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SMS Novara in Sydney, 1858

Appendices

{The following appendices contain material of relevance to the visit to Sydney in November-December 1858 of the Austrian frigate Novara and its scientific contingent.}

Appendix 1: Governor William Denison to Sir Roderick Murchison

{Letter to the English geologist Sir Roderick Murchison, from New South Wales Governor Sir William Denison, seeking information on New Zealand coal and referring to a request he made of Commodore Wüllerstorf-Urbair of the Novara for a geologist to assist with a study of the respective coalfield. The expedition's geologist Ferdinand Hochstetter was eventually seconded to the task. Letter extracted from Sir William Denison, Varieties of Viceregal Life, Longmans, London, 1870, I, 454}

To Sir Roderick Murchison

Sydney, November 9, 1858

My dear Sir Roderick,

The Governor of New Zealand wrote to me a short time ago, asking me to send down a competent person to examine and report upon a coal-field which had just been discovered near Auckland. I had nobody at my disposal so I asked the Commodore of the Austrian frigate, 'Novara,' to help me, which he gladly consented to do, and has sent his geologist (Dr. Hochstetter), to examine the Auckland coal-field.

From the specimens sent up to me, I should say it was lignite, formed from the debris of a Kauri pine forest: the Kauri gum is mixed with the coal in great quantities. I do not know what the specific gravity of ordinary lignite is: the specimen I examined was as heavy as ordinary coal, being 132.8, as near as possible the same as that of coal to the south of Sydney. the bed of lignite is said to be about four feet thick.

Yours very truly

Wm. Denison


Appendix 2: William Macarthur to Emily Macarthur

 {Letter from William Macarthur to his sister-in-law Emily, PMK Collection, Camden Park, New South Wales. Transcribed by Annette Macarthur-Onslow. The letter retains to the visit to Illawarra by a contingent of Novara scientists and officers.}

19th November 1858

Elliot's hotel, Wollongong

Friday Morning

My Dear Emily,

We got on quite well yesterday. Got to Appin at 1/2 past 7 having taken 2 hours and 20 minutes frm starting. We found that the Commodore had been brought up at Appin by the approach of night and had only proceded us about an hour.

We got on our horses and upon leaving Sir Thos Mitchell's Pass observing that the old track for down and up seemed as if still occassionally used I determined to try it. Though rough we found it quite practable and the road on this side as well rough, much obstructed by fallen trees and branches. Notwithstanding obstructions we got on so well as to overtake the Commodore about 5 miles from the top of the mountain (nine miles from this - Sanderson and the cart being still behind.

We got to the top of the mountain at 11.30 am and I commenced my search for the specimens I require - I got on so well that before the cart came up at one p.m. I had found some 40 or 50 suitable specimens of 3 sorts of the tree fern within 50 yards of the road and arranged for getting them today. The forth sort I must look for in another place. If we get on today as well as I hope we shall get a good portion of what I require.

The party are going out Wallaby shooting with a few natives today. Mr Edward Hill is their guide - not a very nice one. Interesting here on - the general belief is that one of the Austrians is brother of the Emperor of Austria and it is quite amusing to observe the number of sailors from the party in walking through the town. I am to dine with them in their Hotel today.

We are very comfortable here although the place has a folorn dilapidated look down stairs - Upstairs it is clean and comfortable. Adieu -

Love to James and Elizabeth

Ever your affect.

William Macarthur

We shall be home on Tuesday evening. D.V.


Appendix 3: Emily Macarthur's Journal, 1858

{Extracts from the Journal of Emily Macarthur. Mrs Macarthur, wife of James Macarthur (brother of William Macarthur), was resident at Camden Park, where a Novara contingent composed of Commodore Wüllerstorf-Urbair, Karl Scherzer, Johann Zelebor, Josef Selleny and Kraus) spent the evening of Tuesday, 16 November prior to setting off for the Illawarra district}

Nov. 16. Austrian officers came. Mr Tincombe here.

17. They left. Took a walk.

18. Wm. & Freddy [Bowman] to Illawarra. Took a ride.

23. Wm. & Fred came from Illawarra. Very hot.

{William Macarthur and Freddy Bowman met up with the Austrian party on the road from Appin to Illawarra during Thursday, the 18th. They all dined together at Wollongong's Brighton Hotel the following evening, and on Saturday, 20 November the Novara contingent headed back to Sydney. William and Freddy stayed on in Illawarra to finish their collecting, before returning home to Camden Park on the morning of Tuesday, 23 November, as previously indicated in William's letter of the 19th.


Appendix 4: Presentation by the German Residents of Sydney

To the Commodore,

the Officers and the Scientific Gentlemen

of the Austrian Imperial man-of-war Novara.

Gentlemen,

We, the undersigned German residents of Sydney, bid you a hearty welcome on your safe arrival at this port. You will receive this welcome as a proof of our deepest sympathy with the great undertaking in which you are engaged for the purpose of expanding science and knowledge throughout the world.

We feel proud as Germans that it will be apparent to our English and colonial co-residents that, not only men like Dr. Leichhardt, but also our greatest German monarchs, use every exertion for the promotion of arts and science.

Distant from our native land, we can only prove our love and attachment to the same by transplanting German usages and customs wherever fate may guide us, and by remembering always our origin wherever Germans meet us in the path of life. Such a sign of constant remembrance to the far-distant land of our birth, such a solemn proof of our high veneration for German art and civilization, we endeavour to show by the festival of this day. May the expression of our sentiments prove to you, gentlemen, a well-promising blossom of the German life tree, transplanted to Austrlaia on the shores of the Pacific Ocean.

The outfitting of this Expedition of the Novara for these scientific and glorious objects have filled us with the highest admiration for Austria's young Monarch, and his Imperial Highness the Archduke Max, who, like their great ancestor Joseph, prove themselves stars among German potentates, by protecting arts and science. Allow us, also, gentlemen, to express how greatly we admire the staunch perseverence which you show by prosecuting the object of your undertaking under so many dangers and privations, and let us also on this occasion acknowledge our deep veneration for those men and oryphaes of German art and science, who, in conjunction with our great world-known countryman Alexander von Humboldt, have materially assisted you in your enterprise.

May the result of this Expedition of the Novara realise your most sanguine expectations. The deeds of this circumnavigation of the world will be engraved on the tablets of history, and delivered to posterity, and even in future ages will be a lasting proof, what German mind has been able to accomplish in arts and sciences, for the promotion of the welfare of all mankinds.

We are, &c., .....

Sydney, 24 November 1858.

