SMS Novara | Lissa 1866 | Ferdinand Maximilian

Battle of Lissa 1866 - Bibliography

Coloured contemporary lithograph by F. Kollarz of the naval battle of Lissa, 20 July 1866.

"Those who died were better off; one of them at sea at Lissa, in the war; he was the biggest, the one who seemed to you a David in the bronze, standing erect with his harpoon in his fist, rudely lit up by the flame of the torch. Big and strong as he was, even he flushed red in the face, if you fixed your burning eyes on him; all the same, he died like a good sailor, on the spar of the forestay, fast to the shrouds, lifting his cap high and saluting the flag for the last time, with his wild, male, islander's shout...." (extract from 'Caprice' by Giovanni Verga (translated by D.H. Lawrence), in Cavalleria Rusticana and other stories, The Dial Press, New York, 1928, p.77)

The following bibliography includes references to English, German and French language material (both published and unpublished)relating to the naval battle of Lissa. This battle - the first between modern ironclad vessels on the open seas - took place between the Austrian and Italian fleets on 20 July 1866, off the Adriatic island of Lissa. Refer Wikipedia entry for the Battle of Lissa. A list of images of the battle and related vessels, individuals and localities is also available at the following link.

Battle of Lissa - Image Collection

A

Aichelburg, Wladimir, 'Anstrich der k.k. Kriegsschiffe 1850-1889 (1900)' {Paintwork of the Imperial & Royal Warships}, Marine-Gesterne, Heute, 1976.

----, K.u.K. Marinealbum. Schiff und Häfen Österreich-Ungarns in Alten Photographien {Imperial & Royal Navy Album. Austro-Hungarian Ships and Ports in Old Photographs}, Verlag Fritz Molden, Wien, 1976, 168p.

----, Kriegsschiffe auf der Donau {Warships on the Danube}, Österreichischer Bundesverlag für Unterricht, Wissenschaft und Kunst, Wien, 1978, 47p.

----, K.u.K Segelschiffe in alten Photographien {Imperial & Royal Sailing Ships in old Photographs}, Orac, Wien, 1981; Österreichische Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1996, 224p.

----, K.u.K. Dampfschiffe: Kriegs, Handels, und Passagierschiffe in alten Photographien {Imperial & Royal Steamships: War, Trade, and Passenger Ships in Old Photographs}, Orac Pietsch, Wien, 1982, 223p; Österreichische Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1996, 223p.

----, K.u.K. Yachten und Yachtclubs Österreich-Ungarns in alten Photographien {Imperial & Royal Yachts and Austro-Hungarian Yatchclubs in Old Photographs}, Österreichische Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1996, 112p.

----, 'Der Löwe von Lissa: Der letze Sieg!' {The Lion of Lissa: The Last Victory!}, Yachtrevue, August 1998, 46. {[Internet], url: http://members.aon.at/alt-neustadt/mb398/mb11a.htm}

Amico, Gaspare, I fatti di Lissa; narrazione storica compilata in base al processo Persano davanti al Senato del Regno costituito in Alto corte di giustizia, e di altri documenti {The Facts of Lissa; historical narration compiled from the Persano evidence presented before the Senate of the Reign, comprising Law Court material and other documents}, C. Barbini, Milano, 1868, 172p.

Amicucci, Ermanno, Pier Carlo Boggio: caduto nella battaglia di Lissa {Pier Carl Boggio: Killed at the Battle of Lissa}, Società editrice torinese, Torino, 1937, 200p.

Ancona e Lissa: cuique suum, Tip. Baluffi, Ancona, 1866, 50p.

Anon., 'The First Clash of Ironclads [Lissa, 1866]', The Encyclopedia of Sea Warfare, Salamander, London, 1975, 10-15.

Asolani, Peter, Unser Held Tegetthoff: Gedenkschrift über Leben und Wirken des verewigten Admirals Wilhelm v. Tegetthoff, zur Feier der Monuments- Enthullung in Wien {Our Hero Tegetthoff: Commemoration of the Life and Work of the Immortal Admiral Wilhelm v. Tegetthoff, in association with the festival for his monument in Vienna}, Im Selbstverlag des Grundungs-Comite zur Errichtung eines Unterstutzungs-Vereines für ausgediente Mariene-Veteranen, Wien, 1886, 25p.

