HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: BENEFICENCE

PART A:
Achievement Test

The following questions are designed to enable you to show that you have understood the essential ethical features of the value and principle of beneficence that is used in the National Statement.

Feedback is provided on your answers. Where this indicates that you have not selected the optimal answer, you will be directed to review this Part and answer the question a second time.

A1. In the National Statement’s description of beneficence, which of the following is the most accurate statement of the relationship between intended benefits and risks of human research?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

the risks have always to be balanced by the benefits

This is not the best answer

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there must always be favourable risk-benefit ratio

This is not the best answer

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The intended benefits of research must justify the risks involved in the research.

This is the best answer

A2. Which of the following most accurately describes what the National Statement requires about risks of research?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

Risks should be identified, quantified and managed

This is not the best answer

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risks should be identified, quantified, minimised, justified and managed.

This is the best answer

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Risks should be identified, minimized and justified.

This is not the best answer

A3. Which of the following most accurately describes proportionate ethical review as authorized by the National Statement?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

the National Statement requires ethical review bodies to rely on the informed opinions of experienced researchers

This is not the best answer.

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all research involving more than low risk must be reviewed by a human research ethics committee.

This is the best answer.

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all research, other than that involving negligible risk, must be ethically reviewed by a human research ethics committee.

This is not the best answer.