Wm Kirchner, W. Hetzer, B. Prerich, H. Tauffen, Charles Lamy, C.B. Süssmilch, F. Gelbrecht, Joh. Alex. Engel, F. Reyling, Joseph Rohn, Fredk. Hamburger, Karl Poeff, S. Zöllner, Georg Link, Mr Leiffad, F. Kellerman, Wm. Kellerman, George Engel, Franz Ertz, Peter Oppel sen. & jun., Louis Reyling, Petersen Mann, F. Schmidt, L. Heitl, Augustus Jeremia, J. Degotardi, M. Baar, F.J. Lander, J.C. Parrot, Augustin Parrot, C.M. Degner, C.W.F. Stier, J. Poehlmann, Albert Kirschhaan, John F. Lincker, Adolf Thadler, Charles Rilms, Karl Kern, F. Ch. Uberio, Martin Hetzer, C.B. Horstmann, Leopold Franc, W. Obermann, F. Feseseld, W. Sauerbier, W. Daeuzler, E. Juergens, T. Degeto, E. Beckmann, J. Hagen, George and D. Cox, Wilhelm von Wedell, F. Mader von Karlsruhe, W. Haser, U. Boekemann, P. Hoffmann, K. Bode, S. Weimar, Moritz Wacker, Rom Beckes, John Klein, Ch. Zeitler, Henry Wubass, George Foesch, William Bauer, Adolf Heitz, C.F. Eichler, Dr. med., W. Bartel, Otto Sutor von Hamburg, H. Minoltz, Cassigo von Berlin, F. Schlachter, B. Dingeldei, W. Bauer, C. Schallehn, W. Fischer, S. Licker, Ch. F. Menrer, J. Berthold, B. v. Reidel, P.W. Brockfatt aus Bremen, H. Ballaces, H. David Schaedtler, Frauzino, F.U. Reyling, U. Schumacher, H. Broth, Henry Rockstroh, Heussner and Bartels, J.B. Miethe, F. Undersen, John Uuerbach, J.H. Koeper, Leonhardt Boenne, Heinrich Ziems, August Roschwitz, August Dahlquist, C.P. Brakhausen, J. Dresler, George Eckardt, John Maak aus Uflona, Charles Kragen, M.C. Boehrsmann aus Uflona, S. Hinz, H. Bieske, P. Oehlich, J.R. Pein, F. Miethling, Charles Fischer, Gottfried Fischer, P.C. Undersen, Hermann Vogel, Rudolf Schlosltein, P. Petersen, H. Ranninger


Appendix 5: Karl von Scherzer's Australian Reference Material, Reports and Objects

{Reports, published materials, and ethnographic items despatched from Sydney in connection with the scientific pursuits of the Novara expedition. This list was prepared by Karl Scherzer and printed in Karl Scherzer, Das Zweite Jahr Erdumsegelung S.M. Fregatte Novara {The Second Year of the Round-the-World Voyage of the Frigate Novara}, Vienna, 1859, 15-17. A rough translation follows}

VII. Sydney (Australia. Visit from 6 November to 7 December)

A. Essays

1 - Examination of the influence of the Transportation System on the development of the Colony of New South Wales.

2 - The history of German immigration to Australia.

3 - Political economy and national economic notes on the British colony of New South Wales.

4 - Further communication on the Chinese sugar cane (Sorghum saccharatum) in the case of the eating culture of Australia and New Zealand.

5 - Ethnographies of the Australians.

6 - Vocabulary of the Illawarra dialects, spoken by the natives in the southeastern part of Australia.

7 - On the body measurements used for diagnostic study of the human race. A systematic plan which is used by the Imperial Australian frigate Novara during its round-the-world voyage, on individuals from diffferent races, employed for measurement in a dignified manner.

8 - On Measurements as a diagnostic means for distinguishing the human races. A systematic plan, established and investigated for the purpose of taking measurements on individuals of differant races during the voyage of H.I.R.M.'s frigate Novara round the world. The latest version of both essays (as well as the original with the English translation) written in colloaboration with Dr. E. Schwarz.

B. Objects Acquired

1 - An Australian Grammar, Comprehending the principles and natural rules of language as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter River, Lake Macquarie, etc., by L.E. Threlkeld. Sydney, 1834.

2 - An Australian Spelling-book etc., by L.E. Threlkeld. Sydney, 1836.

3 - A Vocabulary of the dialects of South-Western Australia, by Captain George Grey, Governor of N.S. Wales. 1841.

4 - L.E. Threlkeld. A key to the structure of the Aboriginal language spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter River, Lake Macquarie etc.; together with Comparisons of Polynesian and other dialects. Sydney, 1850.

5 - J. Meligan F.L.S. Vocabulary of dialects of Aboriginal tribes of Tasmania.

6 - Vocabulary of the language of the Natives of Yap Island (Carolina Archipelago).

7 - Vocabulary of the language of the Natives of the Pelew Islands.

8 - Vocabulary of the language of the Natives of Eddystone Island (New Georgia).

9 - Vocabulary of the language of the Natives of Eddystone Island (New Georgia).

10 - Vocabulary of the language of the Natives of the New Hebrides (Vocati Island, Steward's Island and Howe's Group).

11 - Official Report and Gazetteer of Central Polynesia, by Charles St. Julian, His Hawaiian Majesty's Commissioner and political and commercial Agent, to the independent States and tribes of Polynesia and Consul General for New South Wales and Tasmania. Sydney, 1857.

12 - Narrative of an expedition undertaken under the direction of the late Assistant Surveyor E.B. Kennedy Esq. for the exploration of the country lying between Rockingham Bay and Cape York. By W. Caron, one of the survivors of this expedition. Sydney, 1849.

13 - Report of the Overland Expedition by W. Stuart and A.C. Gregory in their search for Dr. Leichhardt's Expedition. September 1858.

14 - Catalogue of the Natural and Industrial Products of N.S. Wales, exhibited in the Australian Museum, by the Paris Exhibition Commissioners. Sydney, 1854.

15 - Statistics of New South Wales for 1847-53.

16 - Statistics of New South Wales for 1848-57.

17 - Census of the Colony of New South Wales taken on the 1st of March 1856 under the Act of Council 19 Vict. 3. Sydney, 1857.

18 - First and Second Annual Report from the Register General. Sydney, 1858.

19 - Report of the Postmaster General on the Post Office. Sydney, 1857.

20 - Laws and Regulations relating to the Waste Lands in the Colony of New South Wales. Sydney, 1858.

21 - Explanatory observations on the Immigration Remittance Regulations, compiled by the Agent for Immigration for general information. Sydney, 1858.

22 - Second report to the Honourable the Secretary for Finance and Public Works on the Internal Communications of New South Wales. Sydney, 1858.

23 - Memorandum of His Excellency the Governor General, respecting a System of Secondary Punishment. Sydney, May 1857.

24 - Report of the Select Committee of the legislative Council, appointed on the 26th of May 1858, to inquire into the present system of German Immigration into this Colony. Sydney, 1858.

25 - Regulations for the Management of the Goldfields. Sydney, 1858.

26 - Australian Almanack 1857-58.

27 - Sydney Magazine of Science and Art, Vol. 1, 1858.

28 - Revd. J.D. Lang. Freedom and Independence for the Golden Lands of Australia. London, 1852.

29 - W.H. Archer. The Statistical Register of Victoria, from the Foundation of the Colony. Melbourne, 1854.

30 - Two Aboriginal crania from the Brisbane River, (Moreton Bay, Australia).

31 - Two Aboriginal crania from Chatham Island, (New Zealand).

32 - 86 pieces of diverse ethnographic objects, from the 40 gifts of the Australian Museum in Sydney, exchanged for 46 items from the Imperial Expedition. [Footnote: This collection of books and ethnographic objects ..........., on the 6 December 1858 from the Consul Mr Kirchner, of the firm of Wilhelm Kirchner & Co., in Sydney and further transported for handing over to the Maritime Commander at Trieste (Haidinger, Scherzer)].

C. Individuals whom we met with in Sydney and who have been of particular help in the acquisition of material and various scientific pursuits:

His Excellency Sir William Denison, Governor of New South Wales.

Dr George Bennett, Trustee of the Australian Museum.

