 29 x 44.5 IHS

Reference: France (1988).

1860s

Frederick Garling (1806-1873)

Garling was an artist and customs officer at Sydney harbour, especially proficient in marine painting and most famous for this. He is said to have painted every boat to have entered Port Jackson over a period of forty years. The John Penn was the first screw steamer to operate on the south coast, arriving from New Zealand in 1870 after having been built of iron in 1867. She weigh 199 tons, and was 140 ft long. The John Penn was wrecked near Moruya in a heavy fog on 11 November 1879 . The Kiama was a wooden paddle steamer built in 1855, of 104 tons and 121 ft long. She was in service until 1914. The Kembla was an iron paddle steamer, built in 1860, of 350 tons and 183 ft long. She was in service until 1917. References: Andrews (1979), Kerr (1992).

1. The Illawarra Steam Navigation Company's Steamer Kiama c1860

W/C 30.3 x 46.6 Deutscher 5/88

2. The Illawarra Steam Navigation Company's Steamer Kembla c1860

W/C 30.3 x 46.6 Deutscher 5/88

3. The Illawarra Steam Navigation Company's Steamer The Hunter c1860

W/C 32.4 x 48.5 WCG

4. The Illawarra Steam Navigation Company's Steamer John Penn c1870

W/C 30.5 x 48 Private


Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Catalogue of Works - Chronological by Artist

Site last updated: 18 March 2006. Return to Michael Organ's Home Page. Any comments, corrections, or additions to this site are most welcome.