Historical Records of the Illawarra Region of NSW, Australia

1770 - 1855

A Chronological Guide to Sources and Events

Michael Organ and A.P. Doyle

January 1995


Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Chronological Guide

1. Introduction

The following chronological guide to sources is provided as a reference tool only, pointing researchers to known items of relevance to the earliest (i.e. pre 1855) history of the Illawarra region of New South Wales, with special emphasis on Wollongong. Within this edition Illawarra may be broadly defined as that area of the South Coast of New South Wales located between 45 and 120 miles south of Sydney, extending from Stanwell Park and Helensburgh in the north to Jervis Bay and the Shoalhaven in the south; bordered to the west by the Illawarra escarpment and mountains of the Great Dividing Range, with the whole forming a geographically distinctive thin, wedge-shaped coastal strip.

Within this chronology an emphasis has been placed on identifying events occurring in central Illawarra, in and around the city of Wollongong. For more detailed histories of localities to the south such as Twofold Bay, Jervis Bay, the Shoalhaven, and Kiama, reference should be made to the general histories of those regions compiled by historians such as Bill Bayley (refer Bibliography at end of work). Where possible precise references to contemporary sources are given, however if these are not known such is indicated by a question mark "?" etc. References are also given to modern reissues of primary source material such as journals, letters, and diaries, where the recent work contains additional information and references. For example, W.G. McDonald's book Earliest Illawarra (1976) reprints many items of relevance to the foundation of Wollongong and the arrival of white settlers in the area.

As the list is basically a chronology, only specifically dated events are included. Non-specific references and reminiscences such as those by "Old Pioneer" (1924) and Alexander Stewart (1897) are not generally considered, however where they contain reminiscences which can be precisely dated and verified they will be included. The bulk of this work consists of references accumulated over the years by the editors, being published and manuscript items from newspapers, private journals, diaries, and letters, official papers from the Archives Office of New South Wales such as Colonial Secretary correspondence, and Illawarra Bench of Magistrate records, plus birth, death and marriage information. Shipping arrival and departure details are taken from the various volumes of Shipping Arrivals and Departures, Sydney [1788-1844] by J.S. Cumpston et al., which in turn have been compiled from contemporary newspapers, journals, and official records. Such items usually refer to travel between Sydney and Illawarra destinations only. Brief sections on Illawarra Aborigines (Chapter 1) and Portuguese navigators said to have visited the region prior to Captain Cook in 1770 are also included (Chapter 2) - once again, they are largely of a bibliographic nature and heavily abbreviated.

The following list is by no means complete and is constantly being updated as new items of relevance to Illawarra's history are located by local historians and overseas, professional, and family historians; located amongst personal and official papers, old newspapers, and assorted publications of the day. The listing aims to present a framework for future research. It is dedicated to individuals such as James Jervis, Arthur Cousins, Frank McCaffrey, W.G. McDonald, Edgar Beale, Bill Bayley, and the many others who have researched and written on the earliest history of Illawarra during the last one hundred years. This work could not have been compiled if not for their pioneering work. It is just the next step in a process instigated by such dedicated local historians. This author would also like to include amongst these names the late Peter Doyle (1921-94) who assisted with the compilation of this list.


1.1 Abbreviations

Within this chronology abbreviations and specific references (as fully described in the accompanying Bibliography) are presented. Abbreviations are used where works are constantly cited, and are located within curly brackets at the end of each entry. For example: {C} is the abbreviation for Cumpston's 2 volume Shipping Arrival and Departures, Sydney, 1788-1844. The following abbreviations are the most commonly used:

ADB - Australian Dictionary of Biography.

AONSW - Archives Office of New South Wales.

Australian - The Australian newspaper, Sydney.

Bateson - Australian Shipwrecks.

BDM - Birth, Death & Marriage records.

Blue Books - Annual published list of New South Wales Public Servants, plus information on wages, periods of employment, expenditures, etc.

C - Cumpston's Shipping Arrival and Departure, Sydney, 1788-1844.

Col Sec - Colonial Secretary Correspondence, Archives Office of New South Wales.

DL - Dixson Library, State Library of New South Wales.

GG - Government Gazette

HRA - Historical Records of Australia.

HRNSW - Historical Records of New South Wales.

IFHG - Journal of the Illawarra Family History Group.

IHS - Illawarra Historical Society Bulletin.

Loney - Various gazetteers of Australian shipwrecks.

ML - Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales, Sydney.

NSWGG - New South Wales Government Gazette.

RAHS - Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society.

RG - Land records - deeds, grants, etc., held by Registrar General's Department, Department.

SG - Sydney Gazette.

SMH - Sydney Morning Herald and Sydney Herald newspapers.

Land grants are also listed, however there are numerous problems with their precise allocation prior to 1856. The system of grants throught the Governor, and/or purchase, was slow and arbitrary. For example, a certain John and Mary Smith may have been promised 1000 acres at Illawarra in 1810, however the first surveys of the district did not take place until 1816 and it may not have been until this time that the Smiths land was selected. In the meantime they may have sold their `promise' to a certain John and Alice Brown, who in turn ran sheep and cattle on the grant using convict labour. The Browns in 1820 may then have requested the official issue of the grant, which they may have eventually received in 1823. However it could have taken a further 5 to 10 years before they actually received the deeds to the 1000 acres. In the meantime the Browns may have died in 1830, leaving no children, with only the sheep and cattle and a stockman's hut as evidence of their ownership. When the deeds are finally issued in 1832 to the executors of their wills - namely Messrs. Campbell & Co. - the Registrar General's Department would have recorded the unnamed 1000 acres grant at Illawarra in the name of this firm, and not that of the Smiths or Browns who actually held the `promise' between 1810-30. This convoluted process may not end here. Suppose the Messrs. Campbell & Co. immediately sell the land to a Mr Thomas in 1833 who renames the estate "Wallaroo". Mr Thomas is actually the first to develop the land - 10 years after its allocation and 23 years after the initial promise. However official maps and surveys of the district will record the Messrs Campbell as the first owners of the 1000 acres, yet they were merely solicitors handling the property, never actually utilising it. We may well ask: who was the first settler of the 1000 acres known in 1833 as "Wallaroo"?


1.2. Bibliography

Bayley, W.A., Black Diamonds - History of Bulli District, New South Wales, Austrail Publications, Bulli, 1975.

----, Blue Haven - History of Kiama Municipality , Kiama Municipal Council, 1976.

Beale, Edgar, 'Cook's First Landing Attempt in New South Wales', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume 50, Part 3, pp191-204.

Beaglehole, J.C.(ed), The Journals of Captain James Cook & The Voyage of the Endeavour 1768-1771, Cambridge , 1955.

----, The Endeavour Journals of Joseph Banks 1768-1771, Sydney , 1962.

Brown, Ray, An overview of the voyages to Australia by Matthew Flinders in the HMS Investigator - The Scientists and the French, Bulli, 2003, 47.

Collins, David, An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales, (2 Volumes - 1798, 1802), A.H. & A.W. Reed, Sydney, 1975.

Cousins, A., The Garden of New South Wales, Robert Dey, Son & Co, Sydney, 1948.

Else Mitchell, R., 'George Caley: His Life and Works', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume XXV, Part VI, 1939, pp437-514.

----, 'Bass's Land Explorations', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume 37, pp244-250.

Fitzgerald, Brigadier, Java La Grande, Hobart, 1984.

Flinders, Matthew, A Voyage to Terra Australis, London , 1803.

France, C., The Illawarra & Environs: A Pictorial Survey, Wollongong City Gallery, 1988. (Exhibition Catalogue).

Jervis, James, 'Jervis Bay : Its Discovery and Settlement', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume 22, pp118-134.