Reverend L.G. Threlkeld.

Edward S. Hill.

Charles Moore, Director of the Botanical Gardens.

Wilhelm Kirchner, Prussian Consul.


Appendix 6 : The Novara Diaries of Karl von Scherzer

{The following listing and summary of the Scherzer diaries was written by the late J.E. Fletcher and published in his book on John Degotardi.}

The Novara Diaries of Karl von Scherzer: 30 April 1857 - 26 August 1859

Karl von Scherzer (1821-1903) was an Austrian economist, ethnologist, and later consular official. The manuscript account of his time aboard the Novara between 1857-9 is to be found in three diaries in the Mitchell Library collection, Sydney. They were acquired from local book dealers and publishers Angus and Robertson on 17 July 1939 (according to a pencilled note in the gutter of page l, Diary I). Scherzer's much printed version - more complete, more formal, more documented, less frank - of the Novara's voyage is his three volume Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858 und 1859, Imperial and Royal State and Court Printery, Vienna 1861-2; I (1861) xii 368, 37; II (1861) viii, 454, 20; III (1862) viii, 436; appendices. An English translation, also in three volumes, but without the numerous illustrations and some tables and appendicies, appeared from 1861-3 in London (Saunders, Otley & Co.), whilst later editions in German and Italian were also published.

The contents of Scherzer's three diaries are briefly described below, taken from John E. Fletcher's German Manuscripts (1538-1864) in the Libraries of Sydney: A Descriptive Catalogue, (Book Collectors' Society of Australia, Sydney, 1988, 73-6). Pages not described in this listing are presumed blank. Microfilmed copies of the diaries are at Mitchell Library CY789.

* Diary, Volume I - On board the Austrian frigate Novara, 30 April - 7 December 1857.

Mitchell Library, Sydney, A2633, 28.5 x 22.5 cm, 290pp. All three diaries are boards, full cloth, with the inside front cover bearing the stationer's label of 'C. Rollinger, Vienna'. For Volume I, the diary proper begins on page 81. The prefatory material contains:

3-6 Introduction, with description of the Novara.

9-14 Description of scientific observations to be made.

17-18 On Alexander von Humboldt's recommendations of physical and geological features to be noted.

21-2 Measurements to be made on human skulls and the skeleture of animals, birds and fishes.

25-7 On J. Zelebor's responsibility to preserve living mammals (listed) and birds (listed).

29-30 On various ways of catching fish and trapping animals and birds.

31-2 Distances sailed.

33-42 "A list of those doctors and scientists who were sent the English translation of our proposed procedures in measuring [human skulls] to determine racial differences" in: Rio de Janeiro, Cape of Good Hope, Ceylon, Madras, Singapore, Batavia, Manila, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, Auckland, Tahiti, Valparaiso, Santiago, Lima, Panama, St. Thomas Island, North America, Central America, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Cuba, London, Germany and Switzerland.

43 Lists of comparative weights and measures.

45 Books to be acquired.

53 "Maxims collected during a circumnavigation of the earth."

59-64 Thoughts on previous circumnavigators and their various fates. The commercial and scientific advantages to be drawn from a circumnavigation of the world.

67-71 A listing (31 points) of scientific and commercial observations and notes to be made.

73-4 On those on board the Novara who are responsible for such observations: how these are to be made and recorded.

75-8 "General questions" (30 itemised points).

79 "Local questions". Has only "Rio de Janeiro and Brazil in general".

80 Psalm 107, verses 23 and 24 (in English).

81-290 'Diary kept from the day of departure on board His Majesty's frigate Novara during her circumnavigation of the earth." The diary runs from 30 April 1857 (Trieste) to 7 December 1857 (on leaving Amsterdam Island, in the South Indian Ocean). Not every day is noted. Places visited are Gibraltar (20-30 May), Madeira (8-17 June), Rio de Janeiro (5-31 August), Cape of Good Hope (2-26 October) and the Islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam (19 November - 6 December).

Scherzer describes the routine of ship life, and the regular scientific observations carried out. For their successive and apparently invariably successful shore visits he lists in some detail, with an occasional frankness not designed for publication, the people he encounters, the institutions and private homes he enters, the social events organised for and by the Novara the various expeditions into the hinterland. He glosses too the comments and activities of both the Commodore, B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair, and the captain, F. von Pöck. He writes with more objectivity of the doings of his fellow scientists on board: the zoologists G. Frauenfeld and J. Zelebor, the botanists E. Schwarz and A. Jellinek, the geologist F. Hochstetter and the artist J. Selleny. Statistical tables are frequently copied out. These and other items, usually referring to trade and trading figures, are taken from various local newspapers, gazettes, almanacs.

The diary digresses at:

85-6 List of stores carried.

86-7 Names of officers, heads of divisions, number of seamen.

87 Members of scientific commission on board named and designated.

87-92 List of scientific instruments on board, their suppliers and those on board now responsible for their use and safety.

* Diary, Volume II - On board the Austrian frigate Novara, 8 December 1857 - 16 September 1858.

Mitchell Library, Sydney, A2634, 28.5 x 22.5 cm, ii, 272pp. Contents as follows:

i Chinese characters.

ii [Skull] "Measurements taken on Java, 10-25 May 1858".

1-272 Diary, kept from 8 December 1857 (on leaving Amsterdam Island in the South Indian Ocean) to 16 September 1858 (at sea, between Shanghai and the island of Puynipet (Ponape]). Not every day is noted. Places visited are Ceylon (8-16 January 1858), Madras (31 January - 10 February), Nicobar Islands (23 February - 26 March), Singapore (15-21 April), Java (5-29 May), Manila (15-25 June), Hong Kong (5-18 July) and Shanghai (25 July - 11 August).

272 "Plan to be followed in measuring (human bodies and skulls)".

* Diary, Volume III - On board the Austrian frigate Novara, 17 September 1858 - 26 August 1859.

Mitchell Library, Sydney, A2635, 28.5 x 22.5 cm, 290pp. Contents as follows:

1-272 Diary kept from 17 September 1858 (on approaching the island of Puynipet [Ponape]) to 26 August 1859 (return to Trieste). Not every day is noted. Places visited are the islands of Puynipet (18 September 1858) and Sikayana [Stewart] (17 October), Sydney (5 November - 7 December), Auckland (22 December - 8 January 1859), Tahiti (11-28 January) and Valparaiso (17 April - 11 May 1859).

Scherzer left the Novara on 11 May 1859 in Valparaiso (168) and travelled overland to the Bay of Panama which he reached on 21 June 1859. He travelled via Coquimbo (17 May), Caldera (18 May), Cobija (20 May), Iquique (20 May), Arica (21 May), Islay (22 May), Chala (23 May), Pisco (24 May) and Callao (186). He was in Lima until 12 June (187-221), from where he visited Cajamarquilla (2 June) and Pachacamac (7 June). He continued his journey to Panama via Huanchaco (14 June), Lambayeque (15 June), Paita (16 June) and Taboga Island (20 June).

In the Bay of Panama he travelled by the steamship Midway (captain Hole) to Cartagena (23 June) to St.Thomas (30 June). On I July he boarded the Magdalena (captain Abbott) bound for Southampton where he arrived on 19 July (246), after a brief stopover in Falmouth on 18 July. From 20-27 July he was in London (249-57), visiting friends and publishers. On 27 July he left Southampton by the steamship Behar for Gibraltar, where he rejoined the Novara and her crew on 1 August 1859 (258). The Novara's own progress from Valparaiso (12 May 1859: 168) to Gibraltar (1 August 1859: 258) remains then unchronicled, both here and in the printed Reise which also follows (III 295-399) Scherzer's landbound itinerary rather than the Novara's rounding of Cape Horn and crossing of the South Atlantic.

