HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: JUSTICE

PART C:
Using the National Statement

For each of the selected issues from the case study, which aspect of the VALUE and PRINICPLE of Justice and which GUIDELINE(S) would help you to answer the question? In addition to chapter 1 (Values and Principles), it is likely that chapters 3.1 (Qualitative methods), 4.2 ( Children and young people), 4.3 (People in dependent or unequal relationships) and 4.4 (People with a cognitive impairment, an intellectual disability or a mental illness) will be relevant.

You are encouraged to make some choices of your own in the free text box provided before clicking the PRINCIPLES and, where present, GUIDELINE(S) buttons after each question to take you to the suggested answers.

  1. Although statistically valid, is the confinement of the research to the residents on the Northern database fair?

A. Which is the relevant aspect of the Value and Principle of Justice?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

1.4 In research that is just:
(a) taking into account the scope and objectives of the proposed research,
the selection, exclusion and inclusion of categories of research participants is fair, and is accurately described in the results of the research;



B. Which is or are the relevant guidelines?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

3.1.9 The criteria for inclusion and exclusion of participants in qualitative research
are often complex. For this reason, researchers should state these criteria clearly and be able to justify them (see also paragraphs 3.1.14 to 3.1.16).



  1. Will any of those on the Northern database be suffering from such burdens as a result of dislocation after the fires that adding the burden of participation would be unfair?

A. Which is the relevant aspect of the Value and Principle of Justice?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

1.4 In research that is just:
(c) there is no unfair burden of participation in research on particular groups;



B. Which is or are the relevant guidelines?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

4.3.4 People in the categories of relationship described in the Introduction to this
chapter are vulnerable to being overresearched because of the relative ease of access to them as research populations. Researchers should take account of this vulnerability in deciding whether to seek out members of these populations as research participants.



  1. Is the inclusion of children unfair to them? Why of why not?

A. Which is the relevant aspect of the Value and Principle of Justice?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

1.4 In research that is just:
(e) there is no exploitation of participants in the conduct of research;



B. Which is or are the relevant guidelines?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

4.2.4 When children and young people are not of sufficient maturity to consent to participation in research, it is justifiable to involve them only when:
(a) it is likely to advance knowledge about the health or welfare of, or other matters relevant to, children and young people; or
(b) children’s or young people’s participation is indispensable to the conduct of the research.



  1. Is the inclusion of those people with intellectual or mental impairments unfair to them? Why or why not?

A. Which is the relevant aspect of the Value and Principle of Justice?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

1.4 In research that is just:
(f) there is fair access to the benefits of research.



B. Which is or are the relevant guidelines?

You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

4.5.3 People with a cognitive impairment, an intellectual disability, or a mental illness are entitled to participate in research, and to do so for altruistic reasons.



  1. Is the plan for provision of the results of the study fair?

  2. A. Which is the relevant aspect of the Value and Principle of Justice?

    You are encouraged to write your answers to this question in the box below. This is not a test but rather an opportunity to see whether the issues you identify are the same, in substance, as those that can be accessed by selecting the "Show Answer" tab below the box.

    1.5 Research outcomes should be made accessible to research participants in a way that is timely and clear.

    NOTE: there is no GUIDELINE question under 8