----, Gedenkschrift zur 25 jähr Gedächtnisafeier der glorreichen Seeschlacht bei Lissa (20 Juli 1866) der Schlacht bei Custozza (24 Jui 1866) und zur 20 jähr Grundungafeier des l. allgemeinen Marine-und Militaire- Veteranen-Vereines {Commemoration of the 25th Anniversary of the Glorious Sea Battle at Lissa (20 July 1866), the Battle at Custozza (24 June 1866), and the 20th Anniversary of the formation of the Marine and Military Veteran Association}, Meihitaristen-Buchdruckerei, Wien, 1891.

Attlmayr, F. Ritter von, Der Krieg Österreichs in der Adria im Jahre 1866 {The Austrian War in the Adriatic during 1866}, K.u.k. Reichs-Kriegs-Ministerium (Marine-Section), Pola, 1896.

Austria. Generalstabs-Bureau für Kriegsgeschichte, La lutte dans la Mer Adriatique en 1866; bataille de Lissa, extrait de tome V des Luttes de l'Autriche en 1866 {The Fight in the Adriatic during 1866 - the Battle of Lissa. (Extracted from Volume 5 of the Austrian Battles of 1866}, C. Muquardt, Bruxelles, 1891, 141p.

Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. K.u.K. Kriegsministerium. Marine Section, Officielle publication auf Veranlassung des K.u.K. Reichs- Kriegsministeriums, Marine-section. Reservirt für die K.u.K. Marine {Official Publication of the Imperial and Royal Ministry for War - Navy Section}, Druck von C. Gerold's Sohn, Wien, 1871-1872, 12 nos. in 1 v.

----, Geschichte der K.K. Kriegs-Marine in dem Zeitraume von 1500 {History of the Imperial and Royal Navy in the Period from 1500}, Gerold & Company, Wien, 1882.

B

Barbieri, A.M., 'The Naval Defeat of Lissa, by E. Ferrante 1985 (book review)', Rassegna Storica del Risorgimento, 76(4), 1989, 531-3.

Barcy, Zoltan, Hangaszok, hangszerek, hangjegyek: trombita- es dobjelek az osztrak-magyar hadseregben es haditengereszetnel, 1629-1918 = Trompetensignale und Trommelstreiche in der Österreichisch-ungarischen Armee und der Kriegsmarine, 1629-1918, MTA Zenetudomanyi Intezet, Budapest, 1985, 291p.

Baratelli, Franco Micali, La marina militare italiana nella vita nazionale (1860-1914) {The Italian Navy in National Life 1860-1914}, U. Mursia editore, S.p.A., Mursia, 1983.

Barnett, John, Fighting Admirals, London, 1910.

Basch-Ritter, Renate, Österreich auf allen Meeren: Geschichte der K.u.K. Kriegsmarine von 1382 bis 1918 {Austria on all seas: History of the Imperial and Royal Navy, from 1382 to 1918}, Verlag Styria, Graz, 1987, 231p.

----, L'Austria sui Mari del mondo. Storia dell'i.(e)r. Marina da guerra fra il 1382 ed il 1918, Edizioni Lint, Trieste, 230p.

Baxter, James, The Introduction of the Ironclad Warship, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1933.

Beer, A., Aus Wilhelm von Tegetthoff's Nachclass, Carl Gerold's Sohn, Wien, 1882.

Beggiato, Ettore, 'Lissa, 20 Juglio 1866. Per I Veneti una Vittoria da Ricordare!', [Internet], 15 July 1997, {url: http://www.consiglio.regione.veneto.it/GruppiPolitici/LVR/BEGGIATO/lissa.htm}

Bellaire, J.P., Precis de l'invasion des etats romains par l'armee napolitaine, en 1813 et 1814, et de la defense de la citadelle d'Ancone: suivi d'un recueil d'observations historiques, topographiques, statistiques et militaires sur les marches d'Ancone et de Fermo, et d'un memoire sur l'expedition et le combat naval de Lissa {Account of the Invasion of the Roman States by the Army of Napolean in 1813 and 1814, and the defence of the Citadel of Ancone; followed by a collection of observations historical, topographic, statistical and military on the steps of Ancone and Fermo, and a Memoire on the Expedition and Naval Action at Lissa}, G.-Laguionie, Paris, 1838, 167p.