264 "To those returning home on the frigate Novara." Five 4-line stanzas by H. Littrow (Trieste, 10 August 1859).

273 Printing costs of Scherzer's Reise (see No. 211).

288 "Welcome to the Novara to Chile". Four 6-line stanzas by A. Ried (Easter Sunday, 1859). [Printed, with music, as Appendix VII at Scherzer's Reise, III (1862).] One 4-line poem (Valparaiso, 17 May 1859).

289 "Distances covered by His Majesty's frigate Novara during the circumnavigation of the world."

290 List of books.

For comment on the variations between Scherzer's manuscript account and the printed version, at least as exemplified by his description of the Novara's visit to Sydney (Diary vol. III, 41-77), see J. Fletcher, 'Karl Scherzer and the visit of the Novara to Sydney in 1858,' Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 71 (1985) 189-206.


Appendix 7: Official Publications of the Novara Expedition 1861 - 1877

Some 21 volumes were published as the official record of the Novara Expedition of 1857-9. They appeared between 1861 and 1877. Generel subjects of the volumes were as follows:

1 - Descriptive - 3 volumes 1861-2
2 - Anthropological - 4 volumes 1867, 1868, 1875
3 - Botanical - 1 volume 1870
4 - Geological - 3 volumes 1864, 1866
5 - Medical - 1 volume 1861
6 - Nautical - physical - 1 volume 1862-5
7 - Statistical & Commercial - 2 volumes 1864-5
8 - Zoological - 6 volumes 1864-9
9 - Summary - 1 volume 1877
Total = 21 volumes

Detailed bibliographic descriptions of the volumes are included below. Variants and subsequent reissues, especially of the descriptive volumes, are not listed at this point:

1 - Descriptive

Scherzer, Karl von, Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857-1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. (Physilalische und geognostische Erinnerungen von A. v. Humboldt). Beschreibender Theil, Hof- und Staatsdruckei,Wien, 3 Bande, 1861-2. [Descriptive volumes].

2 - Anthropological

Müller, Freidrich, Reise ... Linguistischer Thiel, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1867, 358p. Section on Australia, 239-67.

Zuckerkandl, E., Reise ... Anthropologischer Thiel. Erste Abtheilung: Cranien der Novara-Sammlung, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1875, 120p, 24 plates. [Part 1]

Scherzer, Karl von, Reise ..... Anthropolischer Theil. Zweite Abthlung. Körpermessungen, an Individuen verschiedener Menschenracen vorgenommen durch Dr K. Scherzer und Dr E. Schwartz, bearbeitet von Dr A. Weisbach, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1867. [Part 2].

Müller, Freidrich, Reise ... Anthropologischer Thiel. Dritter Abtheilung - Ethnographie auf grund des von Dr Karl von Scherzer Gesammelten Materials, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1868, 225p, 10 plates. [Part 3]

3 - Botanical

Grunow, A., J. Krempelhuber, H.W. Reichardt, G. Mettenius and J. Milde, Reise Seiner Majestät Fregatte Novara um die Erde. Botanischer Thiel. Ester Band - Sporenpflanzen, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1870, 261p. [Volume 1]

4 - Geological

Hochstetter, Ferdinand von, Reise ..... Geologischer Thiel. Ester Band: Abthlung 1, Geologie von Neu-Seeland, Hof- und Staatsdruckei, Wien, 1864. [Volume 1, Part 1]

----, Reise ..... Geologischer Thiel. Ester Band: Abthlung II, Palaontologie von Neu-Seeland, Hof- und Staatsdruckei, Wien, 1864. [Volume 1, Part 2]

----, Reise ..... Geologischer Thiel. Zweite Band: Abthlung 1, Geologische Besbachtungen und Paläontologische Mittheilungen, Hof- und Staatsdruckei, Wien, 1866. [Volume 2, Part 1]

5 - Medical

Schwarz, Eduard, Reise ..... Medizinischer Thiel, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1861, 299p.

6 - Nautical-Physical

Wüllerstorf-Urbair, B. von, Robert Müller, F. Schaub and F. von Wüllerstorf, Resie ... Nautisch-Physicalischer Thiel. Herausgegeben von der Hydrographischen Anstalt der Kauserlich-Koniglichen Marine, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1862-5, 498p.

7 - Statistical/Commercial

Scherzer, Karl von, Statistisch-commercielle Theil. Ergebnisse der reise seiner Majestät Fregatta Novara am die Erd, in Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde etc., Herausgegeben im Ah. Auftrage unter Leitung der kais, Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 2 Bande, 1864-5. I (368, 20), II (540, 150). [Statistical and commercial volume]. 'Sydney' section at II, 231-83.

8 - Zoological

Zelebor, Johnann, August von Pelzeln, Franz Steindachner, and Rudolf Kner, Reise ... Zoolologischer Thiel. Ester Band, (Wirbelthiere). 1. Säugethiere 2. Vögel 3. Reptilien 4. Amphibien 5. Fische, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1869. [Volume 1]

Redtenbacher, Ludwig, Henri de Saussure, J. Sichel, Gustav L. Mayr and Freidrich Bauer, Reise ..... Zoologischer Thiel. Zweiter Band, I Abtheilung, A: 1. Coleoptera, 2. Hymenoptera, 3. Formicidae, 4. Neuroptera, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1868. [Volume 2, Part 1A]

Schiner, J.R. and Gustav L. Mayr, Reise ..... Zoologischer Thiel. Zweiter Band, I Abtheilung, B: 1. Diptera, 2. Hemiptera, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1868. [Volume 2, Part 1B]

Felder, Cajetan und Rudolf, Reise ..... Zoologischer Thiel. Zweiter Band, Zweite Abthlung. Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera Text, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1864-7, 549p. [Volume 2, Part 2A]

Felder, Cajetan, Rudolf Felder und Alois F. Rogenhofer, Reise ..... Zoologischer Thiel. Zweiter Band, Zweite Abthlung. Lepidoptera, Atlas, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1864-July 1875. [Volume 2, Part 2B]

Heller, Camil, Ed. Grube and Georg Ritter von Frauenfeld, Reise ..... Zoologischer Thiel. Zweiter Band, III Abtheilung: 1. Crustaceen, 2. Anneliden, 3. Mollusken, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1868. [Volume 2, Part 3]

9 - Summary

Spitzka, Johann, Übersichtliche Darstellung der Unter dem Titel: Reise....., Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1877.


Appendix 8: Tullimbar, Aboriginal King of Tongarra

Joseph Selleny took a number of portraits of the various members of the Illawarra Aboriginal tribe (family group) led by the elder 'King' Tullimbar of Tongarra (modern-day Albion park area). Apart from this important pictorial record, a number of historical accounts have survived of Tullimbar himself.