----, 'Illawarra: A Century of History, 1788-1888', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume XXVII, Parts II-VI, 1942, pp65-374.

----, 'Kangaroo Valley - Some Notes on Its History', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume 36, pp109-117.

Henderson, K. & T., Early Illawarra: People, Houses, Life, History Project Incorporated, ANU, Canberra , 1983.

King, N.S., History of Austinmer and Robert Marsh Westmacott in Australia, Illawarra Historical Society, Wollongong , 1964.

Lee, I., Early Explorers in Australia.

Macquarie, Lachlan, Journal of His Tours in New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land 1810-1822, Public Library of New South Wales , Sydney , 1956.

McDonald, W.G., Earliest Illawarra, by Its Explorers and Pioneers, Illawarra Historical Society, 1979.

----, The Paulsgrove Diary - Illawarra 1833-1834, Illawarra Historical Society, 1988.

Mitchell, W. & Sherington, G., Growing Up In Illawarra: A Social History 1834-1984, Wollongong University , Wollongong , 1984.

Organ, M., The Illawarra Diary of Lady Jane Franklin, 10-17 May 1839, Illawarra Historical Publications, Woonona, 1988.

----, Illawarra and South Coast Aborigines, 1770-1850, Wollongong University , 1991.

---, Illawarra and South Coast Aborigines, 1770-1900, Woonona, 1993.

Pleaden, R.F., Coastal Explorers, Milton Ulladulla Historical Society in association with Clyde River & Bateman's Bay Historical Society and Shoalhaven Historical Society, Leader Printery, Nowra, 1990.

Sefton, Carol, 'Prehistory - The Aboriginal Heritage', Illawarra Heritage, Environmental Heritage Committee, Wollongong , 1983.

Stewart, A., Reminiscences of Illawarra [1828-94], Illawarra Historical Publications, Woonona, 1987.

Weatherburn, A.K., 'Exploration of the Jervis Bay, Shoalhaven and Illawarra Districts, 1797-1812', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume 46, June 1960, pp83-97.

----, George William Evans, Angus and Robertson, Sydney , 1966.

----, 'The Exploration and Surveys of James Meehan between the Cowpastures, Wingecarribee River, Goulburn Plains, Shoalhaven River and Jervis Bay 1805, 1818 and 1819', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal, Volume 64, Part 3, December 1978, pp167-181.


Illawarra Aborigines 40,000+BP - Present

Upon the arrival of Europeans in Illawarra following on the landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove in January 1788, the area contained a large, scattered Aboriginal population, perhaps numbering 2000-3000. Knowledge of the lifestyle and history of these people is limited to surviving artefacts, their own oral tradition, and European records. Reference should be made to Michael Organ's Illawarra and South Coast Aborigines, 1770-1850 (Wollongong University, 1991) and the unpublished report Illawarra and South Coast Aborigines 1770-1900 (Woonona, 1993) for guides to available sources on this topic.

In recent times the original Aboriginal inhabitants of Illawarra have been divided into five tribes according to locality, namely (from north to south): the Dharawal, Wadi-Wadi, Gurandada, Dharumba and Wandandian. The upland tribe is known as the Gundungarra.

According to archaeological investigations, Aborigines had resided in Illawarra for at least 20,000, and possibly up to 40,000 years. See also Sefton, 1984; Howitt, 1899; Westmacott, 1848; Campbell notes; Organ, 1991 & 1993, for specific details.


Ancient Egyptians & Portuguese Navigators 200BC - 1595

c.200BC

Egyptians - In 1975 Sydney writer Anne O'Grady postulated the landing at Illawarra of ancient Egyptians around 200BC, based upon 'evidence' from local newspapers and archaeological material {IHS Bulletin, July 1991}

1421

According to the research of Gavin Menzies, author of 1421: The Year China discover the world (2002), Chinese fleets under the command of Admirals Hong Bao and Zhou Man travelled to the east coast of Australia and possibly visited Lake Illawarra.

1522

Portuguese navigator Christovano de Mendonca sails by the east coast of Australia, mapping the Illawarra coastline {Fitzgerald, 1984; IHS Bulletin, December 1985 and July 1986}

1536-66

Dieppe Maps - these Portuguese maps delineate the east coast of Australia and show Lake Illawarra as the "Bays de Neusne", based upon information supplied by de Mendoca (1522) and others. A copy of the Dieppe map was taken on board the bark Endeavour by Joseph Banks in 1768 and used by Captain Cook as he sailed up the east coast of Australia.

1595

According to a theory proposed by Lawrence Hargrave in the 1890s, Spanish explorer Lope de Vega and the vessel Santa Ysabel visit the Shoalhaven River in 1595, where they also found alluvial gold {IHS Bulletin March 1967}


Explorers, Surveyors, Shipwrecked Sailors and Aboriginal Massacres 1770 - 1814

1770

April Wednesday 25 - Saturday 28: Captain Cook and the bark Endeavour sail by the coast of Illawarra. An attempt is made to land near Woonona between 2-5pm on Saturday, the 28th, but the longboat is driven back by heavy surf. A Coastal profile of Port Kembla, Wollongong and north to Corrimal is drawn by Sidney Parkinson, and geographical features such as Red Point and Hat Hill are identified, whilst Aborigines, their fires and canoes are also seen {Beaglehole, 1955 & 1962; Beale, RAHS, August 1964; Organ, 1991 & 1993}

1788

January - Upon the arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove in January, the Illawarra and South Coast Aborigines were quickly made aware of the presence of Europeans via their own internal communication networks. Unknown runaway convicts were the first white people to enter the area, though the precise date is unknown.

1791

August 18 - Lieutenant Bowen, in the Atlantic, enters and names Jervis Bay {Bayley, 1975; Pleaden, 1990}

November - Matilda arrives at Sydney from Jervis Bay, after whaling {C; Lee; Organ, 1991}

December 16 - Whalers Matilda and Mary Ann arrive at Sydney from the "Coast to the south" {C}

1794

May 14 - 20: On the 14th a party of two soldiers and an Aborigine set off from Sydney on an excursion south of Botany Bay, returning on the 20th. They travel to a small harbour "about twenty miles to the south of Botany Bay". It is unknown whether they reach as far south as Illawarra, though the report states: "The country they described as high and rocky in the neighbourhood of the harbour, which, on afterwards looking into the chart, was supposed to be somewhere about Red Point." Red Point, modern day Hill 60 at Port Kembla, is actually located about 50 miles south of Sydney. The party may actually have visited Wattamolla Bay, north of Stanwell Park. {Collins, 1975, I, 308-309; Organ, 1991}

August 2 - Speedy leaves Sydney for Jervis Bay and Batemans Bay on a whaling expedition {C}

1795

February - Goam-boak, an Aboriginal warrior from the South Coast, arrives in Sydney {Collins, 1975; Organ, 1991}

1796

March Friday 25 - Tuesday 29: George Bass, Matthew Flinders and William Martin sail by Illawarra in the whale boat Tom Thumb. They land at a number of spots, including Lake Illawarra on Sunday 27th. They are also washed ashore near Towradgi beach. Flinders' journal refers to white people living with the Aborigines at Illawarra and growing potatoes in the vicinity of Lake Illawarra. These are most likely escaped convicts. {McDonald, 1976 & 1979; Organ, 1991}

1797

April - May: Survivors of the wreck of the Sydney Cove pass through Illawarra, reaching Sydney on 17 May. They tell of finding coal in northern Illawarra and of being attacked by 'savage natives' near Red Point. In fact, it appears that some of the crew members were the savages and that they may have suffered attacks from members of their own party. {McDonald, 1979; Collins, 1975; HRA, III, 762; Organ, 1991}

