[1] Robert Jamieson and Ray Plibersek, `Legal Rights of Industry Against Conservationists', paper presented to Third Annual Pollution Law Conference, Sydney 28-29 October and Melbourne 30-31 October 1991.

[2] George W. Pring and Penelope Canan, `"SLAPPs"--"Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Par+icipation" in Government -- Diagnosis and Treatment of the Newest Civil Rights Abuse', in Civil Rights Litigation and Attourney Fees Annual Handbook, Clark Boardman, 1993, p.380.

[3] Pring and Canan 1993, op.cit., p.384.

[4] Katherine Bishop, `New Tool of Developers and Others Quells Private Opposition to Projects', The New York Times, 26 April 1991.

[5] Pring and Canan 1993, op.cit., p.381.

[6] Ibid., pp. 384-5.

[7] Jamieson and Plibersek, op.cit., pp10 and 11.

[8] Supreme Court, Ensile Pty Ltd and Lady Carrington Estates Pty Ltd vs James Edward Donohoe, Jennifer Donohoe and Timothy Tapsell, Amended Statement of Claim, filed 10th May 1994.

[9] R.D.Walshe, `Storm over Helensburgh', leaflet, Sutherland Shire Environment Centre, 1995.

[10] Supreme Court, Ensile Pty Ltd and Lady Carrington Estates Pty Ltd vs James Edward Donohoe, Jennifer Donohoe and Timothy Tapsell, Amended Statement of Claim, filed 10th May 1994.

[11] Supreme Court, Ensile Pty Ltd and Lady Carrington Estates Pty Ltd vs James Edward Donohoe, Jennifer Donohoe and Timothy Tapsell, Defence, October 1993.

[12] correspondence, Gye Perkes & Stone Lawyers to Messrs Ashton Stedman, 20 June 1994.

[13] Althea Mouhtouris, `Legal action mars inquiry', Illawarra Mercury, 6 July 1994, p.7.

[14] `Carr environment policy cancels out Helensburgh residential plan', St George and Sutherland Shire Leader, 20 July 1995, p. 15.

[15] Kim Goldberg, `SLAPPs Surge North: Canadian Activists Under Attack', The New Catalyst 25, Winter 1992/3, p.2.

[16] Peter Nye, `Surge of SLAPP Suits Chills Public Debate', Public Citizen, Summer 1994, p.15.

[17] quoted in Pring and Canan 1993, op.cit., p. 382.

[18] quoted in ibid., p. 381.

[19] Catherine Dold, `SLAPP Back!', Buzzworm: The Environmental Journal IV (4), July/Aug 1992, p.36.

[20] Tobi Lippin, `Uncivil Suits', Technology Review 94(3), 14 April 1991, p.15.

[21] Dold, op.cit., p.36.

[22] quoted in Pring and Canan 1993, op.cit., p. 382.

[23] George W. Pring and Penelope Canan, `"SLAPPs"--"Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Par+icipation" in Government -- Diagnosis and Treatment of the Newest Civil Rights Abuse', in Civil Rights Litigation and Attourney Fees Annual Handbook, Clark Boardman, 1993, p. 387.

[24] Goldberg, op.cit., p.2.

[25] Penelope Canan and George Pring, `Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation', Social Problems 35(5), December 1988, p. 515.

[26] Pring and Canan 1993, op.cit., p.381.

[27] Chris Tollefson, `Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation: Developing a Canadian Response', The Canadian Bar Review 73, 1994, p. 207.

[28] George Pring, Penelope Canan and Vicky Thomas-McGuirk, `SLAPPS: A New Crisis and Opportunity for the Government Attorney' part 1, National Enviornmental Enforcement Journal, April 1994, p. 7.

[29] Tollefson, op.cit., p. 207.

[30] "Sewage will still flow into sea, group says', The Northern Star, 2 April 1993.

[31] `No sewage in ocean: Apology', The Northern Star, 10 April 1993.

[32] Ibid.

[33] CJ Gleeson, Judgement, Council of the Shire of Ballina v Ringland, The Supreme Court of NSW Court of Appeal, 25 May 1994, p19.

[34] Personal communication, Bill Ringland, 1995.

[35] Daniel Lewis and Deborah Cornwall, `Trial of Greens "Risk to Rights"', oz.green, 12 July 1993;

James Prest, `The Muzzling of the Dingo Forest Mob', Chain Reaction 70, January 1994, p.22.

[36] personal communication, Alistair Harris, former Trade Union Liaison Officer, Greenpeace Australia, April 1995.

[37] Jamieson and Plibersek, op.cit., p4.

[38] Personal communication, Lara Crew, former Greenpeace campaigner, April 1995.

[39] Ibid.

[40] Jamieson and Plibersek, op.cit., p4.

[41] Alistair Harris, Trade Union Liaison Officer, Wilderness Society, evidence to the Senate Committee on Employment, Education and Training, 20 August, 1993.

[42] Dold, op.cit., p.36.

[43] Nye, op.cit., p. 15.

[44] Pring and Canan 1993, op.cit., p.380.

[45] Stephen Keim, `Dealing wtih S.L.A.P.P. Suits', Australian Environmental Law News, No. 2, June 1994, p.42.

[46] Personal communication, David Haigh, July 1995.

[47] reproduced in Canan and Pring, op.cit., p. 511.

[48] Kelpie Wilson, `Sapphire Six Sacrificed by Oregon Supreme Court', Earth First! Mabon 1993, p.30.

[49] Danny Penman, `McLibel Two make silly burgers of McDonald's', Sydney Morning Herald, 30 June 1995.

[50] Ibid.

[51] Anon, `McLibel', Chain Reaction 72, 1994, p.9; Background Briefing, Radio 2RN, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 30/4/95.

[52] Ibid.

[53] Ibid.

[54] Tollefson, op.cit., p. 205.

[55] Keim, op.cit., p45.

[56] Bishop, op.cit.

[57] Diana Jean Schemo, `Silencing the Opposition Gets Harder', New York times, 2 July 1992; Pring, Canan and Thomas-McGuirk, op.cit., p. 7.

[58] Goldberg, op.cit., p.2.

[59] Keim, op.cit., p.44.

[60] quoted in Ibid.

[61] Keim, op.cit., pp47-8.

[62] Jamieson and Plibersek, op.cit., p4.

[63] See for example Brian Martin et al, eds, Intellectual Suppression: Australian Case Histories, Analysis and Responses, Angus and Robertson, North Ryde, 1986; Sharon Beder, Engineers, Ethics and Etiquette, New Scientist, 25 September 1993, pp. 36-41.