Major E.H. Weston's 'Reminiscences of an Australian Pioneer' {manuscript at Wollongong Library - extracts published in the Illawarra Historical Society Bulletin during 1976}, were recorded around the turn of the century, however they speak of events at Illawarra during the late 1860s. Mr Weston arrived in Illawarra in 1865 and settled at 'The Meadows'. The following extract from his reminiscences concerns Tullimbar:

Tullimbar

Another darkey of rather a different type from Dr Ellis was "Tullimbar", a strange old character. He used to come across to my place every Saturday for flour, sugar, and "bacca"; if he didn't get the latter, his language was, to put it mildly, sulphurous.

He had been a great warrior in his day, and his bald black head was covered with scars received in Nulla Nulla fights. He was a bit of a gay Lothario. On one occasion he stole a gin belonging to the Bong Bong tribe and was followed by the former lover of the dark beauty. Tullimbar got a glimpse of the Bong Bong black one evening and knew he was out for revenge. When he camped for the night, he rolled a log near his little fire, covered it with his blanket, and hid behind a big tree close by. After a time his enemy sneaked up, and when he got within striking distance, made a bound and drove his spear into the log; before he could withdraw it Tullimbar sprung out and drove his spear through him, killing him instantly. Being in very thick scrub the body was not found for a long time, so Tullimbar escaped the vengeance of the other tribe.

He lived to a great age, but went blind in his old age; the other blacks used to drive a stake into the middle of his hut and tie him to it at night, to prevent him roaming away. Sometimes he would get loose and come out, and I have heard him howling like a dingo when he got cold and couldn't find the camp fire. One night he got loose and rolled into the fire and was so badly burnt that he died the next day.

An Aboriginal funeral is a queer affair. They always shift their camp directly a member of the tribe dies; the body is then rolled in a sheet of bark and carried to the burial place. It takes them hours to go a short distance, as they go forward then back, then zig-zag, and turn round and round repeatedly. Their idea is to puzzle the ghost and prevent it coming back to camp.

Years after, a heavy flood carried away a large portion of the river bank and disclosed the bones of the departed Tullimbar, but I never heard of his "spook" revisiting any of the old camping grounds.

---------------

A further account is to be found in the manuscript 'Reminiscences of Archibald Campbell' (Illawarra Historical Society Collection, Wollongong City Library). They were recorded by Campbell during September of 1898, and read as follows:

[September 1898] 9/98

In the course of a conversation with Mr John Fraser J.P. of Bushgrove, Tullimbar, this gentleman related to me:

"King Tullimbar"

Since the early days of settlement in the Macquarie Valley (now having the town of Albion Park as a centre) an Aboriginal named "Tullimbar" or "Tullumbar" was the recognized King of the Aboriginal tribe of the locality. He was a powerfully built, athletic man, who was looked to with awe, as well as respect, by his tribesmen, who in the early days of the "Thirties" and "Forties" numbered several hundred.

The tribe however had their main centre and "Kingdom" in "Tullimbar", now known as "Tongarra". This locality, or the upper portion of the Macquarie Valley, was named Tullimbar, or Tullumbar, by the Aborigines. The creek running from the main stream through the farm known as Tongarra and another part of the homestead was known as Tongarra by the Aborigines.

The name Tullimbar was carried as it were from its rightful location to where it is now so designated by a Mr Davis, who opened a store in the sixties - his reason, or excuse, for the misnaming the place, was that he was opening the store for "Tullimbar people", meaning those residing in the upper Macquarie region.

King Tullimbar used to relate two thrilling incidents in the course of his life. In one instance, while he was a young man, he was on a visit to Kangaroo Valley, where another young man of the tribe manifested jealousy of him on account of a charming "jin" to whom both of them were paying attention. In the course of his return journey alone over the mountain range by the route subsequently designated "The Butter Track", Tullimbar camped out by the way on the Illawarra descent. He suspected that his sable rival might fall on him stealthily from the Kangaroo Valley for the purpose of murdering him by the way, so that he might then have a clear way with the charming "jin".

By the way of stratagem Tullimbar, after lighting a fire, and making use of it for whatever cooking purposes required, retired under cover to a near but safe distance, instead of lying beside the fire throughout the night as was the Aboriginal custom.

Before doing so, however, he got a portion of tree-fern trunk about the length of a man, and rolled his possum cloak around it to appear in the dim fire light something like a person asleep. This was with a view to deceive and decoy his rival should he dog his steps in the night for the purpose of murder.

In the course of the dead hours of night Tullimbar's supposition was realized, by noticing the Kangaroo Valley man approaching in a crouching attitude, and murderously attacking the fern trunk which he speared through and then tomahawked. As he was in the act of doing so Tullimbar sprang upon him and speared him through the upper part of the body, and having him entirely at his mercy, he then eked his vengeance on him in one way and another without actually killing him.

One gruesome process adopted by him was to place the man's hands on a stone, and pound away at them with another stone until he had converted them to jelly - and to use his own oft repeated words about the matter, he "beat him all night".

"I beat him all night" was his own favourite way of expressing his part in the tragedy. He let the man go next morning, and the latter actually made his way back to Kangaroo Valley in his wounded and bruised condition, but died shortly afterwards from the effects of Tullimbar's retribution in the mountain range in the dark hours of the night.

The other instance referred to occurred on Johnstone's Meadows, Macquarie River. On a certain day, and in broad daylight, as Tullimbar was in the act of stooping down on his knees to drink water from a creek or pool in the thick bush, he noticed the shadow of another blackfellow, who was making a rush on him from behind, with a tomahawk or bludgeon, evidently intending to murder him. Tullimbar sprang to his feet before his assailant accomplished his deadly purpose. A fierce encounter ensued but speedily ended in the death of the attacking party by Tullimbar.

Tullimbar killed him on the spot and often he told the deadly tale to the residents of the locality in the course of his subsequent lifetime.

In connection with this notice of Tullimbar, it may be related that the favourite camping place of the "Blacks" during the early settlement of the Macquarie settlement by Europeans were on the bank of the river, near what subsequently became the position of the Main Road, the slope of the hill west of the "Churches" of modern days, and on the site of Mr John Marer's property, and on the north of the river so named by that gentleman "Bushgrove".


Appendix 9: Chronology - The Novara in Sydney 1858

The Novara's voyage had begun at Trieste on 30 April 1857. She returned to her home port on 26 August 1859.

November

Friday 5 - The Novara, 44 gun Austrian Imperial sloop of war (frigate), arrives in Sydney Harbour from Shanghai (11 August), coming to anchor off Garden Island at 5.30pm. A copy of the Australian German Gazette for Saturday, 6 November was immediately dispersed among the crew.

Karl Scherzer goes on shore to check for any mail.

Sat. 6 - Wüllestorf-Urbair, Pöck and Scherzer call on the Governor General, Sir William Denison.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Sun. 7 - Scherzer spends the day with Wilhelm Kirchner, visiting the Observatory and Botanical Gardens. Also meets the Scott family at Kirchner's.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Mon. 8 - Joseph Selleny at the Scott family farm, Ash Island, Hunter River.

Col. Sec. letter 58/4022 from Wm/ Kirchner.

Scherzer visits Stuart Donaldson, Charles Cowper and john Robertson.

Wilhelm Kirchner writes to the Colonial Secretary seeking permission for the Novara to use the Cockatoo Island dock.

Tues. 9 - Scherzer visits George Bennett and the Australian Museum, where they are given a tour by George French Angas.

Denison letter to Murchison re Hochstetter as geologist for New Zealand.

Wed. 10 - Scherzer spends day at Elizabeth Bay, with W.S. Macleay.

Col Sec letter 58/4060.