August 5 - George Bass leaves Sydney and visits the area of Stanwell Park in search of survivors of the Sydney Cove. He also investigates the discovery of coal at nearby Coalcliff {McDonald, 1979}

13 - George Bass returns to Sydney from his Illawarra expedition

14 - Letter from the Reverend Palmer re fate of Sydney Cove survivors {McDonald, 1975}

15 - Governor Hunter letter to Joseph Banks re Sydney Cove wreck {ML}

20 - George Bass to Colonel Paterson, filing a report on the occurance of coal at Illawarra, along with the fate of the missing Sydney Cove crew { HRA, III, 289-290}

September - Cumberland wrecked south of Jervis Bay. Survivors walk overland through Illawarra to Sydney {Bayley, 1975}

September - George Bass and Williamson travel overland due east from the Cowpastures to the coast near Garie Beach, via Waterfall {Collins, 1975, II, 37}

December Tuesday 4 - Thursday 7: George Bass and 6 naval ratings sail past Illawarra, Kiama, Shoalhaven and Jervis Bay in a whaleboat. They identify the Kiama Blow Hole { HRNSW, III, 313-15; McDonald, 1975 & 1979}

1798

October - George Bass and Mathew Flinders at Twofold Bay { HRA; Organ, 1991}

1801

January 1 - Speedy, whaler, arrives at Sydney, "from the coast" {C}

February 4 - Speedy leaves Sydney for whaling off the south coast {C}

March 10 - Lieutenant James Grant and the Lady Nelson arrive at Jervis Bay, with Ensign Barrallier and botanist George Caley on baord. The latter takes the opportunity to explore the foreshores and meet the local Aborigines { HRNSW, IV; Else Mitchell, 1939; Pleaden, 1990; Organ, 1991}

April 17 - Ocean arrives at Sydney from whaling off the south coast {C}

May - Britannia leaves Sydney for whaling off the south coast {C}

1803

According to Frank McCaffrey, 'Major George Johnston's cattle were sent to Illawarra during the drought of 1803-4.' As no contemporary evidence of this statement has come to light, it seems unlikely, and probably occurred after 1815 {McCaffrey, 1929, 13}

August 21 - Report on new species of Didelphis / Phascolarctos cinereus (Koala) found at Hat Hill (Mount Kembla) {SG}

1804

Type specimens of the native birds 'Spine-tailed Log-runner' and 'Purple-breasted Pigeon' are caught at Hat Hill (Mount Kembla) in Illawarra by botanist Robert Brown. He is most likely accompanied by Joseph Wild {IHS Bulletin July 1958, August and November 1980; Transactions of the Linnean Society, London, 1827, XV, 207; ADB;, Brown 2003}

March 18 - Jervis Bay Aborigines visit Sydney {SG; Organ, 1991}

July 22 - Aborigines at Jervis Bay are killed by sailors from the Contest {SG; Organ, 1991}

1805

January 16 - Governor King recommends settling the "country about Shoalhaven" {HRA}

27 - Notice re the intention of Lieutenant Kent and Surveyor George W. Evans to examine the Shoalhaven River {SG}

February 1 - Ann, cutter, leaves Sydney for Shoalhaven with surveyor James Meehan (instead of G.W. Evans) and Lt Kent of HMS Buffalo to examine the Shoalhaven River and Jervis Bay {Jervis, 1937; Weatherburn, 1960; C; Bayley, 1975}

4 - Meehan and Kent arrive at Jervis Bay. They later travel overland to the Shoalhaven {Weatherburn, 1960}

March 10 - Report of the return of Meehan and Kent to Sydney aboard the Ann {SG; Organ, 1991}

April 3 - The Lady Nelson and Estramina leave Sydney for Jervis Bay {Jervis, 1942}

9 - The Lady Nelson and Estramina return from Jervis Bay with Lieutenant Oxley {Jervis, 1942}

18 - Nancy lost south of Jervis Bay {SG; C}

20 - Eleven survivors of the Nancy shipwreck reach Jervis Bay

May 5 - Report on wreck of the Nancy and journey of survivors overland from Jervis Bay to Sydney {SG; Organ, 1991}

October 27 - Report on Europeans speared by Aborigines at Jervis Bay, possibly in reprisal for the massacre by sailors from the Contest the previous July {SG; Organ, 1991}

December 5 - Survivors of the Fly shipwreck are attacked by Aborigines at Jervis Bay {SG; Organ, 1991}

1806

February 3 - George, whaler, wrecked at Twofold Bay {C; Organ, 1991}

March 15 - Sealers from the George massacre Aborigines at Twofold Bay {SG; Organ, 1991}

28 - Venus, whaler, arrives at Sydney from Twofold Bay {C}

April 6 - Report on Aborigines massacred at Twofold Bay {SG, Organ, 1991}

26 - Marcia, whaler, leaves Sydney for Twofold Bay {C}

May 18 - Report on five men from the wreck of the George who travelled overland from Jervis Bay to Sydney, along the coast {SG; Organ, 1991}

1807

July 19 - Report on bird collectors visiting the Five Islands and bringing back 2 new birds {SG}

1808

May 2 - Fly arrives at Sydney from Batemans Bay {C}

15 - Report that three of the crew of five of the Fly were murdered by Aborigines at Batemans Bay {SG; Organ, 1991}

July 7 - George Caley letter to Sir Joseph Banks re his desire to visit the region between Jervis Bay and Sydney in order to investigate local botany {Else Mitchell, 1939}

1810

According to Frank McCaffrey, 'cedar was carried from the inner shores of Lake Illawarra, in small craft, during convenient periods to Sydney in 1810' {McCaffrey, 1929, 21}. This has not been verified by any contemporary reports, though cedar was taken from the Shoalhaven late in 1811 and thereafter.

1811

November 5 - 7: The Lady Nelson shelters at Jervis Bay en route to Van Diemans Land from Sydney with Governor Macquarie and party. The Governor and his wife land and explore the area {Macquarie, 1956; Organ, 1991}

December 30 - Speedwell arrives at Sydney with the first cargo of cedar from the Shoalhaven {C; Jervis, 1939; Organ, 1991}

1812

Drought prevalent in New South Wales throughout this year

January 4 - Notice of arrival of Speedwell at Sydney with Shoalhaven cedar {SG}

March 26 - The Lady Nelson with Captain Overhand and Surveyor Evans leaves Sydney for Jervis Bay to carry out a land survey {C}

April Monday 6 - Friday 17: Surveyor G.W. Evans travels overland from Jervis Bay to Appin, along the coast via Wollongong. He keeps a diary of the trip. He is the first European artist to travel through Illawarra and take sketches, though none are known to have survived {McDonald, 1979; Organ, 1991}

August 27 - Endeavour leaves Sydney for the Shoalhaven {C}

September 17 - Mary Ann leaves Sydney for the Shoalhaven {C}

October 12 - Geordy arrives at Sydney from the Shoalhaven with 26 logs of cedar; Mary Ann arrives with 70 logs {C}

15 - Endeavour arrives at Sydney from the Shoalhaven with 40 logs of cedar {C}

16 - Mary Ann leaves Sydney for Shoalhaven {C}

19 - William and Ann to Shoalhaven {C}

22 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

31 - Endeavour to Shoalhaven {C}

November 6 - Windsor to Shoalhaven {C}

16 - William and Ann arrives at Sydney from Shoalhaven with 30 logs of cedar {C}

19 - Mary Ann from Shoalhaven with 70 logs of cedar {C}

21 - Mary Ann to Shoalhaven {C}

21 - Geordy from Shoalhaven with 27 logs of cedar {C}

27 - James Well, owner of the sloop Wale seeks permission to obtain cedar from Shoalhaven {Jervis, 1939}