Engraving of Rear Admiral William von Tegetthoff on the deck of his flagship Erzherzog Ferdinand Max as it prepares to ram the Italian ironclad Re di Portogallo during the battle of Lissa, 20 July 1866.

Benko, J. Freiherr von, Admiral Max Freiherr von Sternack. Erinnerungen aus den Jahren 1847-1887 {Admiral Count Max von Sternack: Reminiscences of the Years 1847-1887}, Hartleben, Wien, 1901.

Bickerich, Wolfgang, Lissa, im Reichsgau Wartheland, Hirzel, Leipzig, 1940, 91p.

Bilzer, F.F., 'Drache und Salamander - die ersten Panzerfregatten der k.k. Kriegsmarine' {Drache and Salamander - the first Panzer Frigates of the Imperial & Royal Navy}, Marine-Gestern, Heute, 1982.

----, 'Kaiser Linienschiff und Kasemmattschiff der k.u.k. Kriegsmarine' {Ship-of-the-line Kaiser and ..... of the Imperial & Royal Navy}, Marine-Gestern, Heute, December 1983.

Blanchon, Georges, La guerre navale moderne: de Lissa à Tsoushima {The Modern Naval War - From Lissa to Tsoushima}, Cornmarket Press, London, 1971, 176p. Facsimile reprint of Michel Merys edition of 1906.

Boinik, Jerolim Benko von, Geschichte der K. K. Kriegs-Marine während der Jahre 1848 und 1849: im Auftrage des K. K. Reichs-Kriegs-Ministeriums, Marine-Sektion, nach durchaus authentischen Quellen verfasst {History of the Imperial and Royal Navy during the years 1848 and 1849: by authority of the Imperial and Royal Ministry of War - Navy Section. Based on thoroughly authentic sources}, Verlag des K. K. Reichs-Kriegsministeriums, Marine-Sektion : in Kommission bei Gerold, Wien, 1884, xix, 727, 68p. Notes: Added title page: Geschichte der K.u.K. Kriegs-Marine. III. Theil. Die K.u.K. österreichische Kriegs-Marine in dem Zeitraume von 1848 bis 1871. 1. Bd. 1848 und 1849.

Bowen, Frank C., 'The Battle of Lissa', Wooden Walls in Action, Halton & Co., London, 128, 138-9.

Brown, D.K. and Pugh, P., 'Ramming', Warship, 1990.

Bulow, Heinrich August Ernst von, Zur 40 Jahr-Gedenkfeier der siegreichen österreichischen Sudarmee und Kriegsmarine im Jahre 1866 {The 40 Year Commemoration of the Victorious Austrian Southern Army and Navy in the year 1866}, K.k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1906, 146p.

Buloz, L., 'Lissa', Revue des Deux Mondes, 1 November 1866, 295-328.

C

Cable, James, The Political Influence of Naval Force in History, St Martin's Press, New York, 1998.

Calingaert, Efrem Gisella, 'Ippolito Caffi (1809-1866)' in The Dictionary of Art, Macmillan, 1996, vol.5, 387.

Castex, Raoul-Victor-Patrice, 'La modernisation de l'éperon' {The modernisation of the ram}, La Revue Maritime, Ministere de la Marine, Paris, n.s. 97, 1928, 1.

Cesaresco, E.M., The Liberation of Italy 1815-1870, Seeley & Co. Ltd., London, 1895, 415p.

Chatterton, E.K., 'Battle of Lissa, 1866', in Battles by Sea, Sidgwick & Jackson, London, 1925, 221-38.

Ciasca, Raffaele, 'El Diario di un Combattente di Lissa' {The diary of a fighter at Lissa}, Nuova Antologia, 1966, 498(1992), 463-70.

Cipikom, Janko, Boj na oloku Visu u Dalmaciji. (Die Schlacht bei Lissa. Ein Volksgedicht), Giovannizio, Spalato, 1866.

Clowes, Sir William Laird, 'The ram in action and in accident', Journal of the Royal United Services Institute, 193, March 1894.

----, Four Modern Naval Campaigns, Hazel, Watson & Viney, London, 1902.

Cole, Lt. Joshua, 'The Battle of Lissa, 20 July 1866', Mariner's Mirror, 51(3), 1 August 1965, 265-9. An account of arrangements made by the Austrians for ramming.

Colomb, Rear-Admiral Philip Howard, 'Lessons from Lissa', Journal of the Royal United Service Institution, London, 11(43), May 1867, 104-126.