Col. Sec. letter re use of FitzRoy Dock 58/4088.

Denison writes to Angas(?) re special meeting of Australian Museum Trustees.

Thurs. 11 - Col Sec letter re use of FitzRoy Dock.

9.30am - Novara towed by steamer to Cockatoo Island.

Fri. 12 - Selleny sketching at Sydney.

Sat. 13 - Scherzer visits the French consul, M. Sentis. Writes two letters to the Australian Museum, via Governor Denison.

12.30pm - the Novara enters FitzRoy Dry Dock. Stays until the 20th.

Sun. 14

Mon. 15 - Selleny sketching at Sydney.

Scherzer visits Sir Daniel Cooper at Rose Bay.

Tues. 16 - 7am - The Commodore and Scherzer visit the FitzRoy Dock on Cockatoo Island to view the Novara, plus its prison.

A Novara Party (WU, Scherzer, Zelebor, Selleny and Kraus) sets off by rail for Campbelltown. Met there by William Macarthur and taken to Camden Park, where they stay the evening.

Wed. 17 - Party given a tour of Camden Park then back to Campbelltown at 10am. Hire horses and carriage for trip to Illawarra. Arrive at Appin, where they stay overnight in the Governor Bourke's Inn.

Thurs. 18 - From Appin to Wollongong via Brogo homestead. En route meet up with William Macarthur and Freddy Bowman. Party arrive at Wollongong at 3pm and take up residence in the Brighton Hotel. Meet Edward Smith Hill there and are taken to the Aboriginal camp of Tullimbah's tribe.

Australian Museum Trustees meet and discuss Novara visit plus items for exchange.

Fri. 19 Kangaroo hunt arranged for party in vicinity of Fairy Meadow Farm, Illawarra. Party dines in the evening at the Brighton. Zelebor taken with a fever.

George French Angas of the Australian Museum writes to Scherzer.

Sat. 20 Party visits Osborne Wallsend coal mine, Mount Keira and Selleny takes some more Aboriginal sketches. Due to bad weather, the party is unable to catch 1pm steamer to Sydney, so WU, Scherzer and Selleny return overland, leaving Wollongong at 3.30pm. They arrive late at Brogo and spend the night.

6.30am - the Novara comes out of the FitzRoy Dry Dock; anchors off Cockatoo Island.

Sun. 21 Selleny sketches at Bargo and Broughton Pass. Party arrives in Campbelltown at 1pm, then catch a train to Sydney, where they arrive at 6.30pm.

Scherzer and WU spend evening in the Australian Club. Entertained by Mlle. Rawack.

Mon. 22 Zelebor, Kraus and Hill return to Sydney at 3am on the steamer.

Scherzer visits Bennett and Angas at the Australian Museum.

Evening concert at Sydney Exchange, given by Sydney Philharmonic Society.

Tues. 23 Selleny sketches in Macleay's garden, Darling Point, Sydney.

Lord Mayor' Return Fancy Dress Ball at Prince of Wales Theatre.

Wed. 24 7am - Novara towed by steamer back to Palmer's Cove, near Garden Island.

Hot and 'brickfielder'.

Scherzer visits the Australian Museum where material is obtained and exchanged. George French Angas of the Australian Museum writes to Scherzer.

A welcome to the crew of the HIMS Novara is given by the German residents of Sydney, with a party on board and presentation of an address.

Thurs. 25 Scherzer works on Degotardi proofs of Measurements article in the morning, and attend the prorogation of Parliament in the afternoon.

Novara Dinner at the German Club, Wynyard Square.

Fri. 26 Scherzer visits the Plunketts in the evening.

Sat. 27 Novara fires 21-gun salute in honour of birth of Crown Prince Rudolf. Festive breakfast on board, attended by Kirchners, Scotts, Madame Rawack and J. Degotardi.

Sun. 28 Rainy. Scherzer working on Measurements article.

Mon. 29 Rain. Novara Ball postponed to Tuesday.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Tues. 30 The Commodore and crew of the Novara hold a ball on board for the elite of Sydney.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

December

Wed. 1 Selleny sketches at Darling Point.

Scherzer and Edward Smith Hill go to Kogerah Bay in search of Aboriginal skeletal material. Scherzer dines that evening at the Austrlaian Club with the Roberts'.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Thurs. 2 Commodore and Scherzer given a tour of Sydney University.

Scherzer and Hill vist Aboriginal camp at Long Bay. Also La Perouse and Botany Bay.

Australian Museum monthly meeting records list of specimens given to the Novara.

Formal dinner at Government House for Commodore, Pock and Scherzer.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Fri. 3 Scherzer, Hill and Selleny visit an Aboriginal camp on the outskirts of Sydney.

Selleny produces a number of watercolours of Illawarra Aborigines and a New Zealander who was part of the Illawarra party.

Scherzer spends evening with George Bennett.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Sat. 4 Scherzer writing.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Sun. 5 Scherzer writing.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Mon. 6 Scherzer moves back on board the Novara, accompanied by Bennett and Charles Moore. Also visits the Governor and Daniel Cooper.

The Kirchners give a ball for the Novara officers at Darling Point.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

Tues. 7 The Novara departs Sydney for Auckland at 8am.

Blanche Mitchell diary.

........

Sun. 20 Barrier Island, New Zealand.

Mon. 21 Great Barrier and Cuvier's Island, New Zealand. Selleny finishes Illawarra Aboriginal portraits.

Wed. 22 Auckland.

Fri. 24 Taranaki, New Zealand.


Appendix 10: Expedition Compliment as at 30 April 1857 including the Frigate Novara and Corvette Carolina

Commodore - Bernhard von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Commander of the Expedition

Corvette Captain - Baron Friedrich Pöck. Transferred to Frigate Captain on 2 December 1857

Ship-of-the-line Lieutenant - Bela Gaàl de Gyula. Died at Ragula 1861.

Frigatte Lieutenant - Moriz Monfroni de Monfort; Count Alexander Keilmannsegge

Ensign (Schiffsfähnrich) William Lund. Transferred to Frigate Lieutenant on 1 December 1857; Robert Müller. Transferred to Frigate Lieutenant on 1 November 1858; Ernst Jacoby

Ensign (Fregattenfähnrich) - Eugen Kronowetter; Gustav Battlog

Purser (Berwaltungsofficial) - Anton Basso. Died Trieste 1860.

Frigate Doctor - Dr Franz Seligmann

Corvette Doctor - Dr Robert Laffemant

Ships Doctor 1st Class Karl Kuziczka

Ship's Doctor - Dr Eduard Schwarz. Transferred from Corvette Doctor on 1 April 1858. Died Vienna, September 1862.