28 - William and Ann, and Whale, to Shoalhaven {C}

December 7 - Windsor from Shoalhaven with 27 logs of cedar {C}

10 - Cumberland from Shoalhaven with 70 logs of cedar {C}

19 - Mary and Sally, and Endeavour, to Shoalhaven {C}

29 - Mary Ann from Shoalhaven with 50 logs of cedar {C}

1813

Drought prevalent in New South Wales throughout this year, following on from 1812

January 2 - Mary Ann to Shoalhaven {C}

4 - Cumberland, and Mercury schooner, to Shoalhaven {C}

25 - Whale, and William and Ann, from Shoalhaven with 16 tons of cedar each {C}

26 - Endeavour from Shoalhaven with 24 tons of cedar; Geordy with 18 tons of cedar {C}

February 6 - Endeavour to Shoalhaven {C}

8 - Mary Ann from Shoalhaven with 36 tons of cedar {C}

15 - Mary and Sally from Shoalhaven with 66 tons of cedar {C}

16 - Mary Ann to Shoalhaven {C}

March 2 - Mercury and Endeavour to Shoalhaven {C} Both vessels are wrecked at the Shoalhaven River during March {SG; Organ, 1991}

3 - Mary and Sally to Shoalhaven {C}

5 - Fly to Jervis Bay {C}

8 - Speedwell to Shoalhaven {C}

19 - Cumberland from Shoalhaven with 58 tons of cedar; Mary Ann with 36 tons of cedar; Speedwell from Shoalhaven {C}

20 - Report on wrecks of Mercury and Endeavour at the Shoalhaven River. A vessel and men are sent from Sydney to rescue the crew. Some of the crew travel overland to Botany Bay. Mercury owned by Mary Reiby {SG; C}

25 - Matilda, brig, with Captain Collins aboard, leaves Sydney for Jervis Bay and the Shoalhaven to explore the surrounding terrain {Jervis, 1937; C; Bayley, 1975}

April 7 - Hawkesbury Packet to Shoalhaven {C}

13 - Matilda returns from exploring the Shoalhaven River {C}

17 - Report on Matilda at Shoalhaven {SG}

19 - Fly from Shoalhaven with 4000 ft of cedar {C}

April 22 - Hawkesbury Packet from Shoalhaven with 5000 ft of cedar {C}

May 29 - Brig Mary & Sally arrives in Sydney from Shoalhaven with 4800 ft of cedar {SG; C}

June 5 - William and Anne from Shoalhaven with 4800 ft of cedar {C}

October 8 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

16 - Hawkesbury Packet to Shoalhaven {C}

30 - David Allan promised 2000 acres at Illawarra - the first land in the area to be so allocated {Dowd}

November 4 - Geordy from Shoalhaven with 3100 ft of cedar {C}

10 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

22 - Hawkesbury Packet from Shoalhaven with 4150 ft of cedar {C}

27 - Hawkesbury Packet to Shoalhaven {C}

30 - Robert Jenkins promised 1000 acres at Illawarra {Dowd}

December 1 - William and Mary to Shoalhaven {C}

21 - Geordy from Shoalhaven with 3200 ft of cedar {C}

22 - Hawkesbury Packet from Shoalhaven with 2800 ft of cedar {C}

1814

January 4 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

12 - Hawkesbury Packet to Shoalhaven {C}

February 7 - Hawkesbury Packet from Shoalhaven; Geordy from Shoalhaven with 1000 ft of cedar {C}

April 23 - Richard Brooks promised 1300 acres at Illawarra {Dowd}

May 6 - Trial, brig, to Shoalhaven {C}

May - June: Skirmishes between white settlers and Aborigines in the Appin area. Killings occur on both sides, though the Aboriginal community suffer the most. Aborigines murder men on William Broughton's farm near Appin in reprisal for earlier atrocities by these men {Organ, 1991}

July 18 - Trial from Shoalhaven with 12000 (26000) feet of cedar. Duty free {C}

July 23 - Report on arrival of brig Trial in Sydney from Shoalhaven with cedar {SG}

September 14 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

28 - Geordy from Shoalhaven with 3000 ft of cedar {C}

October 5 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

23 - Geordy from Shoalhaven with 3200 ft of cedar {C}

November 3 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

23 - Geordy from Shoalhaven with 876 ft of cedar {C}

26 - Geordy to Shoalhaven {C}

December - Decision made to prohibit traffic in cedar at the Shoalhaven river due to widespread evasion of duty {Jervis, 1937 1939, & 1942}

8 - Geordy from Shoalhaven with 3500 ft of cedar {C}

12 - Three Bees from Shoalhaven with 1000 ft of cedar {C}


First Settlement, Cedar-Getters & Absentee Landlords 1815 - 1825

1815

Doctor Charles Throsby of Glenfield establishes the first cattle station at Wollongong, arriving in the district from the west via Appin and Bulli, with the assistance of Joe Wild, 2 local Aborigines and others. Shortly afterwards he is followed by George Cribb who settles at Charcoal Creek, so named after Cribb's stockman 'Charcoal Will' aka William Richards {Jervis, 1942; McDonald, 1979; IHS Bulletin, May & June 1990}

February 18 - George Wood and others lost en route to Shoalhaven to pick up cedar {SG}

February 25 - Report on search for Wood party {SG}

March - Wreckage washed ashore at Shoalhaven {Loney}

11 - Report on search for Wood party {SG}

15 - Mary Reiby promised a grant of 800 acres at the Shoalhaven River {RG}

18 - Report on new land available at the Five Islands, plus coal {SG}

April 22 - Report on searchers for Wood party now at Bulli {SG}

October - Governor Macquarie visits Hamilton Hume's farm at Appin and discusses the search for an overland route from the Cowpastures to Jervis Bay {Weatherburn, 1978}

December 9 - Joseph Wild, assistant to Charles Throsby, appointed constable for the Five Islands district {SG}

1816

Robert and Sophia Campbell visit Illawarra. Sophia produces watercolours during this visit, the earliest extant views of Illawarra {Kerr & Falkus, 1982}

January 16 - George Johnston promised 1500 acres at Illawarra; Andrew Allan promised 700 acres; James Neale granted 60 acres at Illawarra {McCaffrey, 1929, 28; Dowd, 1960; RG}

March-May: Bromley, one of Reverend Thomas Hassall's shepherd's at Appin, murdered by Aborigines. Governor Macquarie's undeclared war against the Aborigines of the Cumberland Plain commences {Organ, 1991}

April 5 - Charles Throsby letter to D'Arcy Wentworth re proposed reprisals against attacks on white settlers by Aborigines {Organ, 1991}

16 - Charles Throsby Smith, nephew of Charles Throsby, arrives in Sydney. He visits Illawarra during the following three months, and accompanies Robert Jenkins there to select the Berkeley grant {McDonald, 1979}

25 - Lt Parker's detachment at Red Point, Illawarra to search for outlaw Aborigines {Organ, 1991}

June - Surveyor Meehan surveys road from Appin to top of Bulli Mountain {AONSW}

17 - Surveyor Meehan reaches Wollongong and begins initial survey of Illawarra.

19 - Surveyor John Oxley and party arrive at Wollongong to carry out survey.

28 - Last entry in Meehan's Survey Book.