----, 'Insegnamenti di Lissa: lettere fatte sotto la presidenza del vice ammiraglio Sir E.J. Codrington K.C.B', Rivista Marittima, X(XI), Novembre 1877, Tip. Barbera, Roma, 184-219.

----, Naval Warfare: Its ruling principles and practice historically treated, W.H. Allen & Co., London, 1891.

Conill, Enrique, Campaña italo-austriaca en 1866 : Custoza y Lissa {The Italian-Austrian Campaign in 1866: Custoza and Lissa}, Tip. "El Trarajo", Madrid, 1900, 123p.

Corbett, Julian S., Some Principles of Maritime Strategy, Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1911.

Cornwell, E.L., The Illustrated History of Ships, Crescent Books, New York, [Octopus Books, London], 1979, 479p. Includes section on 'Lissa: Oldest Naval Weapon'.

Custance, Sir Reginald, 'The Campaign of Lissa', in The Ship of the Line in Battle, William Blackwood & Sons, Edinburgh & London, 1912, 47-73, Tables I, II, III & IV.

Custozza, Sadowa et Lissa. Documents sur la guerre de 1866 (avec cartes et plans) {Custozza, Sadowa and Lissa. Documents on the War of 1866, with maps and plans}, C. Tanera, Paris, 1866, 48p. ("Extrait de la Revue Militaire Suisse.")

D

Davis, R.C., 'Venetian Shipbuilders and the Fountain of Wine', Past & Present, 156, August 1997, 55-86.

Der Tag von Lissa. Episch-lyrisches Gedicht von F.W....r. {The Day of Lissa - Epic Lyric Poem by F.W..}, Österreich Lloyd, Triest, 1866.

DeToro, Augusto, 'La Squadra Austriaca Prima e Dopo Lissa: Interessanti Elementi da due Immagini Fotografiche' {The Austrian squadron before and after the battle of Lissa: some interesting elements from two photographs}, Rivista Marittima, 1987, 120(8-9), 83-98.

Di Lauro, Ferdinando, 'Il 1866 Nella Storia del Nostro Risorgimento' {1866 in the History of our Risorgimento}, Risorgimento Militaire, 1966, 22(2), 151-66.

Die Operationen der österreichischen Marine während des Krieges 1866; die Ereignisse auf dem Gardasee, der italienische Angriff auf die Insel Lissa und die Seeschlacht bei Lissa {The operations of the Austrian navy during the 1866 war; the events on the Gardasee, the Italian attack on the island of Lissa, and the naval battle off Lissa}, J. Ziegler, Wien, 1866, 48p. plans. Notes: "Separatabdruck aus der Zeitschrift: Archiv für Seewesen."

Dienes, Gerhard M. and Flitsch, Johanna, E La Nave Va... Die Schiffe von Triest, Stadt Museum, Graz, 1998, 149p.

Drawetz, Hannes, 'Helgoland - Tegethoff's Erster Grosser Erflog. Vor Hundert Jahren Scghlug der Untersteirer die Dänische Flotte' {Helgoland - Tegethoff's First Great Success. 100 Years ago the commander from Lower Styria defeated the Danish fleet}, Blätter für Heimatkunde, 1964, 38(2-3), 74-7.

Du Nord, W., Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, Salzburg, 1884.

E

E.S. Memorie sulla battaglia di Lissa ed il processo Persano {A Memorial of the Battle of Lissa and the Prosecution of Persano}, Pecenco, Trieste, 1907.

Eardley-Wilmot, Captain S., The Development of Navies, Seeley & Co., London, 1892.

Ellsworth, E.W., 'The Austro-Prussian War and the British Press', The Historian, 20(200), 1958, 179-200.

Engelmann, Capt., 'Lissa', Streffleur's Austrian Military Magazine, 1871.

F

Felando, David, 'Land of My Forefathers: History of Komiza [Lissa / Viz]', [Internet] 22 January 1999, {url: http://www.dalmatianet.com/komiza/history.htm}.

Ferrante, E., Sconfitta Navale Lis {The Naval Defeat of Lissa}, 1985.

Filipuzzi, A., La campagna del 1866 nei documenti militari austriaci. Le operazioni navali {The Campaign of 1866 according to Austrian Military Documents. The Naval Operation}, Università degli Studi, Padova, 1966.