Ship's Chaplain - Eduard von Marochini

Marine Cadets - Heirich Fayenz, Joseph Natti, Gustav von Semley, Baron Richard Walterskirchen, Ludwig Meder, Alexander Kalmar, Baron August Scribanek, Count Andreas Borelli, Baron Franz Cordon, Baron Friedrich Haan. Left at Rio de Janiero on 20 August 1857, Eduard Latzina, Michael von Mariaffi, Prince Eugen Wrede, Joseph Berthold

Master Below-Decks 2nd Class Wenzel Lehmann

Scientific Commission

Geology - Dr Ferdinand Hochstetter

Botany - Dr Eduard Schwarz, Anton Jellinek

Zoology - Georg Frauenfeld, Johann Zelebor

Ethnography - Dr Karl Scherzer

Artist - Joseph Selleny

The remaining crew - 315 men. Total - 352 individuals

Expedition Complement at Sydney, November 1858

{The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List, Sydney, Monday, 15 November 1858, 219}

Austrial Frigate Novara. The following is a list of officers and gentlemen engaged in the scientific expedition on board the Austrian frigate Novara, of 44 guns,

Commodore Bernhard v. Wüllerstorf Rirbair

Captain Frederick Baron v. Pöck

Lieutenants - Bela Gaàl de Ginla, Moritz Monfroni v. Montfort, Alexander Graf [Count] v Keilmansegge, William Lund, Robert Müller, Ernst Jacobi, Eugen Kronowetter, Heinrich Fayenz, Richard Baron v. Walterskerchen, Louis Meder (marine infantry), Joseph Baron v. Rath

Surgeons - Dr Franz Seligmann, Dr Carl Ruzichka, Dr Edward Schwarz (botanist)

Paymaster - Anton Basso

Chaplain - Rev. Edward v. Marochini

Scientific gentlemen - Dr Carl Scherzer (for ethnology), Dr Ferdinand Hochstotter (for geology), Herr George Frauenfelder and Herr Joseph Zelebor (for zoology), Herr Joseph Seleny (artist), Herr Wenzel Jelineck (botanist)


Appendix 11: Material relating to the Novara Expedition in the Australian Museum Archives

{Transcribed by Michael Organ, 20 January 1995}

{'Letters Received pre 1883', item E.40.58.1. Letter from Governor Sir William Denison, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, possibly to the Museum Secretary, George French Angas}

Govt. House

10 Novr. 58

Sir,

The enclosed letter will explain the requirements of the Scientific staff on board the Austrian Frigate Novara, and I should hope that we may be in a position to prosper by the exchange they offered us. The subject had better be brought under the notice of the Trustees at a special meeting to be called for the purpose.

Gov. W. Denison

----------

{'Letters Received pre 1883', item E.40.58.1. Letter from Dr Karl Scherzer of the Novara Expedition to the Governor, Sir William Denison, on behalf of ornithologist Johannes Zelebor}

Sydney 13th Novbr. 1858

Sir

May I be permitted to lay before Your Excellency in the name of Mr Zelebor, officer of the Imperial Museum at Vienna and ornithologist of the Expedition, a list of Desiderata which the Imperial Museum is anxious to get and for which it would be most happy to offer in exchange birds, mamalia, reptiles from Brasil, Egypt, Syra, Versra, the Danubra's countries and all parts of Europe together with zoological duplicats of other Countries the Sydney Museum should like to possess.

I have the honor to be,

Your Excellency's

most humble servt.

Dr Karl Scherzer

List of Objects of natural history requested by the Imperial Austrian Museum.

1. All duplicates of birds from Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania the museum can spare.

2. All duplicates of Mamalia of the same countries, etc. etc.

3. All kind of reptiles.

4. Ostracion Phillippiif possible

5. Ornithoxhynchusin two or three

6. Echidna spec. individuals

----------

{'Letters Received pre 1883', item E.40.58.1. Letter from Dr Karl Scherzer of the Novara Expedition to the Governor, Sir William Denison, requesting ethnological material}

St Kilda's House

Novr. 13th 1858

Sir

I take the liberty to profit of Your Excellency's kindness, and communicate to you hereby some Desiderata of that branch of science which I have the honour to attend and pursue during the present voyage of H.I.M's Ship Novara round the world, and which refer to the Ethnography of Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania. In this respect I should be most happy to acquire for the Imperial Museum of Natural History at Vienna as well as for the Museum of the Imperial Navy at Venise:

1. Duplicates of Skulls of the natives of Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania, together with skulls used as drinking vessels, etc.

2. All kinds of ethnographical objects as arms, dresses, implements.

3. Samples of substances used by the natives for dyeing, tatooing, chewing, painting and medicinal purposes, etc. etc.

4. Vocabularies of the different dialects, spoken by the natives of Australia and New Zealand after the adjoined tables. Also all kind of publications on the languages and dialects of the indigenous tribes of Australia and New Zealand.

During my stay at the different isles of the Malayan Archipelago I have made some very interesting collections of skulls of the different tribes and ethnographical objects, and I should be most happy to offer to Your Excellency in return some skulls of the Malayan Archipelago, Brazil and the Cape of Good Hope. My collections have already been sent home, but I shall make it a point of duty to forward to you as soon as possible any of the duplicates your Excellency should wish to possess.

Hoping that our present visit to Australia will be followed by the most intimate relation between the scientific institutions of your second home and those of our country,

I have the honour to be

Your Excellency's

most thankful servt.

Dr Karl Scherzer

----------

{Minutes of the Board of Trustees}

Special Meeting

Thursday, November 18th, 1858

Trustees present. His Excellency the Governor General [Sir William Denison], the Chair

Alfred Denison Esqre.

W.S. Macleay Esqre.

Dr Roberts

Dr Mitchell

This meeting was called by requisition of three Trustees for the purpose of making arrangements, relative to an exchange of Specimens with the Scientific Officers of H.I.M. Frigate "Novara", who are acting on behalf of the Imperial Museum of Vienna.

His Excellency the Chairman read 2 letters from Dr Karl Scherzer, one, on behalf of Mr Zelebor, the ornithologist of the expedition, with a list of desiderata which the Imperial Museum is anxious to obtain; the other referring to such ethnographical specimens as Dr Scherzer wishes for.

His Excellency then read a letter addressed to himself from Dr Ferd. Hochstetter, the Geologist of the expedition, accompanying a case containing 100 species of Miocene fossils from Vienna, & a medallion in bronze of Haidinger, for the Museum, also another case, of Geological works, addressed to the Philosophical Society, which the Secretary was instructed to send to Dr Smith, together with a letter presenting them from Prof. Haidinger.

W.S. Macleay Esq. read a list of desiderata for the Australian Museum, which that gentleman had drawn up for. The Secretary was instructed to make a copy of it, & write an official letter to Dr Scherzer, enclosing the list. Mr Macleay mentioned that Dr Schwartz the botanist was desirous of obtaining specimens of the woods indigenous to N.S. Wales. The selection of the geological specimens for exchange was confided to the Revd. W.B. Clarke. Mr Wall was instructed to select such duplicate Skulls of Aborigines - mammalia - birds - also specimens of Ornithorhynchus - Echidna - & Cestracion Phillipi.

It was resolved "That casts of the Skulls of Zygomaturus & Diprotodon & such other fossil bones as we already have moulds of, be supplied to the Imperial Museum of Vienna - The Scientific Gentlemen of the "Novara" are to select what specimens they require from the duplicates when ready, and to pack & take them on board themselves. Dr Roberts undertook to select the duplicate Reptilia. The Secretary was instructed to provide such duplicate Ethnographical specimens as he could spare from the Museum collection. Lists of all the specimens given to the Austrian officers to be laid on the table at next general meeting, & no specimens to be parted with from the Museum , which have not been already described & named.