September 28 - Report on local settlers and Aborigines {SG}

November 16 - Surveyor Oxley instructed to visit Illawarra coast and conduct a survey {Jervis, 1942}

16 - Notice calling on Illawarra land grantees to meet at Throsby's stockman's hut at Wollongong on 2 December {SG}

27 - Oxley and Meehan return to Illawarra {Jervis, 1942}

28 - Oxley and Meehan at Lake Illawarra {Jervis, 1942}

December 2 - Meeting of original land grantees at Throsby's stockman's hut at Wollongong {Dowd, 1960}

5 - Richard Brooks's "Exmouth" grant surveyed {Dowd, 1960}

6 - George Johnston's "Macquarie Gift" grant surveyed {Dowd, 1960}

7 - Andrew Allan's "Waterloo" and Robert Jenkins's "Berkeley" grants surveyed {Dowd, 1960}

8 - David Allan's "Illawarra (5 Island) Farm" grant surveyed {Dowd, 1960}

1817

Charles Throsby takes some of his Illawarra cattle to Sydney market {Jervis, 1942}

January 24 - Robert Jenkins granted 1000 acres at Berkeley; 700 acres at Jamberoo to Andrew Allan; 2200 acres to David Allan; 1300 acres to Richard Brooks; and 1500 acres to George Johnston.

July 17 - Mary to Shoalhaven {C}

24 - Dr James Mileham promised a grant of 700 acres at Lake Illawarra {RG}

August 14 - Hawkesbury Packet to Shoalhaven. Wrecked at Minamurra {C, Bateson}

September 11 - 300 acres granted to Colonel Molle at Mullet Creek {RG}

27 - Reward offered by local settlers for apprehension of cattle thieves {SG}

December - James Badgery and son visit Five Islands {Organ, 1993}

12 - Governor Macquarie mentions "Illawarra" or "Five Islands" in an official dispatch {HRA, IX, 713}

1818

William Emmett in charge of the Government settlement at Red Point {McCaffrey, 1929, 25}

March 6 - Charles Throsby, James Meehan, Hamilton Hume et al. set out from Camden to find an overland route to Jervis Bay {Weatherburn, 1978}

11 - Mary from Shoalhaven with 8733 ft of cedar {C}

21 - Cornelius O'Brien advertises seeking a milking assistant at Illawarra {SG; King, 1980}

30 - Lieutenant Weston receives promise of a grant for 500 acres at West Horsley, Dapto, from Governor Macquarie {McCaffrey, 1929, 28; RG}

30 - Throsby and party at Kangaroo Grounds; meet a family of Five Island Aborigines {Weatherburn, 1978; Organ, 1991}

April 1 - Charles Throsby and party cross the Shoalhaven {Weatherburn, 1978}

2 - Charles Throsby arrives at Jervis Bay {Weatherburn, 1978}

15 - Charles Throsby letter to Governor Macquarie re Jervis Bay expedition.

17 - James Meehan letter to Governor Macquarie re visit to Illawarra.

September 10 - Thomas Simms granted 40 acres at Illawarra; John Cunningham granted 60 acres {RG}

October 8 - Charles Throsby Smith letter to Governor Macquarie complaining about Cornelius O'Brien and Lieutenant Weston's treatment of local Aborigines. Subsequently investigated by the Sydney Bench of Magistrates {Organ, 1991}

21 - Allan Cunningham, botanist, arrives in Illawarra for first visit to collect specimens {Lee, 1925; McMinn}

28 - Sydney Bench of Magistrates investigates charges against Cornelius O'Brien and Lt Weston re treatment of local Aborigines {Organ, 1991}

November 1 - Governor Macquarie expresses surprise, regret, and displeasure at the Sydney Bench's levity and indifference in treatment of O'Brien-Weston case concerning mistreatment of Illawarra Aborigines {Organ, 1991}

19 - Allan Cunningham returns to Sydney from Illawarra {Lee, 1925; McMinn}

1819

Cornelius O'Brien appointed Government overseer of stock at Red Point {McCaffrey, p25}

Cornelius Wholahan managing David Allan's farm at Five Islands {Jervis, 1942}

C.T. Smith letter to Governor Macquarie re treatment of local Aborigines.

W.C. Wentworth mentions Illawarra in his book Account of the Colony of New South Wales (London, 1819).

January 1 - Licences required for all persons engaged in cutting cedar.

April 3 - Notice of removal of cattle from W. Wentworth's property at Illawarra {SG}

July 1 - Licenses issued to bond and free to cut cedar at Illawarra {McCaffrey, 1929, 168}

August 14 - Government order prohibiting cutting cedar at Illawarra and Appin {SG}

September 14 - Macquarie issues instructions to Oxley and Meehan to survey all the coast between Port Jackson and Jervis Bay.

19 - Macquarie instructs Oxley and Meehan to explore Illawarra.

October - Meehan travels overland to Illawarra to lay out grants for Samuel Terry, Thomas Hobby, and David Johnston {Jervis, 1942}

9 - Oxley leaves Sydney in the Emmeline to survey Illawarra and the Shoalhaven {Jervis, 1942}

15 - Oxley, Meehan, Hume, and Aborigine Broughton at Jervis Bay {Weatherburn, 1978}

November 2 - Charles Throsby Smith returns to Sydney from voyaging overseas and settles in Illawarra shortly thereafter.

17 - Surveyor General John Oxley appears as a witness at the Bigge enquiry - reports on land at Illawarra {Bigge, 1823}

1820

Illawarra overstocked, so Charles Throsby moves his cattle to Bong Bong {Jervis, 1942}

Joseph Lycett, artist, produces watercolour 'View on the Illawarra River about 80 miles from Sydney, New South Wales', possibly taken in the upper reaches of the Shoalhaven River near Marulan {Lycett, 1824}

January 10 - John Oxley report to Macquarie re survey at Illawarra.

February 24 - Governor Macquarie letter to Earl Bathurst re Oxley and Meehan at Illawarra {HRA}

March 20 - Charles Throsby memo to Governor Macquarie re Surveyor Meehan's comments on land between Cowpastures and Shoalhaven - Jervis Bay region {Weatherburn, 1978}

July 3 - Cornelius O'Brien memorial {Col Sec fiche 3028}

8 - William Broughton lost south of Botany Bay {Loney}

August 9 - Richard Brooks letter to Macquarie referring to "my late journey to the Kangaroo Ground" to place stock there {Jervis, 1951}

1821

David Smith, sawyer, arrives in Illawarra and works at cutting cedar at Kiama {McFarland, 1874; Jervis, 1939}

Dr William Elyard, R.N., appointed first Visiting Officer for the Government settlement at Red Point {McCaffrey, 1929, 25}

January 9 - Governor Macquarie issues further grants at Illawarra: Samuel Terry 2000 acres, Andrew Allan 700 acres, Thomas Davey 2000 acres, D'Arcy Wentworth 3150 acres, James Mitcham 700 acres, John Horsley 1200 acres, William Wentworth 1000 acres {RG}

March 31 - Governor Macquarie issues further grants or promises of grants: Cornelius O'Brien 300 acres at Bulli, Peter Lellis 40 acres, Richard Lellis 60 acres, Tim Fogarty 30 acres, Thomas Martin 60 acres, Thomas Trotter 80 acres, Thomas Moran 40 acres, Malachy Ryan 30 acres, Isaac Cornwall 60 acres, William Landran 60 acres, John Harris 60 acres, Michael Stack 100 acres, James Stack 100 acres, Michael Byrne 60 acres, John Rudd 60 acres, Thomas Rudd 60 acres, Denis Guiney 40 acres, Charles Macarthur 800 acres {RG}

31 - Regulations for timber cutting published {SG}

April 4 - Sir John Jamieson, Merchant Browne, William Cox, James Smith, Robert Cowper, James Jenkins, et al, obtain permission to cut cedar at Illawarra {Jervis, 1937 & 1939}

7 - Cornelius O'Brien collecting subscriptions for road to Wollongong via Mount Keira {SG; King, 1980}

May 3 - Mary, schooner, leaves Sydney for Port Dalrymple, Tasmania, but is wrecked at Twofold Bay {C}

5 - Cedar party at Illawarra {SG}

6 - Cornelius O'Brien begins work on road to Illawarra from Appin, via Mount Keira {King, 1980}

26 - Cedar party at Illawarra {SG}

29 - James Jenkins receives permission to cut 10,000 feet of cedar in the District of Illawarra and to employ David Anderson, William Ballance and W. Clarke, all Free, James Smith, a ticket of leave man, and John Bevan, a prisoner.