Fleischer, Josef, Geschichte der K.u.K. Kriegsmarine während des Krieges im Jahre 1866. Nach authentischen Quellen verfasst {History of the Imperial and Royal Navy during the Year 1866. Compiled from Authentic Sources}, K. und k. Reichskriegsministerium, Marinesektion, in Kommission bei Gerold, Wien, 1906, ix, 464p. Series Die k. k. Kriegsmarine in dem Zeitraume von 1848-1871, 3. Bd.

Friedjung, Heinrich, Custoza und Lissa, Insel-Verlag, Leipzig, 1915, 107p. Notes: Originally published as a part of the author's Der Kampf um die Vorherrschaft in Deutschland {The Fight for Supremacy in Germany}.

----, Die Seeschlacht bei Lissa, 1866 {The Sea Battle of Lissa 1866}, Junker und Dünnhaupt, Berlin, 1937, 67p. Series: Kriegsgeschichtliche Bücherei, Band 30. Notes: "Einführung" signed: Hermann Gackenholz. "Der vorliegende Abdruck umfasst das 13. Kapitel des zweiten Bandes von Der Kampf um die Vorherrschaft in Deutschland, von Heinrich Friedjung, 2. Aufl., Stuttgart 1898." -p.67.

Fruhling, Moritz, Biographisches Handbuch der in der K.u.K. Osterr.-Ungar. Armee und Kriegsmarine aktiv gedienten Offiziere,{Biographical Handbook of Active Duty Officers of the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Army and Navy}, Arzte, Truppen-Rechnungsfuhrer und sonstigen Militarbeamten judischen Stammes, Selbstverlag, Wien, 1911, 224p.

G

Gabriele, Mariano, La politica navale italiana dall'Unita alla vigilia di Lissa {Italian Naval Politics from the time of Unification to the eve of Lissa}, A. Giuffre, Milano, 1958, 505p. Series: Istituto di studi storico-politici. Universita di Roma. Facolta di scienze politiche. [Pubblicazioni] 1.

Gardiner, R. (ed.), Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1915, Mayflower Books, New York, 1979.

Gartner, Franjo, Lissa 1866. Historia de una batalla naval {Lissa - History of a Naval Battle}, La Laguna, 1970, 93p.

Gazley, John Gerow, American Opinion of German Unification, 1848-71, Columbia University Press, 1926, [AMS Press, New York, 1970], 582p.

Gebhard, Louis A., The development of the Austro-Hungarian Navy 1897-1914: a study in the operation of dualism, New Brunswick, N.J., 1965, vii, 320p. Thesis, Rutgers University.

Generalstab-Bureau für Kriegsgeschichte, Österreichs Kämpfe im Jahre 1866 {Austrian Battles in the Year 1866}, k.k. Generalstab, Wien, 1867-1869.

Geschichte der K.K. Kriegs-Marine {History of the Imperial and Royal Navy}, Verlag des K. K. Reichs-Kriegs-Ministeriums, Marine-Section, Wien, 1882-.

----, Series 1: J. Ritter Rechberger von Rechkron, Österreichs Seewesen in dem Zeitraume von 1500-1797 {Austrian Naval Affairs in the period 1500-1797}.

----, Series 2: Die K.K. österreichische Kriegsmarine in dem Zeitraume von 1797 bis 1848 {The Austrian Navy in the Period 1797 to 1848}.

----, Part 1: J. Ritter von Lehnert, Geschichte der Österreichisch- venetianische Kriegs-Marine während der Jahre 1797 bis 1802 {History of the Austro-Venetian Navy from 1797 to 1802}.

----, Part 2: A. von Khuepach, Geschichte der K.K. Kriegsmarine während der Jahre 1802 bis 1814 {History of the Austrian Navy from 1802 to 1814}.

----, Part 3: A. von Khuepach, Geschichte der K.K. Kriegsmarine während der Jahre 1814-1847 {History of the Austrian Navy from 1814 to 1847}.

----, Khuepach, Artur von, Geschichte der K.K. Kriegsmarine während der Jahre 1802-1814 {History of the Imperial and Royal Navy during the years 1802-1814}, Staatsdruckerei, Wien, 1942, 468p. Series: Geschichte der K.u.K. Kriegsmarine, 2. T., 2 Bd. Notes: I. Die Österreichische-venezianische Kriegsmarine während der Jahre 1802-bis 1805.--II. Die zweite triester Kriegsmarine während der Jahre 1806-bis 1809.-- III. Die Ubergangszeit während der Jahre 1809 bis 1814.