W. Denison

----------

{'Outward Correspondence' - Letter Book I, 1837-61, pp.192-4. Letter from the Museum Secretary George French Angas to Dr Karl Scherzer}

Australian Museum, Sydney, N.S. Wales

19th Nov. 1858

Dr. Scherzer

Sir,

By direction of the Trustees of the Australian Museum, I have the honor to forward you a list of those zoological genera & species which the Trustees are, for the present, most anxious to obtain from the Imperial Museum of Vienna. They have reason to believe that specimens of them are not uncommon in the collections of that capital; and in return for them they will endeavor, from time to time, to furnish the Imperial Museum with those specimens which you mention as being your desiderata, in the event of their not being able to gain them at present. The Trustees desire me to state that they will always be most happy to continue a system of exchange that cannot prove otherwise than beneficial to both parties.

I have the honor to be

Sir

Your most obedt. humble Servt.

George French Angas

List of desiderata asked for by the Australian Museum.

Mammalia - Primates

Skulls of the South American Tribes

Skins of Mycetes, Aletes, Lagothrix, Nocthorus, Hapale, Phyllastroma, Vampirus

FeraeProcyon Cancrivorus

Felis discolor

Dedilphis - any species

Chironicles

GlinesHydrochaerus

Chloromys

BuitaSkin of Bradypus Tredactylus, skeleton

Bradypus didactylus or the genus

Cholaepas of Hlegin, & skeleton

raldi desiderata

Dasypus any species

Myrmicophaga - any species

CeteManatus mericanus

Aves Raptores Harpyia

Scansores Crotophaga

Rasores Crax

Renelope

Ortaleda

Opisthocomus

Tinamus

Grallatores Struthio Rhea

Psophia

Cariama

Eurypyga

Cancroma

Platalea

Palamedea

Natalores Rhyneleops

Plotus

Reptilia Chiloma Trionyx

SauriaAllegator

Iguanida, any species, but particularly the 2 following, viz:

Iguana

Anolius

Chemeleo

Pphidia - Helviodactylus imfucatus of Spix.

Crotalus

Trigonocephalus

and any American Opisthoglayph Serpents.

Batrachia Proteus Anguimus

Caecilia auguina

Rana paradoxa

------------

{'Outward Correspondence' - Letter Book I, 1837-61, p.194. Letter from the Museum Secretary George French Angas to Dr Karl Scherzer}

Australian Museum

Novr. 24th 1858

My dear Sir,

I beg to inform you that the various Zoological & Ethnographical Specimens selected for the Imperial Museum of Vienna, are now ready, and awaiting your transmission of them on board H.I.M. Frigate "Novara" with the exception of the Geological Specimens which we are only waiting for the Rev. Mr. Clarke to name them; & the casts of the Zygomaturus, & Diprotodon, which will be finished in a day or two - say Friday. Perhaps you will be so good as to call, & make arrangements for getting them on board.

I am my dear Sir

Yours with great respect

George French Angas

Dr Scherzer

etc. etc. etc.

H.I.M. "Novara"

----------

{Extract from the Minutes of the Board of Trustees}

General Monthly Meeting

December 2nd 1858

Trustees present - His Excellency the Governor General [Sir William Denison], the Chair, Alfred Denison Esqre., W.S. Macleay Esqre., Dr Mitchell, Dr Roberts, Dr Bennett, Hon. Robt. Campbell, The Revd. Mr. Turner, The Revd. Dr Woolley, Professor Smith MA, Sir William Macarthur, Capt Mayne, Alexr. Dawson Esqre.

....Lists of the specimens in the various departments of Natural History which have been given to the Scientific officers of H.I.M. Frigate "Novara" on behalf of the Imperial Museum of Vienna, were laid before the board, and letters from Messrs. Scherzer & Zelebor were read conveying the thanks of the Officers, & promising specimens in return from the Imperial Museum.


Appendix 12: Extract from the Log of HMS Iris

{The following extract is taken from James W. Gambier's 'Logs of the proceedings of H.M. Frigate Retribution, May 1855-December 1856 and Iris, 1857-61' (manuscript, Mitchell Library, Sydney, ML A2027, CY reel 2236 frames 285-6). See also Gambier's book Links in my life on land and sea (3rd edition, London, 1910), which contains a chapter on his time in Sydney during the period 1857-9}

Friday the 26th Day of November [1858]

6am Stood in, and proceeded up the Harbour.

12pm Moored Farm Cove.

12.10 HCM "Victoria" arrived. Found here H.I.M. Frigate Novara (Austrian).

1pm Saluted the Austrian Commodore with 11 guns. Frigate "Novara" ret. do. with same shot.

5pm Out boats and timber.

7pm Party on Garden Island loading up timber.

Saturday 27th

AM Dressed ships. Empld. painting Ships side.

PM Saluted Austrian Flag with 21 guns. Holystoned decks. Undressed Ships down F.G. yards.

{Ships on station in Sydney Harbour during the visit of the Novara included:

HMS Iris - Frigate, 906t, 26 guns. Captain William Loring. Arrived Sydney on Friday 26 November, from Keppel Bay. Berthed at Farm Cove.

HMCS Victoria - HM Colonial Steam Sloop, 880t, 3 guns. Commander (Captain) Norman. Arrived Sydney on Friday 26 November from Keppel Bay on the 22nd. In FitzRoy Dock from 1-2 December. Left Sydney on Saturday 4 December 1858.

IMS Milan - French war steamer, 4 guns, Captain de Perati. Arrived in Sydney on 5 November from Tahiti on 5 October and Port de France 22 October. Berthed at Farm Cove. Departed 25 November for New Caledonia.

HIMSS Herault - French store ship, 460t, Captain Gelle. Arrived in Sydney on 2 November. Berthed at Farm Cove. Departed 25 November for New Caledonia.

IMS Novara - Frigate, 2670t (English).

HM Brig Elk - HM brig, 12 guns, Captain Hubert Campion. Arrived Sydney on 6 December 1858.


Miscellaneous Notes

Portraits of Scherzer, Hochstetter, Frauenfeld and Zelebor in Illustrirten Zeitung, Leipzig, No 759, 16 January 1858, p.41 (Popelka *23).

Wilhelm von Haidinger - born 5 February 1795 at Vienna, died 19 march 1871 same place (Wurzbach VII, p.208). W. v. Haidinger, three Letters from the Expedition of the Imperial and Royal frigate Novara: from Singapore ...

Wullerstorf-Urbair - born 29 January 1816 in Trieste; died 10 August 1883 in Klobenstein. Moved from the Army to the Navy in 1833; 1839 ......... ; 1848 Frigate Lieutenant; 1848 Ship-of-the-line Lieutenant; 1849 Corvette Captain; 1852 Frigate Captain; 1856 Ship-of-the-line Captain. (Wurzbach, LVIII, p214).

Wilhelm Georg Friedrich Roscher?

ADZ in Dixson Library

Dr Beer's case - Ferguson 6862-6 and ML 341.1/8

Copy cover page of Lepidoptera

G. Nadel, RAHS 1953-4, 39, 253-66

Degotardi footnotes: 47, 56, 59, 66, 76, 79-81

Sydney Morning Herald 12 July 1859 p4

Plan of Cockatoo island c.1857 Out of Sight

Measurements list Diary A2633 p35


Index | Ship History | Scherzer Diary | Expedition Narrative | Sydney | Selleny | Bibliography | Novara Expedition
Hochstetter I | Blanche Mitchell Diary | Minnie Mann Diary | Hochstetter II | FitzRoy Dock | Scherzer in Sydney
Frauenfeld Diary | Incident at Sikyana | Sydney Chronology | Appendicies
| Lissa 1866 | Ferdinand Maximillian

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