June 15 - Alexander McDonald of the Field of Mars receives permission to cut 10,000 feet of cedar and employ David Anderson, William Davis, free, James Perry, T of L, and William Clarke, prisoner.

23 - Report on wreck of the Mary at Twofold Bay. Survivors - Captain Richard Heaney, his wife Mary Ann Cooper, et al., travel overland to Sydney via Wollongong {SG, Cooper}

29 - Miles Leary, cabinet maker and carpenter of Sydney, receives permission to cut 10,000 feet of cedar and to employ James Ballance and William White, sawyers, and David Anderson and J.(I.) Smith, boatmen, all free.

July 16 - Mrs Butler of Sydney receives a permit to log 20,000 feet of cedar in Illawarra and to employ John Balance and William White as Sawyers and David Anderson and John Murphy (all free) as carriers.

September 3 - 2000 acres granted to D'Arcy Wentworth {RG}

October 28 - John Oxley compiles list of Illawarra land grantees for Commissioner Bigge {Bigge}

November - Lt Johnston in Snapper visits Batemans Bay {C}

15 - Rev. William Walker re Aboriginal tribes of New South Wales {Organ, 1991}

21 - Charles Throsby sets out for Jervis Bay from Bong Bong {Weatherburn, 1978}

26 - Rev. William Walker re Aboriginal tribes of New South Wales and Illawarra markings {Organ, 1993}

28 - David Johnston granted 700 acres at Illawarra {RG}

December - Report on Snapper visit to Batemans Bay {SG}

6 - Charles Throsby at Jervis Bay {Jervis, 1937; Weatherburn, 1978}

29 - Report on Charles Throsby journey to Jervis Bay and Hamilton Hume's concurrent visit {SG}

1822

General Muster and Land & Stock Muster taken at Appin for Illawarra landowners and residents.

January - Alexander Berry, Hamilton Hume, and Lt Johnston leave Sydney in the Snapper to investigate the far south coast and select land {Weatherburn, 1978}

9 - Berry and party arrive at the Shoalhaven River.

9 - Governor Macquarie and party leave Sydney for an overland visit to Illawarra {Macquarie, 1956}

11 - Report on Hamilton Hume's journey to Jervis Bay in December {SG}

15 - Governor Macquarie and party arrive at Mr Allan's farm at Red Point. Stay overnight at Merchant Browne's property at Yallah {Macquarie, 1956}

16 - Macquarie and party leave Yallah for Liverpool via Mount Brisbane and Lachlan Forest near Appin {Macquarie, 1956}

18 - Report of Macquarie's visit to Illawarra and subscription road from Appin to Illawarra {SG}

19 - Cornelius O'Brien letter to Macquarie re road to Illawarra {Jervis, 1942; King, 1980}

21 - Macquarie sends O'Brien letter to Sir Thomas Brisbane {Jervis, 1942; King, 1980}

22 - Throsby letter to Governor Macquarie re Bong Bong to Dapto road {Jervis, 1942}

February 23 - Letter from Henry Marsh to Col Sec re journey to south coast {Jervis, 1942}

March 14 - William Ralph granted 1000 acres {RG}

April 8 - Charles Throsby writes to Alexander Berry re Shoalhaven cedar venture, bearer of letter being a native named Broughton who had been born at Shoalhaven {Jervis 1941}

15 - Seth Hawker murders an Aboriginal woman at Illawarra {Organ, 1991}

May 10 - Robert Jenkins dies - his wife Jemima takes over the Berkeley estate {ADB}

10 - Judge Advocate to Colonial Secretary re Seth Hawker murder case {AONSW}

28 - Thomas Reddall sends depositions to Judge Advocate re Hawker murder case {AONSW}

June 14 - Report on trial and acquittal of Seth Hawker {SG}

21 - Alexander Berry and Hamilton Hume in cutter Blanche leave Sydney to establish Berry's settlement at Coolangatta, Shoalhaven {Jervis, 1937; Bayley, 1975; C; Organ 1993}

July 23 - Berry returns to Sydney; Hume stays on to develop property {Jervis, 1937}

August - Cattle driven from Illawarra to Berry's property at Coolangatta by Hamilton Hume and two men.

19 - Allan Cunningham begins his second visit to Illawarra to collect botanical speciments {McMinn}

26 - Allan Cunningham returns to Sydney {McMinn}

27 - Hamilton Hume to Alexander Berry re Coolangatta road {Organ, 1993}

September 1 - Andrew Allen of Illawarra {Col. Sec letter}

October 14 - Cornelius O'Brien marries Rebecca Broughton at Campbelltown {ADB}

22 - Charles Throsby Smith marries Sarah Broughton at Campbelltown.

November 29 - William Elyard promised 1000 acres {RG}

1823

C.T. Smith decides to settle at Illawarra {MacDonald, 1979; IHS Bulletin, June & July 1990; Memorial, Col Sec fiche 3155}

Hamilton Hume employed in charge of a gang cutting cedar on the mountain slopes north of Bulli {McCaffrey, 1929, 168}

January 10 - Commissioner Bigge's report presented to House of Commons - includes a description of Illawarra {Bigge, 1822}

20 - Allan Cunningham's third visit to Illawarra to collect botanical specimens {McMinn}

23 - Allan Cunningham returns to Sydney {McMinn}

February 11 - George Brown granted 500 acres {RG}

15 - Report on south coast drought {SG}

24 - Andrew Allen letter {Col Sec}

March 15 - Andrew Allen letter {Col Sec}

May 16 - John Paul granted 600 acres {RG}

June 30 - Merchant Browne granted 3800 acres at Yallah {Browne, 1975; RG}

August 21 - Annual Muster for residents/landowners of Appin and Illawarra held at Merchant Browne's Oaklands at Appin {Browne, 1975}

September 4 - Cornelius O'Brien advertises for an assistant {SG}

October 16 - Andrew Allen letter {Col Sec}

18 - Barron Field arrives in Illawarra {Field, 1825}

19 - Barron Field at David Allan's farm, Red Point {Field, 1825}

28 - Robert Anderson granted 100 acres {RG}

21 - Barron Field at Alexander Berry's, Coolangatta {Field, 1825}

28 - Alexander Monaghan granted 100 acres at Illawarra; Michael Carroll 100 acres {RG}

31 - Cornelius O'Brien obtains ticket of occupation for land at Kangaroo Ground {Jervis, 1951}

November 24 - Andrew Allen letter {Col Sec}

1824

Thomas Barron settles at Koonwary Creek - first European fisherman at Lake Illawarra.

January - Water Mole built at Coolangatta.

February 4 - Cornelius O'Brien given permission to occupy 300 acres at Bulli.

13 - Connor Bowlen (?Holohan) granted permission to occupy 300 acres at Ferrah Meadow {Col Sec}

17 - John Cullen granted 300 acres.

25 - Tribal gathering at Sydney, including 5 Illawarra Aborigines {Organ, 1991}

26 - Rev. Walker letter re claims of Aboriginal cannibalism at Camden {Organ, 1993}

April - Barge Experiment built at Coolangatta.

1 - Malachy Ryan appointed chief constable and poundkeeper for Illawarra; Callaghan poundkeeper; George Dignum, constable {SG}

June 4 - Richard Henry Browne granted 600 acres.