Geschichte der K.u.K. Kriegsmarine: II. Teil : Die K.u.K. Osterriechische Kriegsmarine in dem Zeitraum von 1797 bis 1848 {History of the Imperial and Royal Navy: Series 2 - The Imperial and Royal Austrian Navy in the period from 1797 to 1848}, Verlag Hermann Bohlaus Nachf., Graz, 1985, v. Notes: "Gedruckt mit Unterstutzung des Bundesministeriums für Unterricht und des Notringes der wissenschaftlichen Verbande Österreichs auf Antrag des Verbandes österreichischer Geschichtsvereine". 3. Bd. Geschichte der K. K. Kriegsmarine, 1814-1847 / Khuepach, A. von.

----, Series 3: Die K.K. österreichische Kriegs-Marine in dem Zeitraume von 1848 bis 1871 {The Imperial & Royal Austrian Navy in the period from 1848 to 1871}

----, Part 1: J. Freiherrn Benko von Bonnik, Geschichte der K.K. Kriegs-Marine während der Jahre 1848 und 1849 {History of the Austrian Navy during the years 1848 and 1849}.

----, Part 3: J. Fleischer, Geschichte der K.K. Kriegsmarine während des Kriegs im Jahr 1866 {History of the Austrian Navy during the war of 1866}.

Gibson, Charles, The Clash of Fleets - The stories of ten great sea battles, Abelard-Schuman, London, 1963, 255p.

Ginsborg, Paul, Daniele Manin and the Venetian Revolution of 1848-9, Cambridge University Press, London, 1979, 417p.

Giorgerini, Giorgio, Almanacco Storico delle Navi Militari Italiane. La Marina e le sue navi dal 1861 al 1975 {Historical Almanac of Italian Military Ships. The Navy and its ships from 1861 to 1975}, Uffico Storico della Marina Militare, Roma, 1978, 897p.

Gogg, Karl, Die Österreische Kriegsmarine, 1848-1918 {The Austrian Navy, 1848-1918}, Das Burgenland-Buch, Salzburg, 1976.

Gray, Ernest A., 'The Stone Frigates of Sebastopol', History Today, 1969, 19(6), 388-96.

Green, Jack, 'The Re D'Italia', Warship International, 1976, 13(4), 308-13.

Greger, Rene, Austro-Hungarian Warships of World War I, Allan, London, 1976, 192p.

Gretton, Major G. Le M., 'The Battle of Novara, March 23, 1849', in Battles of the Nineteenth Century, Cassell & Co., London, 1897, volume II, 564-72.

Grillo, Luigi G., Il Parlamento in Torino preparava l'impunità dei Lamarmora e dei Persano {The Parliament in Turin prepares impunity for Lamarmora and Persano}, Tip. di G. Schenone, Genova, 1866, xxxii, 104p. Notes: The introduction (xxxii p.) has separate title-page: Petulanza dell'ammiraglio Carlo di Persano, Genova, Tip. di Schenone, 1866.

Guerrini, Domenico, Lissa, 1866, Casanova, Torino, 1907-8, Vol.1.2.

Guttman, John, 'Wilhelm von Tegetthoff' (editorial), Military History, February 1997, 6.

H

Hale, John Richard, 'Lissa, 1866', in Famous Sea Fights: From Salamis to Jutland, Methuen, London, 10th ed., 1946, 231-51.

Handel-Mazetti, Peter, 'Tegetthoff und der Einsatz der Flotte im Urteil der Armee' {Tegetthoff and the Application of the Fleet, in the Judgement of the Army}, Reichsoffiziersblatt, 1941.

----, 'Die Seeflottillen des Alten Österreich' {The Lake Flotillas of Old Austria}, Donauraum, 1964, 9(4), 223-5.

----, 'Die Seeschlacht von Lissa' {The Naval Battle of Lissa}, Marine Rundschau, 1966, 63(4), 215-27.

----, 'Vizeadmiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff' {Imperial and Royal Vice-Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff}, Marine Rundschau, 1971, 68(4), 225-7.

---- and H.H. Sokol, Wilhelm von Tegetthoff. Ein grosser Österreicher {Wilhelm von Tegetthoff - A Great Austrian}, Wien, 1952.

