HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

MODULE 5: RESPECT

PART C:
Achievement Test

The following questions are designed to enable you to show that you have understood the essential features of how the National Statement draws on and applies the value and principle of respect.

Feedback is provided on your answers. Where this indicates that you have not selected the optimal answer, you will be directed to review this Part and answer the question a second time.

Which of the following statements most accurately identifies how the National Statement applies the value of respect to information provided to research participants?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

Information should be provided with the aim of generating a mutual understanding between researchers and participants.


This is the best answer.

-

Information should be provided in ways that are suitable to participants.

This is not the best answer.

-

Information should be comprehensive of any risks and the intended benefits of the research.

This is not the best answer.


C2. Which of the following statements best shows how the National Statement applies the value of respect to a person's consent to participate in research?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

Once given, the consent is binding as an expression of a participant's autonomy


This is not the best answer.

-

Once given, the consent can be withdrawn at any time and may be renewed.

This is the best answer.

-

Once given, the consent can be withdrawn at any time but cannot be varied.

This is not the best answer.


C3. Which of the following statements best shows how the National Statement applies the value of respect to the waiver of the requirement for consent?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

institutions have responsibilities to publicly disclose information about waiver decisions.


This is not the best answer.

-

researchers must protect participants' privacy and the confidentiality of their data.

This is arguably the best answer because it expresses a respect for important aspects of participants' lives.

-

participation in the research must involve no more than low risk.

This is arguably an equally good answer and does express the value of respect but it could also be justified as expressing the value of beneficence, and for this reason the second answer is preferred.