HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: BENEFICENCE

PART C:
Achievement Test

The following questions are designed to enable you to show that you have understood the essential features of how the National Statement draws on and applies the value and principle of beneficence.

Feedback is provided on your answers. Where this indicates that you have not selected the optimal answer, you will be directed to review this Part and answer the question a second time.

C1. Which of the following states most accurately the means of identifying and quantifying benefits and risks of research advised by the National Statement?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

researchers and ethics review committee members should rely on their own experience

This is not the best answer

-

researcher and ethics review committee members should rely on the experience of prior similar research and sometime the opinions of potential participants in the research

This is the best answer

-

researcher and ethics review committee members should rely on the opinions of potential participants in the research

This is not the best answer

C2. Which of the following statements most accurately describes how the National Statement addresses the assessment of benefits and risks in clinical research that is combined with patient care?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

that patients who receive care can be asked to bear higher risks than those who do not

This is not the best answer

-

that patients who receive care should only be exposed to risks justified by the benefits that those participants regard as important

This is the best answer

-

that patients who receive care have higher expectations of benefits and for this reason can be expected to accept higher risks

This is not the best answer

C3. Which of the following statements most accurately states the function of monitoring human research?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

the function of monitoring is to prevent participants being exposed to risks of harm or discomfort

This is not the best answer.

-

the function of monitoring is to prevent researchers from making mistakes and causing harm to participants

This is the best answer.

-

the function of monitoring is to verify that the conduct of research conforms to the approved proposal.

This is the best answer – see National Statement chapter 5.5, p. 91.