Hannan, G., 'Die österreichische Kriegsmarine in Dienst der Wissenschaften' {The Austrian Navy in the Service of Science}, in Österreich zur See {Austrian on the Sea}, vol.8, Österreichischer Bundesverlag, Wien, 1980.

Hannay, David, 'Battle of Lissa', Encyclopedia Brittanica, New York, 1929, XIV, 200-1.

Hansen, Hans Jurgen, The Ships of the German Fleets 1848-1945, Naval Institute Press, New York, 1988, 192p.

Harbauer, Karl, Der Kaiser und die Kriegsmarine {The Emperor and the Navy}, Verlag des "Österreichischen Flottenvereines", Wien, 1910, iv, 248p.

Harbron, J.D., 'Franz Josef's Forgotten U-Boat Captains', History Today, June 1996, 46(6), 51-6.

Harper's Weekly (newspaper), 'The Fight at Lissa', Harper's Weekly, New York, X, 25 August 1866, 531.

----, 'The Naval Battle between the Austrian and Italian Fleets off Lissa in the Adriatic' (engraved print), Harper's Weekly, New York, X, 1 September 1866, 549.

----, 'The Naval Fight at Lissa', Harper's Weekly, New York, X, 1 September 1866, 551.

----, 'The Arrival of the body of Prince Maximillian of Miramar at Trieste' [engraved print], Harper's Weekly, New York, 29 February 1868.

Hilberg, Arnold, Die Seeschlacht bei Lissa nach den Berichten und Urtheilen der englischen Presse. Ein Gedenkbuch. Zusammengestellt von Arnold Hilberg {The naval battle at Lissa, after the reporting and judgement of the English press. A Memorial Volume. Compiled by Arhold Hilberg}, A. Hilberg, Wien, 1867, 240p.

Hirsch, D. von, 'British opinion in regard to Austria 1844 to 1867', PhD thesis, Cambridge, 1946.

Histoire des combats d'Aboukir, de Trafalgar, de Lissa, du cap Finistere, et de plusiers autres batailles navales, depuis 1798 jusqu'en 1813, suivie de la relation du combat de Navarin, ou notions de tactique pour les combats sur mer, par un captaine de vaisseau {History of the Engagements at Aboukir, Trafalgar, Lissa, Cape Finistere and various other Naval Battles from 1798 to 1813, followed by an account of the battle of Navarin, with concepts and tactics for engagements at sea, by a captain of a vessel}, Bachelier, F. Didot, Baudoin, Paris, 1829, 371p.

Holz-Kretanov, Igo, Aus glorreichen Tegen. Erinnerungen an die Schlacht bei Lissa, {Days of Glory. Memories of the Battle of Lissa}, Hribar, Laibach, 1913. Extracted from the Laibacher Zeitung, 1910.

Hornby, W.M. Phipps, 'Letters Describing the Battle of Lissa, 1811', Mariner's Mirror, 1966, 52(2), 193-8.

Hozier, H.M., Seven Weeks War 1866 - Its Antecendents and its Incidents. Based upon letters reprinted by permission from The Times, Macmillian & Co., London, 1867, 2 vols., 714p. Reprinted 1872, 1905, 1907, 1997.

Humble, Richard, Before the Dreadnought: The Royal Navy from Nelson to Fisher, Macdonald & Jane's, London, 1976, 216p.

---- (ed.), 'Lissa: The Battle of the Ram', in Naval Warfare: An Illustrated History, Orbis, London, 1987.

I

Iachino, Angelo, La campagna navale di Lissa 1866 {The Naval campaign of Lissa 1866}, Il Saggiatore, Milano, 1966, 655p. Series: Biblioteca di storia contemporanea, 6.

Illustrated London News, 'The War: The Italian Fleet at Ancona', 21 July 1866, 53. [Engraving]

----, 'The Italian Iron-Clad Ram Affondatore Foundering in the Harbour of Ancona', 25 August 1866, 192. [Engraving]

----, 'Vice-Admiral tegethoff, Commander of the Austrian Fleet at the Battle of Lissa', 5 September 1866, 240. [Engraving + biography]

----'Embarkation of the Body of the Late Emperor Maximillian at Vera Cruz, Mexico', The Illustrated London News, 11 January 1868, 32. [Includes an engraved view featuring the SMS Novara and HMS Niger]

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