5 - John Paul granted 800 acres.

18 - George W. Paul granted 600 acres.

22 - David Allan's 2200 acres at Five Islands to let {SG}

22 - George Tate granted 500 acres at Spring Hill.

26 - George Brown granted 300 acres.

30 - Conor Bolan granted 60 acres.

July 6 - Henry Brooks granted 500 acres.

13 - M.J. Gibbons promised 600 acres at Stanwell Park.

15 - John Drummond granted 280 acres.

16 - Allan Cunningham's fourth visit to Illawarra to collect botanical specimens {McMinn}

22 - Allan Cunningham returns to Sydney {McMinn}

23 - Moses Brennan occupies land at Belambi.

August - Surveyor McBrien surveys from Black Head to the Shoalhaven {Jervis 1942}

5 - Peter Mooney granted 50 acres.

13 - Matthew John Gibbons obtains permit to occupy 600 acres at "Watermolly" near "Little Bullie" (Stanwell Park) {Jervis 1942}

24 - Patrick Callaghan granted 50 acres.

September 10 - Matthew Ryan granted 40 acres.

16 - Col Sec letter (4/1780) and map from Cornelius O'Brien re Kangaroo Ground and dispute with Richard Brooks {Bayley 1976}

October 1 - James Perry - Ticket of Leave for Illawarra.

December 22 - Meeting of Aboriginal tribes in Sydney {SG; Organ, 1991}

1825

Peter Cunningham, naval surgeon and author, visits Illawarra {Cunningham 1827}

January - Allan Cunningham's men visit Illawarra to collect specimens {McMinn}

6 - Deputation of London Missionary Society collect information on Illawarra Aborigines {Organ, 1991}

14 - Thomas Warton granted 100 acres; Michael Brennan granted 60 acres.

24 - Isaac David Nichols promised a grant of 600 acres at Macquarie Rivulet.

25 - Ticket of occupation withdrawn for land at Tilbolly (Bulli) held by Henry O'Brien, brother of Cornelius.

February 1 - Charles Macarthur promised 2000 acres at Illawarra.

March 25 - C.T. Smith's property at Wollongong surveyed by McBrien {Jervis 1942}

April - Surveyor McBrien continues survey of Illawarra grants. Surveys land for G. Tate, W. Weston, J. Wylie, Henry Brooks, I. Cornwell, W. Landran and T. Sims.

7 - Conor Bolan granted 140 acres.

19 - William Smith granted 600 acres.

20 - John Kelly granted 50 acres.

21 - William Harper granted 50 acres.

May 12 - Frederick Jones granted 60 acres; Daniel Brady 145 acres.

June 2 - Little Bulli Farm report {SG}

20 - William Underwood granted 70 acres.

21 - John Cowell granted 800 acres at Kiama.

30 - J.D. Wylie offers to graze cattle at Shoan Vale grant (Kembla Grange) {SG}

30 - Berry and Wollstonecraft granted 10000 acres at Shoalhaven; Denis Brien 60 acres at Illawarra.

July 7 - John Robinson in charge of Berkeley Farm {SG}

28 - Thomas Brown and John Williams - Tickets of Leave.

September 2 - J.S. Spearing promised 2000 acres (Paulsgrove) at Illawarra. Settles shortly thereafter {McDonald, 1988}

October - Charlotte washed ashore near Port Kembla {Lowey}

31 - John Martin and Sarah Amy Jarrett married by Reverend Thomas Kendall.

November 11 - Mary Ann Swan born.

14 - William Bland granted 1000 acres.

15 - Governor Brisbane orders 10000 acres to be allocated to Berry and Wollstonecraft at Shoalhaven.

28 - C.T. Smith's "Farm, Bustle Town" at Wollongong {SG}

December 1 - Stephen Redshaw - Ticket of Leave.

15 - Andrew Allen estate at Five Islands {SG}

29 - Estate of Berkeley Farm and Mrs Jenkins {SG}


The Illawarra Stockade 1826 - 1829

1826

Surveyor Thomas Florance at work in Illawarra. Surveyor Robert Dixon at work in Illawarra late 1826 to early 1827 {ADB}

January 5 - Charles Wooster married to Mary Ann Wilkinson by Reverend Thomas Kendall.

26 - James Swan born.

April 8 - M.J. Gibbons offers reward for mare lost from "Little Bullie [Stanwell Park] near Five Islands" {SG}

12 - Sawmills at Five Islands {SG}

25 - Lt William Frederick Weston dies at Horsley, West Dapto, aged 33 years.

26 - Australian: Illawarra settler complains of lawlessness in district.

June - Allan Cunningham's fifth visit to Illawarra to collect botanical specimens.

Government Order issued recalling all permits granted to cut cedar on unlocated ground {Jervis, 1939}

July 5 - Report on Illawarra Stockade to be formed by the 40th Regiment of Foot {SG}

5 - Australian: Report on Captain Bishop to be sent to Illawarra.

10 - Captain Bishop of the 40th Regiment receives instructions to go to Illawarra to protect settlers, apprehend escaped convicts and stop illegal cedar trade {Jervis, 1939}

19 - Report that Captain Bishop is now stationed at Red Point with an attachment of 30 soldiers {SG}

28 - David Souter letter to Berry and Wollstonecraft re Kiama etc.

August 2 - Samuel Walton - Ticket of Leave

9 - Report on new settlement at Illawarra {SG}

August 23 - Tenders for supply of troops at Illawarra accepted by C.T. Smith {SG}

September 2 - Moses Glover married to Emma Hills by Reverend Kendall.

October 7 - John Harper at Jervis Bay and Batemans Bay {Organ, 1991}

8 - The convict "Old Tom" Austin murdered at the Hell Hole, west of Wollongong {McDonald, 1966}

November - The French L'Astrolabe expedition under Dumont D'Urville sails by Illawarra, stopping at Jervis Bay {Bayley 1975, Jervis 1937}

December - First school established at Wollongong - J. Stack the teacher {IHS, October 1993}

2 - Report on departure of Captain Bishop of the 40th from stockade at Red Point {SG}

7 - Lieutenant John Fitzgerald Butler of the 39th Regiment officially succeeds Captain Bishop {Blue Books}

8 - Surveyor Oxley's report on cedar trade etc at Illawarra. Kiama Harbour identified as principal port for cedar trade in Illawarra {Jervis, 1939}

13 - Report on Lt Fitzgerald replacing Captain Bishop; plus burial ground at Wollongong {SG}

27 - Report on actions of Captain Bishop whilst at Illawarra {SG}

1827

Aboriginal blanket issue list at the Illawarra {AONSW}

January - Return of Convict Punishments {AONSW}

Shoemaker builds a hut on Wollongong beach

Report on visit of Wasp and 12 men to Ulladulla late in 1826 {SG}

1 - Government decree that Illawarra funeral services to be performed by local schoolmasters.

11 - Maria Rebecca Smith born.

18 - Thomas Pheban - Ticket of Leave.

29 - Thomas Leighton married to Angela Fredericks by Reverend Kendall.

February - Return of Convict Punishments {AONSW}

3 - James Green baptized at Lieutenant Butler's house, Red Point, by Reverend Kendall.

24 - Margaret May baptized at Alexander Berry's house by Reverend Kendall.

March - Return of Convict Punishments {AONSW}

1 - John McGrath - Ticket of Leave.

4 - Martin Lynch and family arrive in Illawarra, via old Mountain Road at Bulli. Settle at Fairy Meadow {McDonald 1979}

7 - Charles Throsby re Aborigines at Bong Bong {Organ, 1993}

27 - Grant at Bellambi, Illawarra promised to Miss Harriet Overington, wife of J.S. Spearing.

