HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS

HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: JUSTICE

PART A:
Achievement Test

The following questions are designed to enable you to show that you have understood the essential ethical features of the value and principle of justice that is used in the National Statement.

Feedback is provided on your answers. Where this indicates that you have not selected the optimal answer, you will be directed to review this Part and answer the question a second time.

A1. Which of the following is the most accurate statement of the meaning of justice in human research ethics?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

those who bear the burdens of participation should receive the benefits of the research

This is not the best answer.

-

those who bear the burdens of participation should have fair access to the benefits of the research

This is the best answer.

-

those who bear the burdens of participation should receive more of the benefits of the research than others

This is not the best answer.

A2. Which of the following is the most accurate statement of what amounts to exploitation of participants in the conduct of human research?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

participants are selected from electoral rolls by random choice and without prior notice

This is not the best answer.

-

participants take on the risks and burdens of participation for no return

This is true of exploitation but is not the best answer

-

participants take on the risks and burdens of participation to generate results that are used to provide benefits to people other than the participants

This is the best answer.

A3. Which of the following best illustrates the concept of fairness in participant selection used in the National Statement?

Select which of the following you regard as the best answer.

     

all those who respond to public invitations to participate

This is not the best answer.

-

those whose relevant characteristics meet the scientific design of the research and who respond to public invitations to participate

This is the best answer.

-

those selected by researchers from lists of people with relevant characteristics that meet the scientific design of the research and who have responded to public invitations to participate

This is not the best answer.