April - Augustus Earle, artist, travels to Illawarra, visiting Bulli and Kiama.

Return of Convict Punishments {AONSW}

2 - William Henry Broughton marries Mary Ward of Illawarra.

12 - J. Fitzgerald to Col Sec re blankets for Illawarra Aborigines {Organ, 1993}

13 - William Ritchie granted 60 acres at Jamberoo.

May - Augustus Earle, artist, in Illawarra.

3 - J. Fitzgerald to Col Sec re blankets for Illawarra Aborigines {Organ, 1993}

5 - Illawarra military stockade - 1 subaltern, 10 rank and file. 39th Regiment of Foot. Stationed at Red Point {HRA}

10 - Wollstonecraft to Berry, from Coolangatta {Organ, 1993}

13 - Convict sent to Lt Fitzgerald by J.S. Spearing re Hell Hole murder of 8 October last.

14 - Illawarra - 10 soldiers and some constables {HRA}

14 - Wollstonecraft to Berry, from Coolangatta {Organ, 1993}

19 - Augustus Earle letter re Illawarra visit.

20 - Richard Sherlock Fitzgerald born, son of Lt Fitzgerald.

30 - Report on Hell Hole incident {SG}

June 1 - Mrs Elizabeth Tate dies at Springhill, 36 years.

1 - Lt. Fitzgerald writes to Col Sec reporting discovery of body of servant of Mr Spearing's servant {AONSW, Col Sec letter 27/5272}

June 8 - Australian: Report on Hell Hole murder inquiry.

10 - Richard Fitzgerald baptised by Reverend Reddall.

11 - Mary Ann and James Swan baptised by Reverend Reddall.

12 - Sydney Monitor: Reward offered for murderer of "Old Tom".

20 - Australian: John Fitzgerald appointed JP at Illawarra.

23 - Elizabeth Tate buried by John Layton, catechist.

July 2 - Charley Hooka letter sent to Sydney by Lieutenant Fitzgerald.

3 - Wollstonecraft to Col Sec re Broughton {Organ, 1993}

16 - Illawarra in need of a township {SG}

August 20 - Report on Hell Hole murder case {SG}

20 - Sydney Monitor: Report on Hell Hole murder case.

20 - Australian: Report on Hell Hole murder case.

20 - Alexander Berry letter re Aboriginal skull from Shoalhaven {Organ, 1993}

September 7 - Illawarra schools {SG}

9 - Paulsgrove property granted to J.S. Spearing

17 - Aborigines describe river to the north of Pigeon House Mountain {SG}

29 - 1000 acres granted to Harriet Overington (Spearing)

October 19 - Reverend Thomas Kendall purchases 500 acres near Kiama.

November 1 - David Allan's 5 Island farm sold to Richard Jones.

22 - Monitor: Agriculture report and wealth.

December 6 - Reverend Thomas Kendall selects 1280 acres at Ulladulla.

25 - Reverend Kendall buries one of Mr Ritchie's convicts at Kiama.

26 - Allan Cunningham begin's sixth visit to Illawarra to collect botanical specimens.

1828

Author Alexander Harris visits Illawarra - later writes of life of cedar cutters at Kiama, and incident with bushrangers at Geraghty's farm, Woonona.

1828-36: Frederick Jones has farm at Coniston {IHS, September 1945}

First school at Wollongong closed.

James Schoobert secures several bags of coal from the Chippendale grant at Bulli and takes them to Sydney for testing.

Richard Jones sells Five Island Farm to W.C. Wentworth.

January 18 - Allan Cunningham returns to Sydney.

February 24 - Alexander Stewart arrives in Illawarra as a convict, assigned to Edward Corrigan.

March 2 - Maria Throsby Smith baptized at Wollongong by Reverend Kendall.

April 30 - Report on locals having to travel 30-40 miles to nearest magistrate {SG}

May 7 - Census of Illawarra Aborigines {Organ, 1993}

26 - George Bevis Harris (came free) made Constable at Illawarra, to replace John Jones (Ticket of Leave), removed for drunkenness and neglect of duty {SG}

June 3 - Col Sec letter to Major D'Arcy re duties as Magistrate at Wollongong.

8 - NSWGG: List of Illawarra Tickets of Leave.

19 - HRA: Illawarra station - 1 subaltern, 3 rank and file.

28 - Ticket of Leave list {SG}

July 2 - Letter from "A Five Islander"; notice re Cornelius O'Brien's property at Bulli {SG}

7 - Monitor: Letter from Illawarra re bushrangers.

15 - Major D'Arcy replaces Lieutenant Fitzgerald as resident magistrate.

17 - Henry Angel's ticket of leave for Illawarra cancelled by Lt Fitzgerald for harbouring a cattle thief.

August 11 - Monitor: Letter re Underwood's gang of bushrangers.

11 - Sutton Forest Aborigines {Organ, 1993}

16 - Enterprise schooner arrives at Sydney, from Shoalhaven. Owned by Alexander Berry.

30 - Monitor: Letter re Underwood's gang of bushrangers.

September 18 - Wollstonecraft letter to Berry re supposed massacre of Europeans at Twofold Bay {Organ,1993}

25 - HRA: Request for £150 for Major D'Arcy and £70 for house.

November 1 - Monitor: Bushrangers at Appin.

15 - J.S. Spearing letter to Col Sec re banditti in Illawarra.

December - Census taken late in the year. Total population of Illawarra about 368.

? Tribal gathering at Spring Hill {Stewart}

December 24 - New South Wales blanket issue summary {Organ, 1993}

1829

Population of Illawarra 792. James Pierce appointed Poundkeeper. 9000 horned cattle in Illawarra.

January 1 - Lieutenant John Fitzgerald Butler returns to Illawarra to replace Major D'Arcy.

17 - Letter complaining about Illawarra bushrangers {SG}

28 - Letter from Governor Darling re Michael Hyam {HRA, Jervis 1942 p201}

28 - Surveyor Knapp instructed to survey Kiama.

February 13 - Father Therry marries John Hart and Mary Brooker at Five Islands.

18 - John Buckland applies for Illawarra land

March 13 - Bushrangers at Illawarra {SG}

April 10 - Surveyor Knapp instructed to select veterans grants at Dapto.

11 - John Buckland granted 1920 acres at Balgownie.

24 - Australian: Report on the building of new barracks at Wollongong for soliders and police.

31 - Surveyor Govett stationed south of Stanwell Park.

May 9 - Henry Osborne and wife arrive in Sydney aboard Pyramus. Eventually granted 2560 acres at Illawarra

26 - Margaret Smith born.

June 1 - Town names and Postal localities in Illawarra proclaimed - Five Islands, Kiama, Gerringong, Shoalhaven, Coolangatta and Ulladulla {SG}

July 14 - John Buckland letter re land at Balgownie {Ryan}

28 - The Foxhound sinks off Coalcliff.

September 3 - Margaret Smith baptised by Reverend Reddall.

12 - Blanket issue return for Illawarra and Shoalhaven {Organ, 1993}

October 12 - Humphrey George and Mary Wickham married.

13 - J.D. Wylie granted 2000 acres at Kembla Grange. Transfers it to John Dunmore Lang who names it Dunlop Vale.

26 - Benjamin Rixon and Margaret Phinnamore married.

November 4 - Cornelius O'Brien letter to Col Sec re additional land grant at Bulli {King 1980}

December - Allan Cunningham's seventh visit to Illawarra to collect botanical specimens.

9 - Frederick Jones letter re Thomas Barrett and the fate of the Foxhound {IFHG}

30 - Detachment of 39th Regiment at Illawarra - 1 subaltern, 1 sergeant, 7 rank and file {HRA}

[Go to 1830]


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